cingulum

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cin·gu·lum

 (sĭng′gyə-ləm)
n. pl. cin·gu·la (-lə) Biology
A girdlelike marking or structure, such as a band or ridge, on an animal.

[Latin, girdle, from cingere, to gird; see kenk- in Indo-European roots.]

cin′gu·late (-lĭt), cin′gu·la′ted (-lā′tĭd) adj.

cingulum

(ˈsɪŋɡjʊləm)
n, pl -la (-lə)
(Anatomy) anatomy a girdle-like part, such as the ridge round the base of a tooth or the band of fibres connecting parts of the cerebrum
[C19: from Latin: belt, from cingere to gird]
cingulate, ˈcinguˌlated adj

cin•gu•lum

(ˈsɪŋ gyə ləm)

n., pl. -la (-lə).
any feature that girds part of the body, as a band of muscle or ring of color.
[1835–45; < Latin: girdle, zone =cing-, s. of cingere to gird (see cincture) + -ulum -ule]
cin′gu•late (-lɪt, -ˌleɪt) cin′gu•lat`ed, cin′gu•lar, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cingulum - (anatomy) an encircling structure (as the ridge around the base of a tooth)
anatomical structure, bodily structure, body structure, complex body part, structure - a particular complex anatomical part of a living thing; "he has good bone structure"
anatomy, general anatomy - the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals
References in periodicals archive ?
Vestibular system is connected with hippocampus, raphe nucleus, locus coeruleus, thalamus, amygdala, insular cortex, anterior cingulated cortex, prefrontal cortex, cerebellum, occipital cortex, putamen, parietal lobe and other areas of brain [8] and plays a major role in relieving stress, cancer pain, promotes sleep, improves immunity, improves cognition, and also treats endocrine disorders.
This study measured the concentration of glutamate and GABA in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, ventromedial prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulated cortex in individuals with schizophrenia using high-field- strength MRS.
There is evidence that semantic priming effects can be found both in fluent and nonfluent aphasias, and that these effects are related to an extensive network which includes the temporal lobe, the prefrontal cortex, the left frontal gyrus, the left temporal gyrus and the cingulated cortex.
These researchers found that the anterior cingulated cortex (ACC)--a neuro alarm system of the brain--is particularly active during the processing of physical and social pain.
A[beta] aggregation affects first the layers II-V of the isocortex, followed by the entorhinal cortex, hippocampal formation, amygdala, insular and cingulated cortices; it spreads then to the subcortical nuclei including striatum, basal forebrain cholinergic nuclei, thalamus, hypothalamus, and white matter.
Findings represented in these studies are generally similar, showing reduced connectivity in the PTSD group between brain regions identified with emotion (amygdala, posterior cingulated cortex), memory (hippocampus), and executive function (prefrontal cortex).
The processing of happy expressions has been related to activation of the anterior and posterior cingulated gyrus, medial frontal cortex, and orbitofrontal cortex [61, 62].
79] showed that it was possible to learn to self-regulate activity in anterior cingulated gyrus, an area of the brain known to be involved in both cognitive and affective processes.
MRS is widely used to monitor brain areas including the basal ganglia, substantia nigra, temporoparietal cortex, prefrontal cortex, posterior cingulated cortex, pontine basis, and occipital lobe [13-15] and as a diagnostic tool for differentiating PD from other neurodegenerative diseases [16].
On the other hand, the only study using functional neuroimaging, in this case a Single Positron Emission Tomography (SPECT), showed a reduction of cerebral blood flow (CBF) in left culmen, left hippocampus, left inferior occipital gyrus, left anterior cingulated cortex, right superior temporal gyrus and right pre-central gyrus (brain areas associated with memory, language and writing planning) during mediumistic communication (psychography) as compared to a control task.