Furthermore, the improvements in RPDS reported in both the ASPIRE and AGENT clinical studies are similar in magnitude to large vessel revascularization procedures, either bypass surgery or angioplasty (PCI), involving the right coronary artery (RCA), the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and the left circumflex artery
(LCx), as reported in patients undergoing these procedures[Berman et al.
The left main coronary artery differs in the length before the left anterior descending artery (LDA) and left circumflex artery
(LCX) branches arise from it.
The diameter of LAA orifice; the distances between the orifices of left superior pulmonary veins, left anterior descending (LAD) artery, circumflex artery
, mitral valve, oval fossa and LAA orifices were measured.
One vessel disease is defined as narrowing in an each major artery coronary artery such as left anterior descending (LAD) artery, the left circumflex artery
(LCx), or the right coronary artery (RCA).
The patient underwent 23 mm St Jude Trifecta (St Jude Medical, Inc, St Paul, USA) bioprosthetic aortic valve replacement and triple coronary artery bypass grafting (left internal mammary artery to left anterior descending artery, saphenous vein grafts to first marginal circumflex artery
and right posterior descending artery).
We used Smith Peterson approach to dislocate the femoral head anteriorly, thereby avoiding injury to medial femoral circumflex artery
and its branches.
The arterial constrictions in the right coronary artery and circumflex artery
were removed by percutaneous balloon angioplasty and two cardiac stents a cardiac pacemaker were implanted.
4) The left coronary system comprises the left main artery, which bifurcates into the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and the left circumflex artery
One also should be cognizant of the fact that placement of robotic port 3 in the lateral abdominal wall introduces the risk of a rarely observed complication of gynecologic laparoscopy: injury of the deep circumflex artery
and vein (stemming from the external iliac artery and vein).
The left circumflex artery
was totally occluded proximally, and the right was 90% narrowed in its mid-portion.
The vascularization of the femoral nerve in the dog is supplied by small vessels coming from the superficial iliac circumflex artery
and the lateral circumflex femoral artery, both of them collaterals of the femoral artery.
If an entry point inferior to the teres minor muscle (through the quadrangular space) is used, other potential risks are contact with the axillary nerve and the posterior humeral circumflex artery