circumstance


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to circumstance: Pomp and Circumstance

cir·cum·stance

 (sûr′kəm-stăns′)
n.
1. A condition or fact attending an event and having some bearing on it; a determining or modifying factor: set out a day early because of favorable circumstances.
2. The sum of determining factors beyond willful control: a victim of circumstance.
3. circumstances Financial status or means: "Prior came of a good family, much reduced in circumstances" (George Sherburn).
4. Formal display; ceremony: the pomp and circumstance of a coronation.
5. A particular incident or occurrence: Your arrival was a fortunate circumstance.
tr.v. cir·cum·stanced, cir·cum·stanc·ing, cir·cum·stanc·es
To place in particular circumstances or conditions; situate.
Idioms:
under no circumstances
In no case; never.
under/in the circumstances
Given these conditions; such being the case.

[Middle English, from Old French circonstance, from Latin circumstantia, from circumstāns, circumstant-, present participle of circumstāre, to stand around : circum-, circum- + stāre, to stand; see stā- in Indo-European roots.]

circumstance

(ˈsɜːkəmstəns)
n
1. (usually plural) a condition of time, place, etc, that accompanies or influences an event or condition
2. an incident or occurrence, esp a chance one
3. accessory information or detail
4. formal display or ceremony (archaic except in the phrase pomp and circumstance)
5. under no circumstances in no circumstances in no case; never
6. under the circumstances because of conditions; this being the case
7. in bad circumstances (of a person) in a bad financial situation
8. in good circumstances (of a person) in a good financial situation
vb (tr)
9. to place in a particular condition or situation
10. obsolete to give in detail
[C13: from Old French circonstance, from Latin circumstantia, from circumstāre to stand around, from circum- + stāre to stand]

cir•cum•stance

(ˈsɜr kəmˌstæns; esp. Brit. -stəns)

n., v. -stanced, -stanc•ing. n.
1. a condition or attribute that accompanies, determines, or modifies a fact or event; an accessory or influencing factor.
2. Usu., circumstances. the existing conditions or state of affairs surrounding and affecting an agent: Circumstances permitting, we sail on Monday.
3. circumstances, the condition or state of a person with respect to income and material welfare: a family in reduced circumstances.
4. an incident or occurrence: His arrival was a fortunate circumstance.
5. detailed or circuitous narration.
6. ceremonious accompaniment or display: pomp and circumstance.
v.t.
7. to place in particular circumstances or relations.
8. Obs.
a. to furnish with details.
b. to control or guide by circumstances.
Idioms:
1. under or in the circumstances, because of prevailing conditions.
2. under no circumstances, never, regardless of events or conditions.
[1175–1225; Middle English < Latin circumstantia <circumstant-, s. of circumstāns, present participle of circumstāre to stand round (circum- circum- + stāre to stand)]

circumstance

- Literally "that which stands around (something)."
See also related terms for stands.

circumstance


Past participle: circumstanced
Gerund: circumstancing

Imperative
circumstance
circumstance
Present
I circumstance
you circumstance
he/she/it circumstances
we circumstance
you circumstance
they circumstance
Preterite
I circumstanced
you circumstanced
he/she/it circumstanced
we circumstanced
you circumstanced
they circumstanced
Present Continuous
I am circumstancing
you are circumstancing
he/she/it is circumstancing
we are circumstancing
you are circumstancing
they are circumstancing
Present Perfect
I have circumstanced
you have circumstanced
he/she/it has circumstanced
we have circumstanced
you have circumstanced
they have circumstanced
Past Continuous
I was circumstancing
you were circumstancing
he/she/it was circumstancing
we were circumstancing
you were circumstancing
they were circumstancing
Past Perfect
I had circumstanced
you had circumstanced
he/she/it had circumstanced
we had circumstanced
you had circumstanced
they had circumstanced
Future
I will circumstance
you will circumstance
he/she/it will circumstance
we will circumstance
you will circumstance
they will circumstance
Future Perfect
I will have circumstanced
you will have circumstanced
he/she/it will have circumstanced
we will have circumstanced
you will have circumstanced
they will have circumstanced
Future Continuous
I will be circumstancing
you will be circumstancing
he/she/it will be circumstancing
we will be circumstancing
you will be circumstancing
they will be circumstancing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been circumstancing
you have been circumstancing
he/she/it has been circumstancing
we have been circumstancing
you have been circumstancing
they have been circumstancing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been circumstancing
you will have been circumstancing
he/she/it will have been circumstancing
we will have been circumstancing
you will have been circumstancing
they will have been circumstancing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been circumstancing
you had been circumstancing
he/she/it had been circumstancing
we had been circumstancing
you had been circumstancing
they had been circumstancing
Conditional
I would circumstance
you would circumstance
he/she/it would circumstance
we would circumstance
you would circumstance
they would circumstance
Past Conditional
I would have circumstanced
you would have circumstanced
he/she/it would have circumstanced
we would have circumstanced
you would have circumstanced
they would have circumstanced
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.circumstance - a condition that accompanies or influences some event or activity
condition, status - a state at a particular time; "a condition (or state) of disrepair"; "the current status of the arms negotiations"
case, event - a special set of circumstances; "in that event, the first possibility is excluded"; "it may rain in which case the picnic will be canceled"
hinge - a circumstance upon which subsequent events depend; "his absence is the hinge of our plan"
playing field - the circumstances under which competition occurs; "the government's objective is to insure a genuinely level playing field for American industry and commerce in Europe"
2.circumstance - the set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation or event; "the historical context"
conditions - the set of circumstances that affect someone's welfare; "hazardous working conditions"; "harsh living conditions"
conditions - the prevailing context that influences the performance or the outcome of a process; "there were wide variations in the conditions of observation"
environment - the totality of surrounding conditions; "he longed for the comfortable environment of his living room"
3.circumstance - information that should be kept in mind when making a decision; "another consideration is the time it would take"
information - knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction
justification - something (such as a fact or circumstance) that shows an action to be reasonable or necessary; "he considered misrule a justification for revolution"
mitigating circumstance - (law) a circumstance that does not exonerate a person but which reduces the penalty associated with the offense
4.circumstance - formal ceremony about important occasions; "pomp and circumstance"
ceremonial, ceremonial occasion, ceremony, observance - a formal event performed on a special occasion; "a ceremony commemorating Pearl Harbor"

circumstance

noun
1. (usually plural) situation, condition, scenario, contingency, state of affairs, lie of the land They say they will never, under any circumstances, be the first to use force.
2. (usually plural) detail, fact, event, particular, respect, factor I'm making inquiries about the circumstances of her murder.
3. (usually plural) situation, state, means, position, station, resources, status, lifestyle help and support for the single mother, whatever her circumstances
4. chance, the times, accident, fortune, luck, fate, destiny, misfortune, providence These people are innocent victims of circumstance.

circumstance

noun
1. Existing surroundings that affect an activity.Often used in plural:
condition (used in plural), environment.
Slang: scene.
2. One of the conditions or facts attending an event and having some bearing on it:
3. Something that happens:
4. Something significant that happens:
Translations
okolnost
forholdomstændighed
asianhaaraolosuhteetolotseikkavarallisuus
okolnost
körülmény
kringumstæðurkringumstæîur
aplinkybės
apstāklisgadījums
okolnosť
omständighet

circumstance

[ˈsɜːkəmstəns] (usu pl) N
1.circunstancia f
in or under the circumstancesen or dadas las circunstancias
under no circumstancesde ninguna manera, bajo ningún concepto
owing to circumstances beyond our controldebido a circunstancias ajenas a nuestra voluntad
circumstances alter caseslas circunstancias cambian los casos
were it not for the circumstance thatsi no se diera la circunstancia de que ...
a victim of circumstanceuna víctima de las circunstancias
see also pomp
2. (= economic situation) to be in easy/poor circumstancesestar en buena/mala situación económica
what are your circumstances?¿cuál es su situación económica?
if the family circumstances allow itsi lo permite la situación económica de la familia

circumstance

[ˈsɜːrkəmstæns] n
(= situation) → situation f
political circumstances → la situation politique
economic circumstances (= conditions) (in country, economy)la situation économique
the political and economic circumstances that exist in Ireland → la situation politique et économique que l'on a en Irlande
in terrible circumstances → dans de terribles circonstances
under happier circumstances → dans des circonstances plus gaies
in the circumstances, under the circumstances → dans ces circonstances
in these circumstances (= in such a situation) → dans ces circonstances
under certain circumstances (= in some situations) → dans certains cas
under any circumstances (= in all situations) → en toutes circonstances
not under any circumstances, under no circumstances → en aucun cas
(surrounding a particular event) the circumstances of sth → les circonstances de qch
(= chance) by circumstance → par la force des choses
to be the victim of circumstance → être victime des circonstances, être la victime des circonstances
(= financial situation) circumstances [person] → situation f financière
whatever their circumstances → quelle que soit leur situation financière

circumstance

n
Umstand m; in or under the circumstancesunter diesen Umständen; in or under no circumstancesunter gar keinen Umständen, auf keinen Fall; in certain circumstancesunter Umständen, eventuell; what were the circumstances surrounding the case?wie waren die näheren Umstände des Falls?; a victim of circumstanceein Opfer ntder Umstände; he was forced by circumstance to do itdie Umstände zwangen ihn, es zu tun
circumstances pl (= financial condition)finanzielle Verhältnisse pl, → Umstände pl (form); in poor circumstancesin ärmlichen Verhältnissen

circumstance

(ˈsəːkəmstӕns) noun
a condition (time, place etc) connected with an event. In the circumstances, I don't see what else I could have done.
References in classic literature ?
Subsequent experiences with rattlesnakes taught me that my first encounter was fortunate in circumstance.
It is a circumstance worthy of observation, that while all America rang with his well-merited reputation, his name does not occur in any European account of the battle; at least the author has searched for it without success.
Nevertheless, by some feminine inconsistency, evidently the circumstance did make them think more of HIM, for a minute later, when they had reentered their own room, Christie remarked, "The idea of petting a man by his family name
One inauspicious circumstance there was, which awakened a hardly concealed displeasure in the breasts of a few of the more punctilious visitors.
It was a folly, with the materiality of this daily life pressing so intrusively upon me, to attempt to fling myself back into another age, or to insist on creating the semblance of a world out of airy matter, when, at every moment, the impalpable beauty of my soap-bubble was broken by the rude contact of some actual circumstance.
The only thing indeed that in this early outlook might have made me shrink again was the clear circumstance of her being so glad to see me.
When I was a child, I well remember a somewhat similar circumstance that befell me; whether it was a reality or a dream, I never could entirely settle.
But strangest of all is the circumstance, that in more instances than one, when the body has been recovered, not a single mark of violence is discernible; the man being stark dead.
Jennings was desirous of her feeling; for besides that the circumstance did not in her opinion justify such lasting amazement or variety of speculation, her wonder was otherwise disposed of.
She has also extensive commerce with Portugal, Spain, and Britain, and, with respect to the two latter, has, in addition, the circumstance of neighborhood to attend to.
Owing to this circumstance, I was fortunately a witness of all that passed in her interview with her lover.
But when a week passed and the seat at the desk near the door still remained vacant, and when no allusion was made to the circumstance by any individual of the class--when, on the contrary, I found that all observed a marked silence on the point--I determined, COUTE QUI COUTE, to break the ice of this silly reserve.