Smell training consisted of twice-daily exposure to four intense odors (phenylethyl alcohol, eucalyptol, citronellal
, and eugenol).
2006) who also reported the insect killing activity of eucalyptus oils against Varroa which has been owed to the constituents such as citronellyl acetate, eucamalol, 1, 8-cineole, p-cymene, citronellal
, limonene and citro-nellol.
Ten compounds were identified, being the citronellal
innermis (Lilliaceae) Lycium gharqad Lycium shawii (Solanaceae Bitter apple handal Citrullus colocynthis (Cucurbitaceae) Spurge tree Labna Euphorbia larica (Tuphorbiaceae) Rubber bush shakr Calotropis procera Camel weed (Asclepicfaceae) Thorn apple/ Mazi Solatium incanum N ight shade (Solanaceae) Ginger Zanjabil Zingiber officinale (Zingiberaceae) Angels trumpet Tatorah Datura metel (Solanaceae) Namaqua fig Tha'ab Ficus cordata (Moraceae) Red thorn Thbeean Acacia gerardii (Fabaceae) Khejri Ghaf Prosopis cineraria (Fabaceae) Dates Nakhleh Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae) Caralluma Qahr al-luhum Carallumaflava (Asclepidaceae) Name of the Major chemical Uses herb constituents Rose water Citronellal
, geraniol, Astringent, cardiac methyl euginol, linalool, and cephalic tonic.
Tenders are invited for Procurement of HYDROXY CITRONELLAL
8-cineole, linalool, bornyl acetate, citronellal
, eugenol, geranyl acetate, nerol, [beta]-caryophyllene were purchased from Aldrich Company, USA.
Larvicidal properties of citronellal
and Cymbopogon nardus essential oils from two different localities.
Depending on the origin and type of manufacturing method of rose water obtained from the sepals and petals of Rosa damascena from Central Iran through steam distillation, the following monoterpenoid and alkane components could be identified with GC-MS: Mostly citronellal
, nonadecane, geraniol and phenyl ethyl alcohol, and also henicosane, 9nonadecen,eicosane, linalool, citronellyl .
officinalis (diploid, 2n = 32 chromosomes, no or only few hairs on the leaf blades, typical lemon-like fragrance caused by citronellal
, geranial and neral), (II) ssp.
The researchers concluded that the acyclic monoterpenes, such as myrcene, linalool, citronellol and citronellal
, tend to modulate the opioid system as well as decreasing the release of NO.
However, the main chemical constituents of the crude extract and oil from Cymbopogon spp are alpha- cubebene, camphene, citronellal
, geraniol, limonene, palmitic acid and sabinene (4).
Rendle (citronella), native to Ceylon, known for the repellent power of its essential oil rich in citronellal