civil


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Related to civil: Civil services

civ·il

 (sĭv′əl)
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or befitting a citizen or citizens: civil duties.
2. Of or relating to citizens and their interrelations with one another or with the state: government agencies concerned with civil affairs.
3. Of ordinary citizens or ordinary community life as distinguished from the military or the ecclesiastical: married in a civil ceremony at city hall.
4. Sufficiently observing or befitting accepted social usages; polite: a civil reply. See Synonyms at polite.
5. Being in accordance with or denoting legally recognized divisions of time: a civil year.
6. Law Relating to the rights of private individuals and legal proceedings concerning these rights as distinguished from criminal, military, or international regulations or proceedings.

[Middle English, from Latin cīvīlis, from cīvis, citizen; see civic.]

civ′il·ly adv.

civil

(ˈsɪvəl)
adj
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) of the ordinary life of citizens as distinguished from military, legal, or ecclesiastical affairs
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) of or relating to the citizen as an individual: civil rights.
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) of or occurring within the state or between citizens: civil strife.
4. polite or courteous
5. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a less common word for civic
6. (Human Geography) a less common word for civic
7. (Law) of or in accordance with Roman law
8. (Law) relating to the private rights of citizens
[C14: from Old French, from Latin cīvīlis, from cīvis citizen]
ˈcivilly adv
ˈcivilness n

civ•il

(ˈsɪv əl)

adj.
1. of, pertaining to, or consisting of citizens: civil life; civil society.
2. of the commonwealth or state: civil affairs.
3. of the ordinary life and affairs of citizens, as distinguished from military and ecclesiastical life and affairs.
4. befitting a citizen: a civil duty.
5. of, or in a condition of, social order or organized government; civilized.
6. adhering to the norms of polite social intercourse: civil relations.
7. marked by benevolence: He was a very civil sort.
8. (of divisions of time) legally recognized in the ordinary affairs of life: the civil year.
9. of or pertaining to civil law.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin cīvīlis=cīv(is) citizen + -īlis -ile2]
civ′il•ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.civil - applying to ordinary citizens as contrasted with the military; "civil authorities"
civilian - associated with civil life or performed by persons who are not active members of the military; "civilian clothing"; "civilian life"
2.civil - not rude; marked by satisfactory (or especially minimal) adherence to social usages and sufficient but not noteworthy consideration for others; "even if he didn't like them he should have been civil"- W.S. Maugham
uncivil, rude - lacking civility or good manners; "want nothing from you but to get away from your uncivil tongue"- Willa Cather
3.civil - of or occurring within the state or between or among citizens of the state; "civil affairs"; "civil strife"; "civil disobedience"; "civil branches of government"
4.civil - of or relating to or befitting citizens as individuals; "civil rights"; "civil liberty"; "civic duties"; "civic pride"
5.civil - (of divisions of time) legally recognized in ordinary affairs of life; "the civil calendar"; "a civil day begins at mean midnight"
sidereal - (of divisions of time) determined by daily motion of the stars; "sidereal time"
6.civil - of or in a condition of social order; "civil peoples"
civilised, civilized - having a high state of culture and development both social and technological; "terrorist acts that shocked the civilized world"

civil

adjective
1. civic, home, political, domestic, interior, municipal This civil unrest threatens the economy.
civic state, military, religious

civil

adjective
1. Of, concerning, or affecting the community or the people:
2. Characterized by good manners:
Translations
قانون مَدَنيلَيْسَ عَسْكَرِيّا أو دينِيّا، مَدَنيمَدَنيمُهَذَّب، لَطيف، مُؤَدَّب
civilníobčanskýzdvořilý
borger-civilcivil-høfligkultiveret
polgár-
borgaralegurborgaralegur, òegnlegureinkamála-kurteis, siîaîur
civilinė gynybaciviliniscivilispasaulietiškaspilietinės teisės
civilslaipnspieklājīgspilsoņu-
civilný
državljanskivljuden

civil

[ˈsɪvl]
A. ADJ
1. (= societal) [strife, conflict] → civil; [unrest] → social
2. (= not military) [aviation, ship] → civil
3. (= not religious) [ceremony, service, marriage] → civil
4. (Jur) (= not criminal) [case, action, proceedings, charge] → civil; [penalty] → por infracción de la ley; [court] → de lo Civil
5. (= polite) [person] → cortés, atento; [behaviour] → cortés
to be civil to sbser cortés or atento con algn
that's very civil of youes usted muy amable
see also tongue
B. CPD Civil Aviation Authority NAviación f Civil
civil defence, civil defense (US) Ndefensa f civil
civil disobedience Ndesobediencia f civil
civil engineer Ningeniero/a m/f civil, ingeniero/a m/f de caminos (canales y puertos) (Sp)
civil engineering Ningeniería f civil, ingeniería f de caminos (canales y puertos) (Sp)
civil law Nderecho m civil
civil liberties Nlibertades fpl civiles
civil list N (Brit) presupuesto de la casa real aprobado por el parlamento
civil marriage Nmatrimonio m civil
civil rights Nderechos mpl civiles
civil rights leaderdefensor(a) m/f de los derechos civiles
civil rights movement Nmovimiento m pro derechos civiles
civil servant Nfuncionario/a m/f (del Estado)
Civil Service Nadministración f pública
civil status Nestado m civil
civil war Nguerra f civil
the American Civil Warla guerra de Secesión
civil wedding Nboda f civil

civil

[ˈsɪvəl] adj
[unrest, strife] → civil(e)
(= non-military) → civil(e)
(= civilized) [society] → civil(e)
(= polite) → poli(e), civil(e)
to be civil to sb → être poli(e) envers qnCivil Aviation Authority n (British)Direction f générale de l'aviation civilecivil defence (British) civil defense (US)
ndéfense f passive
modif [exercise, official, organization] → de défense passivecivil disobedience ndésobéissance f civile, résistance f passivecivil engineer ningénieur(e) mf des bâtiments et travaux publics, ingénieur(e) mf du génie civilcivil engineering ngénie m civil

civil

adj
(= of society)bürgerlich; dutiesstaatsbürgerlich, Bürger-; unrest, conflictin der Bevölkerung
(= polite)höflich; (in behaviour also) → aufmerksam, zuvorkommend; to be civil to somebodyhöflich zu jdm sein; cigar? — very civil of youZigarre? — sehr zuvorkommend (von Ihnen)
(Jur) → zivilrechtlich
(= civilian) aircraft, aviationzivil

civil

:
Civil Aviation Authority
nBehörde ffür Zivilluftfahrt
civil ceremony
nstandesamtliche Hochzeit; to get married in a civilstandesamtlich heiraten
civil defence, (US) civil defense
nZivilschutz m; civil workerBeauftragte(r) mfdes Zivilschutzes
civil disobedience
nziviler Ungehorsam; civil campaignKampagne ffür zivilen Ungehorsam
civil engineer
nBauingenieur(in) m(f)
civil engineering
nHoch- und Tiefbau m

civil

:
civil law
nZivilrecht nt, → bürgerliches Recht
civil liberty
nBürgerrecht nt; civil liberties groupBürgerrechtsgruppe f
civil list
nZivilliste f

civil

:
civil marriage
nstandesamtliche Trauung, Ziviltrauung f
civil rights
pl(staats)bürgerliche Rechte pl
attr march, campaign, demonstrationBürgerrechts-
civil servant
n˜ Staatsbeamte(r) m, → Staatsbeamtin f
civil service
n˜ Staatsdienst m (ohne Richter und Lehrer); (= civil servants collectively)Beamtenschaft f
civil union
ngleichgeschlechtliche Ehe
civil war
nBürgerkrieg m

civil

[ˈsɪvl] adj
a. (war, law, marriage) → civile
b. (polite) → educato/a, gentile

civil

(ˈsivl) adjective
1. polite, courteous.
2. of the state or community. civil rights.
3. ordinary; not military or religious. civil life.
4. concerned with law cases which are not criminal.
civilian (siˈviljən) noun
a person who has a civil job, not in the armed forces.
civility (siˈviləti) noun
politeness. Treat strangers with civility.
ˈcivilly adverb
politely.
ˌcivil deˈfence noun
(American civil defense) the organization responsible for protection of civilians from enemy bombing etc and for rescue operations after such attacks.
ˌcivil disoˈbedience noun
a refusal by a large number of people to pay taxes or obey certain laws in a nonviolent way in order to protest against the government, its policies etc.
civil engineerengineercivil liberties/rights
the rights of a citizen according to the law of the country.
civil servant
a member of the civil service.
civil service
the organization which runs the administration of a state.
civil war
(a) war between citizens of the same state. the American Civil War.
References in classic literature ?
I don't want you to do anything but be civil to him and help to the pudding.
The car- penter, who had been a soldier in the Civil War, came into the writer's room and sat down to talk of building a platform for the purpose of raising the bed.
He was a mild, flurried old man, a Civil War veteran, with one sleeve hanging empty.
A large, civil cocked hat, like those worn by clergymen within the last thirty years, surmounted the whole, furnishing dignity to a good-natured and somewhat vacant countenance, that apparently needed such artificial aid, to support the gravity of some high and extraordinary trust.
I certainly am," answered Phoebe, and added, with a little air of lady-like assumption (for, civil as the gentleman was, he evidently took her to be a young person serving for wages), "I am a cousin of Miss Hepzibah, on a visit to her.
From the loftiest point of its roof, during precisely three and a half hours of each forenoon, floats or droops, in breeze or calm, the banner of the republic; but with the thirteen stripes turned vertically, instead of horizontally, and thus indicating that a civil, and not a military, post of Uncle Sam's government is here established.
The scene had a greatness that made it a different affair from my own scant home, and there immediately appeared at the door, with a little girl in her hand, a civil person who dropped me as decent a curtsy as if I had been the mistress or a distinguished visitor.
He really did this in not only a civil but a really kind and charitable way.
If he had been civil I would have tried to bear it.
There was the police department, and the fire and water departments, and the whole balance of the civil list, from the meanest office boy to the head of a city department; and for the horde who could find no room in these, there was the world of vice and crime, there was license to seduce, to swindle and plunder and prey.
Paley, a common authority with many on moral questions, in his chapter on the "Duty of Submission to Civil Government," resolves all civil obligation into expediency; and he proceeds to say that "so long as the interest of the whole society requires it, that it, so long as the established government cannot be resisted or changed without public inconveniencey, it is the will of God.
I could remember how it was in the time of our great civil war in the nineteenth cen- tury.