cinnamyl

cinnamyl

(ˈsɪnəˌmaɪl)
n
(Chemistry) a univalent radical of cinnamic compounds
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For example, almost 10 years ago, Ralph and colleagues published a paper describing what happens to loblolly pine trees when they're deprived of the gene that codes for cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase--an enzyme that helps make vital lignin building blocks.
Within the oils they discovered that four--cinnamaldehyde, cinnamyl acetate, eugenol, and anethole--were more effective at killing mosquito larvae than the synthetic insecticide DEET.
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The sum of vanillyl (V), syringyl (S), and cinnamyl (C) phenols released from the lignin macromolecules by CuO oxidation was used to estimate the lignin content of the sample, the VSC-lignin.
We administered the chemicals (diethylhexyl phthalate, cinnamyl anthranilate, chlorendic acid, 1,4-dichlorobenzene, monuron, ethylene thiourea, diethyl thiourea, trimethyl thiourea, and d-limonene) to the same strains of mice and rats used in the original NTP bioassays (nine chemicals to rats and seven to mice).
While the cinnamate ester group has been used widely in the field of UV-crosslinkable materials, the use of the cinnamyl ether side group has not yet been reported.
Zeneca will provide a gene that suppresses the cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) enzyme in the plant, as well as the know-how that allows the gene suppressor to be used.
7 A toxicologic and dermatologic assessment of related esters and alcohols of cinnamic acid and cinnamyl alcohol when used as a fragrance ingredient, Belsito, D.
Antipyretic activity of cinnamyl derivatives and related compounds in influenza virus-infected mice.
5% of a map odor counteractant selected from amyl cinnamaldehyde, benzophenone, benzyl benzoate, benzyl isoeugenol, benzyl phenyl acetate, benzyl salicylate, butyl cinnamate, cinnamyl butyrate, cinnamyl isovalerate, cinnamyl propionate, decyl acetate, ethyl myristate, isobutyl cinnamate, isoamyl salicylate, phenethyl benzoate, phenethyl phenyl acetate, triethyl citrate, tripropylene glycol n-butyl ether and combinations thereof; approximately 95% of at least one of an alkali metal inorganic salt and an alkaline-earth metal inorganic salt; 0.
They include organic acids (acetic, benzoic, cinnamic and phenylacetic); alcohols (benzyl alcohol, borneol, cinnamyl alcohol, citronellol, geraniol, linalool, menthol, phenylethyl alcohol and terpineol); aldehydes (anisic aldehyde, cinnamic aldehyde, benzaldehyde, citral, piperonal or heliotropin, salicylic aldehyde and vanillin); ketones (carvones, camphor, thujone, pulegone, etc; esters such as bornyl acetate, methyl salicylate, benzyl benzoate, geranyl acetate and linalyl acetate); phenols (thymol, carvacrol and chavicol); phenol ethers (anethol, eugenol and safrol) and many other more complex compounds such as coumarin and indol.