circumduction


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Related to circumduction: pronation, circumduction gait

cir·cum·duc·tion

 (sûr′kəm-dŭk′shən)
n.
The circular movement of a limb such that the distal end of the limb delineates an arc.

[Latin circumductiō, circumductiōn-, act of leading around, from circumductus, past participle of circumdūcere, to lead around : circum-, circum- + dūcere, to lead; see deuk- in Indo-European roots.]

circumduction

(ˌsɜːkəmˈdʌkʃən)
n
1. the action of turning anything on its axis
2. the action of leading on a circuitous course
3. Scots law the sentence of declaring the time period over for giving evidence
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.circumduction - a circular movement of a limb or eye
movement, motility, motion, move - a change of position that does not entail a change of location; "the reflex motion of his eyebrows revealed his surprise"; "movement is a sign of life"; "an impatient move of his hand"; "gastrointestinal motility"
Translations

cir·cum·duc·tion

n. circunducción, movimiento circular de una parte del cuerpo tal como el ojo o alguna extremidad.
References in periodicals archive ?
11) Typical findings include pain with palpation directly over the dorsoradial aspect of the CMC joint and pain with axial loading and upon circumduction during a Grind test of the CMC joint.
For the wrist, wrist stabilization for grip in elbow extension and flexion positions, wrist flexion and extension movement while clenching the hand, and circumduction were tested.
67% Total 30 100% Pronation > 50 27 90% < 50 3 10% Total 30 100% Circumduction + 26 86.
Due to the unilateral nature of the paralysis, balance is of paramount concern for stroke patients, as they struggle with both upper and lower body posture [33], Additionally, patients after stroke often exhibit hemiplegic gait during which hip hike and circumduction of the affected leg is produced to compensate for drop foot abnormality, thus increasing the single leg stance phase, decreasing stability, and increasing likelihood of falls [50,16].
Individuals with greater sensorimotor impairment may engage compensatory movements, such as hip hiking and lower-limb circumduction, to facilitate swinging the paretic limb forward [35].
Gait testing was remarkable with mild right leg circumduction during ambulation.
The legs appear to move in a circular pattern, such as an alternating circumduction of the hips that is accompanied by knee flexion/extension and medial to lateral rotation.
Because ankle dorsiflexion is required for normal foot clearance during the swing limb advancement phase of gait, this impairment contributes to compensatory limb advancement strategies such as circumduction, reduced gait speed, and increased energy consumption compared to the normal gait pattern.
In birds, the radius and ulna articulate with each other in a drawing parallel mechanism, which enables passive coordination of the elbow and the wrist as well as synchronization of wing flexion and extension; it might also function to automate circumduction motions of the wing during flapping flight.