cinnamic acid


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cinnamic acid

n.
A fragrant white crystalline acid, C9H8O2, obtained from cinnamon or from balsams such as storax or made synthetically and used chiefly to manufacture perfumery compounds.

cinnamic acid

(sɪˈnæmɪk)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a white crystalline water-insoluble weak organic acid existing in two isomeric forms; 3-phenylpropenoic acid. The trans- form occurs naturally and its esters are used in perfumery. Formula: C6H5CH:CHCOOH
[C19: from cinnam(on) + -ic; from its being found in cinnamon oil]
Translations
Zimtsäure
References in periodicals archive ?
The present study was designed to explore the possible mechanism(s) of anti-diabetic activity of cinnamic acid in in vitro and in vivo non-obese type 2 diabetic rats, Non-obese type 2 diabetes was developed by injecting 90 mg/kg streptozotocin in 2-day-old Wistar pups.
1) Some of the simplest antimicrobial phytochemicals are the single substituted phenolic ring compounds, like cinnamic acid and caffeic acid.
The investigators used carvacrol, the main volatile compound of oregano, and methyl cinnamate, the methyl ester of cinnamic acid, formulated in film-forming solutions at 0.
One of the main plant secondary metabolites is a salicylic acid, 13-hydroxybenzoic acid that is synthesized from phenylalanine via cinnamic acid and o-coumaric acid or via benzoic acid.
The antioxidants in hops alone include phenols, cinnamic acid derivatives, coumarins, catechins, proanthocyanidins, and flavonoids, according to Clarissa Gerhauser of Heidelberg, who has counted and classified 78 in toto.
Among the topics are relative humidity and evaporation of a simple fragrance emulsion, unusual phase behavior in a two-component system, the phase separation study of the surface-active drug promazine hydrochloride in the absence and presence of organic additives, polymer-modified microemulsions as a new type of template for nanoparticle formation, the synthesis and size-dependent photocatalytic behavior of luminescent semiconductor quantum dots, and temperature-dependent structural insignia of cinnamic acid.
Herein, we introduce the cinnamate group by grafting cinnamic acid onto PVA to prepare the amphiphilic graft polymer poly(vinyl cinnamates) (PVCi) and study its self-assembly behavior in selective solvent (Fig.
Effects of caffeic acid and cinnamic acid on glucose uptake in insulin-resistant mouse hepatocytes.
For example, cinnamic acid derivatives, are used as sources for pharmaceuticals [12].
For instance, a tree can convert the amino acid phenylalanine into cinnamic acid, a precursor to compounds thought to be important to the tree's defense system.
Cinnamic acid, alphapinene, ethyl cinnamate and vanillin are just some that have been isolated.
7 A toxicologic and dermatologic assessment of related esters and alcohols of cinnamic acid and cinnamyl alcohol when used as a fragrance ingredient, Belsito, D.