civil


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Related to civil: Civil services

civ·il

 (sĭv′əl)
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or befitting a citizen or citizens: civil duties.
2. Of or relating to citizens and their interrelations with one another or with the state: government agencies concerned with civil affairs.
3. Of ordinary citizens or ordinary community life as distinguished from the military or the ecclesiastical: married in a civil ceremony at city hall.
4. Sufficiently observing or befitting accepted social usages; polite: a civil reply. See Synonyms at polite.
5. Being in accordance with or denoting legally recognized divisions of time: a civil year.
6. Law Relating to the rights of private individuals and legal proceedings concerning these rights as distinguished from criminal, military, or international regulations or proceedings.

[Middle English, from Latin cīvīlis, from cīvis, citizen; see civic.]

civ′il·ly adv.

civil

(ˈsɪvəl)
adj
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) of the ordinary life of citizens as distinguished from military, legal, or ecclesiastical affairs
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) of or relating to the citizen as an individual: civil rights.
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) of or occurring within the state or between citizens: civil strife.
4. polite or courteous
5. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a less common word for civic
6. (Human Geography) a less common word for civic
7. (Law) of or in accordance with Roman law
8. (Law) relating to the private rights of citizens
[C14: from Old French, from Latin cīvīlis, from cīvis citizen]
ˈcivilly adv
ˈcivilness n

civ•il

(ˈsɪv əl)

adj.
1. of, pertaining to, or consisting of citizens: civil life; civil society.
2. of the commonwealth or state: civil affairs.
3. of the ordinary life and affairs of citizens, as distinguished from military and ecclesiastical life and affairs.
4. befitting a citizen: a civil duty.
5. of, or in a condition of, social order or organized government; civilized.
6. adhering to the norms of polite social intercourse: civil relations.
7. marked by benevolence: He was a very civil sort.
8. (of divisions of time) legally recognized in the ordinary affairs of life: the civil year.
9. of or pertaining to civil law.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin cīvīlis=cīv(is) citizen + -īlis -ile2]
civ′il•ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.civil - applying to ordinary citizens as contrasted with the military; "civil authorities"
civilian - associated with civil life or performed by persons who are not active members of the military; "civilian clothing"; "civilian life"
2.civil - not rude; marked by satisfactory (or especially minimal) adherence to social usages and sufficient but not noteworthy consideration for others; "even if he didn't like them he should have been civil"- W.S. Maugham
uncivil, rude - lacking civility or good manners; "want nothing from you but to get away from your uncivil tongue"- Willa Cather
3.civil - of or occurring within the state or between or among citizens of the state; "civil affairs"; "civil strife"; "civil disobedience"; "civil branches of government"
4.civil - of or relating to or befitting citizens as individuals; "civil rights"; "civil liberty"; "civic duties"; "civic pride"
5.civil - (of divisions of time) legally recognized in ordinary affairs of life; "the civil calendar"; "a civil day begins at mean midnight"
sidereal - (of divisions of time) determined by daily motion of the stars; "sidereal time"
6.civil - of or in a condition of social order; "civil peoples"
civilised, civilized - having a high state of culture and development both social and technological; "terrorist acts that shocked the civilized world"

civil

adjective
1. civic, home, political, domestic, interior, municipal This civil unrest threatens the economy.
civic state, military, religious

civil

adjective
1. Of, concerning, or affecting the community or the people:
2. Characterized by good manners:
Translations
قانون مَدَنيلَيْسَ عَسْكَرِيّا أو دينِيّا، مَدَنيمَدَنيمُهَذَّب، لَطيف، مُؤَدَّب
civilníobčanskýzdvořilý
borger-civilcivil-høfligkultiveret
polgár-
borgaralegurborgaralegur, òegnlegureinkamála-kurteis, siîaîur
civilinė gynybaciviliniscivilispasaulietiškaspilietinės teisės
civilslaipnspieklājīgspilsoņu-
civilný
državljanskivljuden

civil

[ˈsɪvl]
A. ADJ
1. (= societal) [strife, conflict] → civil; [unrest] → social
2. (= not military) [aviation, ship] → civil
3. (= not religious) [ceremony, service, marriage] → civil
4. (Jur) (= not criminal) [case, action, proceedings, charge] → civil; [penalty] → por infracción de la ley; [court] → de lo Civil
5. (= polite) [person] → cortés, atento; [behaviour] → cortés
to be civil to sbser cortés or atento con algn
that's very civil of youes usted muy amable
see also tongue
B. CPD Civil Aviation Authority NAviación f Civil
civil defence, civil defense (US) Ndefensa f civil
civil disobedience Ndesobediencia f civil
civil engineer Ningeniero/a m/f civil, ingeniero/a m/f de caminos (canales y puertos) (Sp)
civil engineering Ningeniería f civil, ingeniería f de caminos (canales y puertos) (Sp)
civil law Nderecho m civil
civil liberties Nlibertades fpl civiles
civil list N (Brit) presupuesto de la casa real aprobado por el parlamento
civil marriage Nmatrimonio m civil
civil rights Nderechos mpl civiles
civil rights leaderdefensor(a) m/f de los derechos civiles
civil rights movement Nmovimiento m pro derechos civiles
civil servant Nfuncionario/a m/f (del Estado)
Civil Service Nadministración f pública
civil status Nestado m civil
civil war Nguerra f civil
the American Civil Warla guerra de Secesión
civil wedding Nboda f civil

civil

[ˈsɪvəl] adj
[unrest, strife] → civil(e)
(= non-military) → civil(e)
(= civilized) [society] → civil(e)
(= polite) → poli(e), civil(e)
to be civil to sb → être poli(e) envers qnCivil Aviation Authority n (British)Direction f générale de l'aviation civilecivil defence (British) civil defense (US)
ndéfense f passive
modif [exercise, official, organization] → de défense passivecivil disobedience ndésobéissance f civile, résistance f passivecivil engineer ningénieur(e) mf des bâtiments et travaux publics, ingénieur(e) mf du génie civilcivil engineering ngénie m civil

civil

adj
(= of society)bürgerlich; dutiesstaatsbürgerlich, Bürger-; unrest, conflictin der Bevölkerung
(= polite)höflich; (in behaviour also) → aufmerksam, zuvorkommend; to be civil to somebodyhöflich zu jdm sein; cigar? — very civil of youZigarre? — sehr zuvorkommend (von Ihnen)
(Jur) → zivilrechtlich
(= civilian) aircraft, aviationzivil

civil

:
Civil Aviation Authority
nBehörde ffür Zivilluftfahrt
civil ceremony
nstandesamtliche Hochzeit; to get married in a civilstandesamtlich heiraten
civil defence, (US) civil defense
nZivilschutz m; civil workerBeauftragte(r) mfdes Zivilschutzes
civil disobedience
nziviler Ungehorsam; civil campaignKampagne ffür zivilen Ungehorsam
civil engineer
nBauingenieur(in) m(f)
civil engineering
nHoch- und Tiefbau m

civil

:
civil law
nZivilrecht nt, → bürgerliches Recht
civil liberty
nBürgerrecht nt; civil liberties groupBürgerrechtsgruppe f
civil list
nZivilliste f

civil

:
civil marriage
nstandesamtliche Trauung, Ziviltrauung f
civil rights
pl(staats)bürgerliche Rechte pl
attr march, campaign, demonstrationBürgerrechts-
civil servant
n˜ Staatsbeamte(r) m, → Staatsbeamtin f
civil service
n˜ Staatsdienst m (ohne Richter und Lehrer); (= civil servants collectively)Beamtenschaft f
civil union
ngleichgeschlechtliche Ehe
civil war
nBürgerkrieg m

civil

[ˈsɪvl] adj
a. (war, law, marriage) → civile
b. (polite) → educato/a, gentile

civil

(ˈsivl) adjective
1. polite, courteous.
2. of the state or community. civil rights.
3. ordinary; not military or religious. civil life.
4. concerned with law cases which are not criminal.
civilian (siˈviljən) noun
a person who has a civil job, not in the armed forces.
civility (siˈviləti) noun
politeness. Treat strangers with civility.
ˈcivilly adverb
politely.
ˌcivil deˈfence noun
(American civil defense) the organization responsible for protection of civilians from enemy bombing etc and for rescue operations after such attacks.
ˌcivil disoˈbedience noun
a refusal by a large number of people to pay taxes or obey certain laws in a nonviolent way in order to protest against the government, its policies etc.
civil engineerengineercivil liberties/rights
the rights of a citizen according to the law of the country.
civil servant
a member of the civil service.
civil service
the organization which runs the administration of a state.
civil war
(a) war between citizens of the same state. the American Civil War.
References in classic literature ?
I had known Barting as a captain in the Federal army during the civil war.
Elinor tried to make a civil answer, though doubting her own success.
With that civil speech, I turned on my heel; and the prisoners near all burst out laughing.
for they may be fixed as in other arts; for the instruments of no art whatsoever are infinite, either in their number or their magnitude; but riches are a number of instruments in domestic and civil economy; it is therefore evident that the acquisition of certain things according to nature is a part both of domestic and civil economy, and for what reason.
The violent destruction of life and property incident to war, the continual effort and alarm attendant on a state of continual danger, will compel nations the most attached to liberty to resort for repose and security to institutions which have a tendency to destroy their civil and political rights.
Happily for mankind, liberty is not, in this respect, confined to any single point of time; but lies within extremes, which afford sufficient latitude for all the variations which may be required by the various situations and circumstances of civil society.
DURING the Civil War a Patriot was passing through the State of Maryland with a pass from the President to join Grant's army and see the fighting.
One morning he assembled the people and the senate of Syracuse, as if he had to discuss with them things relating to the Republic, and at a given signal the soldiers killed all the senators and the richest of the people; these dead, he seized and held the princedom of that city without any civil commotion.
It had given him a disgust to his business, and to his residence in a small market town; and, in quitting them both, he had removed with his family to a house about a mile from Meryton, denominated from that period Lucas Lodge, where he could think with pleasure of his own importance, and, unshackled by business, occupy himself solely in being civil to all the world.
A treacherous friend is the most dangerous enemy; and I will say boldly, that both religion and virtue have received more real discredit from hypocrites than the wittiest profligates or infidels could ever cast upon them: nay, farther, as these two, in their purity, are rightly called the bands of civil society, and are indeed the greatest of blessings; so when poisoned and corrupted with fraud, pretence, and affectation, they have become the worst of civil curses, and have enabled men to perpetrate the most cruel mischiefs to their own species.
Tulliver speaks civil to me, I'll speak civil to him.
Come, come, Sikes,' said the Jew appealing to him in a remonstratory tone, and motioning towards the boys, who were eagerly attentive to all that passed; 'we must have civil words; civil words, Bill.