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 (sĭt′ərn) also cith·ern (sĭth′ərn, sĭth′-)
A 16th-century guitar with a flat, pear-shaped body.

[Perhaps blend of Latin cithara, cithara; see cithara, and obsolete English gittern (from Middle English, from Old French guiterne, from Latin cithara).]


(ˈsɪtɜːn) ,




(Instruments) a medieval stringed instrument resembling a lute but having wire strings and a flat back. Compare gittern
[C16: perhaps a blend of cither + gittern]


(ˈsɪt ərn)

an old musical instrument related to the guitar, having a flat, pear-shaped soundbox and wire strings.
[1550–60; perhaps b. Latin cithara kithara and Middle French guiterne gittern]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cittern - a 16th century musical instrument resembling a guitar with a pear-shaped soundbox and wire stringscittern - a 16th century musical instrument resembling a guitar with a pear-shaped soundbox and wire strings
guitar - a stringed instrument usually having six strings; played by strumming or plucking
References in classic literature ?
It chanced that out of one of the bundles there stuck the end of what the clerk saw to be a cittern, so drawing it forth, he tuned it up and twanged a harmony to the merry lilt which the dancers played.
With their combined talents on guitar, Cooper sings and plays his own arrangements of traditional songs and tunes on six-string guitar and cittern.
Idlewild frontman Woomble will be on vocals while Drever is on guitar and vocals and McCusker plays the fiddle, cittern and whistle.
They also play cornett, saggbut, and curtal, flutes, recorders great and small, crumhorns, bagpipes, hurdy-gurdies, lute and cittern.
Featuring 30 dancers, an Irish band and the Tenors (soon to have their own American public television series), the show is packed with colourful Celtic costumes and unusual, rare and traditional musical instruments - Celtic bouzouki, cittern, octave mandolin, melodeon, tin whistle, harps, fiddles and more.
The musicians, most of whom have performed with Knopfler for years, are Guy Fletcher (keyboards), Richard Bennett (guitar), Jim Cox (piano), Mike McGoldrick (whistle and flute), John McCusker (fiddle and cittern - a Renaissance-period stringed instrument), Glenn Worf (bass) and Ian Thomas (drums).
Many of the traditional oerings date back through the ages, with the likes of the stringed cittern back in demand for the rst time since its heyday in the English barber shops of the Renaissance.
300 Gems of Irish Music For All Instruments" is a widely varied, carefully sampled collection of familiar Irish tunes for traditional Irish instruments, including fiddle, flute, tin whistle, uilleann pipes, harp, button accordion, piano accordion, melodeon, concertina, harmonica, tenor banjo, mandolin, bouzouki, cittern, guitar and hammer dulcimer.
Sylvain Barou, who is considered as one of the best flute players of his generation, will be joined by Ronan Pellen on the cittern and Julien Stevenin on the double bass.
In 1990 he joined Wolfstone where he played guitar, cittern, whistle, mandola and pipes as well as providing lead vocals.