cinchona tree


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Noun1.cinchona tree - small tree of Ecuador and Peru having very large glossy leaves and large panicles of fragrant pink flowerscinchona tree - small tree of Ecuador and Peru having very large glossy leaves and large panicles of fragrant pink flowers; cultivated for its medicinal bark
genus Chinchona, genus Cinchona - large genus of trees of Andean region of South America having medicinal bark
chinchona, cinchona - any of several trees of the genus Cinchona
References in periodicals archive ?
The anti-malarial quinine comes from the bark of the Cinchona tree and salicylic acid, the basis of aspirin, is found in willow bark.
The medicinal properties of the cinchona tree are thought to have been discovered by the Quechua, indigenous people from Peru and Bolivia.
This fun drink gets its name because it glows under black light due to an element it contains from the South American Cinchona tree.
Quinine sulfate is derived from the bark of the Cinchona tree and has been used for centuries as a prophylaxis and treatment for the malaria parasite.
Others include penicillin, developed from mold; aspirin, from willow bark; thymol, from thyme; quinine, from the cinchona tree.
Hippocrates found that leaves from the willow plant could reduce headache and muscle pain, which led to the discovery of aspirin, quinine to treat malaria came from the bark of the cinchona tree, and a tea brewed from the fox glove plant relieved dropsy because it contained digitalis.
And, of course, there was quinine from the cinchona tree, Cinchonapubescens, to say nothing of cocaine, morphine, and nicotine.
According to sources McLaren, Peru's Environment Minister Antonio Brack has announced he will honour the 'Hey Jude' hitmaker's green campaigning by awarding him the highly respected Order of the Cinchona Tree ahead of the gig.
These include quinine, an extract of the cinchona tree used to treat malaria and arthritis; turbocuarine from the curare liana vine, given to patients as a muscle relaxant during surgery; and taxol from the yew tree for treating breast and ovarian cancer.
It takes its name from the Peruvian Indian word 'kina' meaning 'bark of the tree', referring to the cinchona tree where it was first obtained.
Ravaged by the fevers of malaria for millennia, the Old World found relief with an extract from the bark of the cinchona tree of Peru and Bolivia, but murder and mayhem complicated the cure.
What is clear is that quinine, the active anti-malarial alkaloid in the bark of the South American cinchona tree soon became the only known treatment for the disease caused by the as-yet undiscovered Plasmodium falciparum parasite.