circulate


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Related to circulate: circulate through

cir·cu·late

 (sûr′kyə-lāt′)
v. cir·cu·lat·ed, cir·cu·lat·ing, cir·cu·lates
v.intr.
1. To move in or flow through a circle or circuit: blood circulating through the body.
2. To move around, as from person to person or place to place: a guest circulating at a party.
3. To move about or flow freely, as air.
4. To spread widely among persons or places; disseminate: Gossip tends to circulate quickly.
v.tr.
To cause to move about or be distributed: Please circulate these fliers.

[From Middle English circulat, continuously distilled, from Latin circulātus, past participle of circulāre, to make circular, from circulus, circle; see circle.]

cir′cu·la′tive (-lā′tĭv) adj.
cir′cu·la′tor n.

circulate

(ˈsɜːkjʊˌleɪt)
vb
1. to send, go, or pass from place to place or person to person: don't circulate the news.
2. to distribute or be distributed over a wide area
3. to move or cause to move through a circuit, system, etc, returning to the starting point: blood circulates through the body.
4. to move in a circle: the earth circulates around the sun.
[C15: from Latin circulārī to assemble in a circle, from circulus circle]
ˈcircuˌlative adj
ˈcircuˌlator n
ˈcirculatory adj

cir•cu•late

(ˈsɜr kyəˌleɪt)

v. -lat•ed, -lat•ing. v.i.
1. to move in a circle or circuit; esp. through a circuit back to the starting point, as blood in the body.
2. to pass from place to place, from person to person, etc.: I circulated among the guests.
3. to be distributed or sold, esp. over a wide area.
4. (of library materials) to be available on loan for use outside library premises.
v.t.
5. to cause to pass from place to place, person to person, etc.; disseminate; distribute: to circulate a report.
[1665–75; < Latin circulātus, past participle of circulārī to gather round one]
cir′cu•la`tive (-ˌleɪ tɪv, -lə tɪv) adj.

circulate


Past participle: circulated
Gerund: circulating

Imperative
circulate
circulate
Present
I circulate
you circulate
he/she/it circulates
we circulate
you circulate
they circulate
Preterite
I circulated
you circulated
he/she/it circulated
we circulated
you circulated
they circulated
Present Continuous
I am circulating
you are circulating
he/she/it is circulating
we are circulating
you are circulating
they are circulating
Present Perfect
I have circulated
you have circulated
he/she/it has circulated
we have circulated
you have circulated
they have circulated
Past Continuous
I was circulating
you were circulating
he/she/it was circulating
we were circulating
you were circulating
they were circulating
Past Perfect
I had circulated
you had circulated
he/she/it had circulated
we had circulated
you had circulated
they had circulated
Future
I will circulate
you will circulate
he/she/it will circulate
we will circulate
you will circulate
they will circulate
Future Perfect
I will have circulated
you will have circulated
he/she/it will have circulated
we will have circulated
you will have circulated
they will have circulated
Future Continuous
I will be circulating
you will be circulating
he/she/it will be circulating
we will be circulating
you will be circulating
they will be circulating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been circulating
you have been circulating
he/she/it has been circulating
we have been circulating
you have been circulating
they have been circulating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been circulating
you will have been circulating
he/she/it will have been circulating
we will have been circulating
you will have been circulating
they will have been circulating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been circulating
you had been circulating
he/she/it had been circulating
we had been circulating
you had been circulating
they had been circulating
Conditional
I would circulate
you would circulate
he/she/it would circulate
we would circulate
you would circulate
they would circulate
Past Conditional
I would have circulated
you would have circulated
he/she/it would have circulated
we would have circulated
you would have circulated
they would have circulated
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.circulate - become widely known and passed on; "the rumor spread"; "the story went around in the office"
disseminate, pass around, circulate, diffuse, broadcast, circularise, circularize, spread, disperse, propagate, distribute - cause to become widely known; "spread information"; "circulate a rumor"; "broadcast the news"
go, locomote, move, travel - change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically; "How fast does your new car go?"; "We travelled from Rome to Naples by bus"; "The policemen went from door to door looking for the suspect"; "The soldiers moved towards the city in an attempt to take it before night fell"; "news travelled fast"
2.circulate - cause to become widely known; "spread information"; "circulate a rumor"; "broadcast the news"
publicize, bare, publicise, air - make public; "She aired her opinions on welfare"
podcast - distribute (multimedia files) over the internet for playback on a mobile device or a personal computer
sow - introduce into an environment; "sow suspicion or beliefs"
circulate, go around, spread - become widely known and passed on; "the rumor spread"; "the story went around in the office"
popularise, popularize, vulgarise, vulgarize, generalise, generalize - cater to popular taste to make popular and present to the general public; bring into general or common use; "They popularized coffee in Washington State"; "Relativity Theory was vulgarized by these authors"
carry, run - include as the content; broadcast or publicize; "We ran the ad three times"; "This paper carries a restaurant review"; "All major networks carried the press conference"
3.circulate - cause be distributed; "This letter is being circulated among the faculty"
move, displace - cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense; "Move those boxes into the corner, please"; "I'm moving my money to another bank"; "The director moved more responsibilities onto his new assistant"
send around - forward to others; "he is sending around an appeal for funds"
utter - put into circulation; "utter counterfeit currency"
spread out, scatter, spread - strew or distribute over an area; "He spread fertilizer over the lawn"; "scatter cards across the table"
4.circulate - move through a space, circuit or system, returning to the starting point; "Blood circulates in my veins"; "The air here does not circulate"
ventilate - circulate through and freshen; "The gust of air ventilated the room"
course, flow, run, feed - move along, of liquids; "Water flowed into the cave"; "the Missouri feeds into the Mississippi"
5.circulate - move in circles
go, locomote, move, travel - change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically; "How fast does your new car go?"; "We travelled from Rome to Naples by bus"; "The policemen went from door to door looking for the suspect"; "The soldiers moved towards the city in an attempt to take it before night fell"; "news travelled fast"
orb, orbit, revolve - move in an orbit; "The moon orbits around the Earth"; "The planets are orbiting the sun"; "electrons orbit the nucleus"
troll - circulate, move around
loop - fly loops, perform a loop; "the stunt pilot looped his plane"
loop - move in loops; "The bicycle looped around the tree"
6.circulate - cause to move in a circuit or system; "The fan circulates the air in the room"
move, displace - cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense; "Move those boxes into the corner, please"; "I'm moving my money to another bank"; "The director moved more responsibilities onto his new assistant"
convect - circulate hot air by convection
7.circulate - move around freely; "She circulates among royalty"
go, locomote, move, travel - change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically; "How fast does your new car go?"; "We travelled from Rome to Naples by bus"; "The policemen went from door to door looking for the suspect"; "The soldiers moved towards the city in an attempt to take it before night fell"; "news travelled fast"
drift - move in an unhurried fashion; "The unknown young man drifted among the invited guests"
8.circulate - cause to move around; "circulate a rumor"
move, displace - cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense; "Move those boxes into the corner, please"; "I'm moving my money to another bank"; "The director moved more responsibilities onto his new assistant"

circulate

verb
1. spread, issue, publish, broadcast, distribute, diffuse, publicize, propagate, disseminate, promulgate, make known Public employees are circulating a petition calling for his reinstatement.
2. get around, spread, go around Rumours were already beginning to circulate about redundancies in the company.
3. flow, revolve, rotate, radiate Cooking odours can circulate throughout the entire house.
4. mingle, socialize Let me get you something to drink, then I must circulate.

circulate

verb
1. To move freely as a liquid:
2. To extend over a wide area:
3. To become known far and wide:
Idiom: go the rounds.
4. To make (information) generally known:
Idioms: spread far and wide, spread the word.
5. To pass (something) out:
Translations
يَدورُ حَوْليَنْشُر، يَنْتَشِر
obíhatrozšiřovatšířitcirkulovatkolovat
cirkulere
berast/breiîast útstreyma
apykaitoscirkuliacijacirkuliuojantiscirkuliuotidaryti apytaką
cirkulētklīst
krožitinaokrog poslati
devam et mekdolaş makyay mak

circulate

[ˈsɜːkjʊleɪt]
A. VI (gen) → circular
B. VT (gen) → poner en circulación; [+ letter, papers etc] → hacer circular; [+ news] → hacer circular

circulate

[ˈsɜːrkjʊleɪt]
vi
[traffic] → circuler
[story, rumour] → circuler
[guest, host] → faire le tour des invités
vt [+ document] → faire circuler

circulate

vi
(water, blood, money)fließen, zirkulieren; (traffic)fließen; (news, rumour)kursieren, in Umlauf sein
(person: at party) → die Runde machen
vt news, rumourverbreiten, in Umlauf bringen; memo etczirkulieren lassen; waterpumpen

circulate

[ˈsɜːkjʊˌleɪt]
1. vi (gen) → circolare; (person, socially) → girare e andare un po' da tutti
2. vtfar circolare

circulate

(ˈsəːkjuleit) verb
1. to (cause to) go round in a fixed path coming back to a starting-point. Blood circulates through the body.
2. to (cause to) spread or pass around (news etc). There's a rumour circulating that she is getting married.
ˌcircuˈlation noun
ˈcirculatory (-lə-) adjective

circulate

vi circular
References in classic literature ?
I should like to rap with a good stick on the empty pates of the dolts who circulate such nonsense
They would gladly have met to hear, and pray, and sing, in some place, together; but Legree would not permit it, and more than once broke up such attempts, with oaths and brutal execrations,--so that the blessed news had to circulate from individual to individual.
Elton himself arrived to triumph in his happy prospects, and circulate the fame of her merits, there was very little more for him to do, than to tell her Christian name, and say whose music she principally played.
He represented to the emperor "the low condition of his treasury; that he was forced to take up money at a great discount; that exchequer bills would not circulate under nine per cent.
With very few exceptions, all the so-called Socialist and Communist publications that now (1847) circulate in Germany belong to the domain of this foul and enervating literature.
I'll circulate that saying, be assured, my dear fellow.
Valentine," he answered, "during my long watch over you, all I have observed has been what people visited you, what nourishment was prepared, and what beverage was served; then, when the latter appeared dangerous to me, I entered, as I have now done, and substituted, in the place of the poison, a healthful draught; which, instead of producing the death intended, caused life to circulate in your veins.
Mazarin endeavored to circulate among the people a report that troops had only been stationed on the quays and on the Pont Neuf, on account of the ceremonial of the day, and that they would soon withdraw.
We contrived to make the blood circulate in our benumbed limbs by rubbing them vigorously with our hands; and after performing our ablutions in the stream, and putting on our still wet clothes, we began to think it advisable to break our long fast, it being now twenty-four hours since we had tasted food.
When this news began to circulate through the village, blended with the fate of Jotham, and the exaggerated and tortured reports of the events on the hill, the popular opinion was freely expressed, as to the propriety of seizing such of the fugitives as remained within reach.
Hunt and his fellow-travellers had not been many days at the Arickara village, when rumors began to circulate that the Sioux had followed them up, and that a war party, four or five hundred in number, were lurking somewhere in the neighborhood.
Then he took him out, and sat down by the fire and laid him on his breast and rubbed his arms that the blood might circulate again.