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 (sĭngk′foil′, săngk′-)
1. Any of various herbs or shrubs chiefly of the genus Potentilla of the rose family, native to northern temperate regions and having yellow or sometimes white or red flowers and compound leaves that in some species bear five leaflets. Also called potentilla.
2. Architecture A design having five sides composed of converging arcs, usually used as a frame for glass or a panel.

[Middle English cinkfoil : cink, five; see cinque + foil, leaf (translation of Old French quintefeuille, from Latin quīnquefolium, translation of Greek pentaphullon); see foil2.]


1. (Plants) any plant of the N temperate rosaceous genus Potentilla, typically having five-lobed compound leaves
2. (Architecture) an ornamental carving in the form of five arcs arranged in a circle and separated by cusps
3. (Heraldry) heraldry a charge representing a five-petalled flower
[C13 sink foil, from Old French cincfoille, from Latin quinquefolium plant with five leaves, translating Greek pentaphullon from pente five + phullon leaf]



1. any of several plants belonging to the genus Potentilla, of the rose family, having yellow, red, or white five-petaled flowers.
2. an architectural ornament consisting of five lobes, separated by cusps, radiating from a common center.
[1375–1425; late Middle English sink foil < Middle French cincfoille < Latin quīnque folia five leaves]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cinquefoil - any of a numerous plants grown for their five-petaled flowerscinquefoil - any of a numerous plants grown for their five-petaled flowers; abundant in temperate regions; alleged to have medicinal properties
genus Potentilla, Potentilla - chiefly perennial northern hemisphere herbs and shrubs: cinquefoil
goose-tansy, Potentilla anserina, silverweed, goose grass - low-growing perennial having leaves silvery beneath; northern United States; Europe; Asia
bush, shrub - a low woody perennial plant usually having several major stems
2.cinquefoil - an ornamental carving consisting of five arcs arranged in a circle
carving - a sculpture created by removing material (as wood or ivory or stone) in order to create a desired shape
References in classic literature ?
This was my curious labor all summer -- to make this portion of the earth's surface, which had yielded only cinquefoil, blackberries, johnswort, and the like, before, sweet wild fruits and pleasant flowers, produce instead this pulse.
my broomstick hath strangely disappeared, stolen, as I suspect, by that unhanged witch, Goody Cory, and that, too, when I was all anointed with the juice of smallage, and cinquefoil, and wolf's bane"
Annora Brown, Shrubby Cinquefoil, 1960, watercolour and casein, Glenbow Museum, 60.
Creeping Cinquefoil print is available from Spoonflower: www.
Deadnettle Lapsana communis Nipplewort Lithospermum arvense Corn cromwell Neslia paniculata Ball mustard Persicaria lapathifolia Pale persicaria Poa annua Annual poa Poa pratensis/trivialis Meadow grass Poaceae True grasses Polygonum aviculare Knotgrass Potentilla norvegica Norwegian cinquefoil Potentilla recta Rough-fruited cinquefoil Raphanus raphanistrum Wild radish Rhinanthus sp.
007 + Tephrosia virginiana * Group Pair Species Abandoned Pteridium aquilinum Bracken Fern + Managed Pedicularis canadensis Wood Betony Potentilla simplex Cinquefoil Disturbed Lupinus perennis Wild Lupine + Managed Andropogon gerardii Big Bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium Litde Bluestem Asclepias syriaca Common Milkweed Krigia virginica False Dandelion Specificity Fidelity Group Pair Species (A) (B) Abandoned Pteridium aquilinum 0.
Above all I recall the smells and colours of a tapestry of herbs which I had never encountered before: marsh St John's-wort in a peaty ditch, marsh cinquefoil and bogbean in pools, and purple loosestrife and hemp agrimony in former peat cuttings, a sign to take care when stepping on what looked like solid ground.
In our study we found that Chinese cinquefoil herb was frequently consumed by zokors.
One of these historical species, Ballona cinquefoil (Potentilla multijuga), is believed to have been endemic to Ballona but extirpated sometime after its last collection in 1890 by H.
Delicate catnip, pink and purple, yellow buttercups, and cinquefoil seem to be everywhere.
Ombre, tile, ziggurat, cinquefoil and filigree patterns grace lampshades, rugs and drapery.