circulate

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cir·cu·late

 (sûr′kyə-lāt′)
v. cir·cu·lat·ed, cir·cu·lat·ing, cir·cu·lates
v.intr.
1. To move in or flow through a circle or circuit: blood circulating through the body.
2. To move around, as from person to person or place to place: a guest circulating at a party.
3. To move about or flow freely, as air.
4. To spread widely among persons or places; disseminate: Gossip tends to circulate quickly.
v.tr.
To cause to move about or be distributed: Please circulate these fliers.

[From Middle English circulat, continuously distilled, from Latin circulātus, past participle of circulāre, to make circular, from circulus, circle; see circle.]

cir′cu·la′tive (-lā′tĭv) adj.
cir′cu·la′tor n.

circulate

(ˈsɜːkjʊˌleɪt)
vb
1. to send, go, or pass from place to place or person to person: don't circulate the news.
2. to distribute or be distributed over a wide area
3. to move or cause to move through a circuit, system, etc, returning to the starting point: blood circulates through the body.
4. to move in a circle: the earth circulates around the sun.
[C15: from Latin circulārī to assemble in a circle, from circulus circle]
ˈcircuˌlative adj
ˈcircuˌlator n
ˈcirculatory adj

cir•cu•late

(ˈsɜr kyəˌleɪt)

v. -lat•ed, -lat•ing. v.i.
1. to move in a circle or circuit; esp. through a circuit back to the starting point, as blood in the body.
2. to pass from place to place, from person to person, etc.: I circulated among the guests.
3. to be distributed or sold, esp. over a wide area.
4. (of library materials) to be available on loan for use outside library premises.
v.t.
5. to cause to pass from place to place, person to person, etc.; disseminate; distribute: to circulate a report.
[1665–75; < Latin circulātus, past participle of circulārī to gather round one]
cir′cu•la`tive (-ˌleɪ tɪv, -lə tɪv) adj.

circulate


Past participle: circulated
Gerund: circulating

Imperative
circulate
circulate
Present
I circulate
you circulate
he/she/it circulates
we circulate
you circulate
they circulate
Preterite
I circulated
you circulated
he/she/it circulated
we circulated
you circulated
they circulated
Present Continuous
I am circulating
you are circulating
he/she/it is circulating
we are circulating
you are circulating
they are circulating
Present Perfect
I have circulated
you have circulated
he/she/it has circulated
we have circulated
you have circulated
they have circulated
Past Continuous
I was circulating
you were circulating
he/she/it was circulating
we were circulating
you were circulating
they were circulating
Past Perfect
I had circulated
you had circulated
he/she/it had circulated
we had circulated
you had circulated
they had circulated
Future
I will circulate
you will circulate
he/she/it will circulate
we will circulate
you will circulate
they will circulate
Future Perfect
I will have circulated
you will have circulated
he/she/it will have circulated
we will have circulated
you will have circulated
they will have circulated
Future Continuous
I will be circulating
you will be circulating
he/she/it will be circulating
we will be circulating
you will be circulating
they will be circulating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been circulating
you have been circulating
he/she/it has been circulating
we have been circulating
you have been circulating
they have been circulating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been circulating
you will have been circulating
he/she/it will have been circulating
we will have been circulating
you will have been circulating
they will have been circulating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been circulating
you had been circulating
he/she/it had been circulating
we had been circulating
you had been circulating
they had been circulating
Conditional
I would circulate
you would circulate
he/she/it would circulate
we would circulate
you would circulate
they would circulate
Past Conditional
I would have circulated
you would have circulated
he/she/it would have circulated
we would have circulated
you would have circulated
they would have circulated
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.circulate - become widely known and passed on; "the rumor spread"; "the story went around in the office"
disseminate, pass around, circulate, diffuse, broadcast, circularise, circularize, spread, disperse, propagate, distribute - cause to become widely known; "spread information"; "circulate a rumor"; "broadcast the news"
go, locomote, move, travel - change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically; "How fast does your new car go?"; "We travelled from Rome to Naples by bus"; "The policemen went from door to door looking for the suspect"; "The soldiers moved towards the city in an attempt to take it before night fell"; "news travelled fast"
2.circulate - cause to become widely known; "spread information"; "circulate a rumor"; "broadcast the news"
publicize, bare, publicise, air - make public; "She aired her opinions on welfare"
podcast - distribute (multimedia files) over the internet for playback on a mobile device or a personal computer
sow - introduce into an environment; "sow suspicion or beliefs"
circulate, go around, spread - become widely known and passed on; "the rumor spread"; "the story went around in the office"
popularise, popularize, vulgarise, vulgarize, generalise, generalize - cater to popular taste to make popular and present to the general public; bring into general or common use; "They popularized coffee in Washington State"; "Relativity Theory was vulgarized by these authors"
carry, run - include as the content; broadcast or publicize; "We ran the ad three times"; "This paper carries a restaurant review"; "All major networks carried the press conference"
3.circulate - cause be distributed; "This letter is being circulated among the faculty"
move, displace - cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense; "Move those boxes into the corner, please"; "I'm moving my money to another bank"; "The director moved more responsibilities onto his new assistant"
send around - forward to others; "he is sending around an appeal for funds"
utter - put into circulation; "utter counterfeit currency"
spread out, scatter, spread - strew or distribute over an area; "He spread fertilizer over the lawn"; "scatter cards across the table"
4.circulate - move through a space, circuit or system, returning to the starting point; "Blood circulates in my veins"; "The air here does not circulate"
ventilate - circulate through and freshen; "The gust of air ventilated the room"
course, flow, run, feed - move along, of liquids; "Water flowed into the cave"; "the Missouri feeds into the Mississippi"
5.circulate - move in circles
go, locomote, move, travel - change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically; "How fast does your new car go?"; "We travelled from Rome to Naples by bus"; "The policemen went from door to door looking for the suspect"; "The soldiers moved towards the city in an attempt to take it before night fell"; "news travelled fast"
orb, orbit, revolve - move in an orbit; "The moon orbits around the Earth"; "The planets are orbiting the sun"; "electrons orbit the nucleus"
troll - circulate, move around
loop - fly loops, perform a loop; "the stunt pilot looped his plane"
loop - move in loops; "The bicycle looped around the tree"
6.circulate - cause to move in a circuit or system; "The fan circulates the air in the room"
move, displace - cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense; "Move those boxes into the corner, please"; "I'm moving my money to another bank"; "The director moved more responsibilities onto his new assistant"
convect - circulate hot air by convection
7.circulate - move around freely; "She circulates among royalty"
go, locomote, move, travel - change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically; "How fast does your new car go?"; "We travelled from Rome to Naples by bus"; "The policemen went from door to door looking for the suspect"; "The soldiers moved towards the city in an attempt to take it before night fell"; "news travelled fast"
drift - move in an unhurried fashion; "The unknown young man drifted among the invited guests"
8.circulate - cause to move around; "circulate a rumor"
move, displace - cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense; "Move those boxes into the corner, please"; "I'm moving my money to another bank"; "The director moved more responsibilities onto his new assistant"

circulate

verb
1. spread, issue, publish, broadcast, distribute, diffuse, publicize, propagate, disseminate, promulgate, make known Public employees are circulating a petition calling for his reinstatement.
2. get around, spread, go around Rumours were already beginning to circulate about redundancies in the company.
3. flow, revolve, rotate, radiate Cooking odours can circulate throughout the entire house.
4. mingle, socialize Let me get you something to drink, then I must circulate.

circulate

verb
1. To move freely as a liquid:
2. To extend over a wide area:
3. To become known far and wide:
Idiom: go the rounds.
4. To make (information) generally known:
Idioms: spread far and wide, spread the word.
5. To pass (something) out:
Translations
يَدورُ حَوْليَنْشُر، يَنْتَشِر
obíhatrozšiřovatšířitcirkulovatkolovat
cirkulere
berast/breiîast útstreyma
apykaitoscirkuliacijacirkuliuojantiscirkuliuotidaryti apytaką
cirkulētklīst
krožitinaokrog poslati
devam et mekdolaş makyay mak

circulate

[ˈsɜːkjʊleɪt]
A. VI (gen) → circular
B. VT (gen) → poner en circulación; [+ letter, papers etc] → hacer circular; [+ news] → hacer circular

circulate

[ˈsɜːrkjʊleɪt]
vi
[traffic] → circuler
[story, rumour] → circuler
[guest, host] → faire le tour des invités
vt [+ document] → faire circuler

circulate

vi
(water, blood, money)fließen, zirkulieren; (traffic)fließen; (news, rumour)kursieren, in Umlauf sein
(person: at party) → die Runde machen
vt news, rumourverbreiten, in Umlauf bringen; memo etczirkulieren lassen; waterpumpen

circulate

[ˈsɜːkjʊˌleɪt]
1. vi (gen) → circolare; (person, socially) → girare e andare un po' da tutti
2. vtfar circolare

circulate

(ˈsəːkjuleit) verb
1. to (cause to) go round in a fixed path coming back to a starting-point. Blood circulates through the body.
2. to (cause to) spread or pass around (news etc). There's a rumour circulating that she is getting married.
ˌcircuˈlation noun
ˈcirculatory (-lə-) adjective

circulate

vi circular
References in classic literature ?
During the next few minutes the rumor that Amy March had got twenty- four delicious limes (she ate one on the way) and was going to treat circulated through her `set', and the attentions of her friends became quite overwhelming.
A few of the worshippers belonged to families hard by, who had got permission to attend, and who brought in various choice scraps of information, about the sayings and doings at the house and on the place, which circulated as freely as the same sort of small change does in higher circles.
I had soon read all the tracts that were left there, and examined where former prisoners had broken out, and where a grate had been sawed off, and heard the history of the various occupants of that room; for I found that even there there was a history and a gossip which never circulated beyond the walls of the jail.
I have also taken care to have the handbills offering a reward for the discovery of her widely circulated.
As a consequence, country airs circulated in Soho with vigorous freedom, instead of languishing into the parish like stray paupers without a settlement; and there was many a good south wall, not far off, on which the peaches ripened in their season.
The Golden Fortune, therefore, backed by towering woodlands, looked out to sea at one side, across to the breakwater headland on another, and on its land side commanded a complete view of the gay little haven, with its white houses built terrace on terrace upon its wooded slopes, connected by flights of zigzag steps, by which the apparently inaccessible shelves and platforms circulated their gay life down to the gay heart of the place,--the circular boulevard, exquisitely leafy and cool, where one found the great casino and the open-air theatre, the exquisite orchestra, into which only the mellowest brass and the subtlest strings were admitted, and the Cafe du Ciel, charmingly situated among the trees, where the boulevard became a bridge, for a moment, at the mouth of the river Sly.
The long feast had at length its end; and, while the goblet circulated freely, men talked of the feats of the preceding tournament, of the unknown victor in the archery games, of the Black Knight, whose self-denial had induced him to withdraw from the honours he had won, and of the gallant Ivanhoe, who had so dearly bought the honours of the day.
Of such insolences and attempted slights he, of course, took no notice, and in the opinion of most people his frank debonair manner, his charming boyish smile, and the infinite grace of that wonderful youth that seemed never to leave him, were in themselves a sufficient answer to the calumnies, for so they termed them, that were circulated about him.
She has circulated a story that, while at dinner with her, you remembered some important business that had to be done at once, and left the house without shutting the door.
The books were circulated throughout the world, and some of them reached the Emperor.
I say so, because your excellence has been barely six days in this castle, and already the unhappy and the afflicted come in quest of you from lands far distant and remote, and not in coaches or on dromedaries, but on foot and fasting, confident that in that mighty arm they will find a cure for their sorrows and troubles; thanks to your great achievements, which are circulated all over the known earth.
The opponents of the plan proposed have, with great assiduity, cited and circulated the observations of Montesquieu on the necessity of a contracted territory for a republican government.