civilian


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ci·vil·ian

 (sĭ-vĭl′yən)
n.
1.
a. A person who is not an active member of the military, the police, or a belligerent group in a conflict.
b. A person who is not an employee of the government: programs available to both government employees and civilians.
2. A specialist in Roman or civil law.
adj.
Of, relating to, or being a civilian or civilians: civilian clothes; a civilian career.

[Middle English, civil law judge, from Old French civilien, from civil, civil, from Latin cīvīlis; see civil.]

civilian

(sɪˈvɪljən)
n
(Military)
a. a person whose primary occupation is civil or nonmilitary
b. (as modifier): civilian life.
[C14 (originally: a practitioner of civil law): from civile (from the Latin phrase jūs cīvīle civil law) + -ian]

ci•vil•ian

(sɪˈvɪl yən)

n.
1. a person who is not on active duty with a military, naval, police, or firefighting organization.
2. a student of Roman or civil law.
adj.
3. of, pertaining to, formed by, or administered by civilians.
[1350–1400; student of civil law < Old French civilien]

civilian

- First a student or practitioner of civil law.
See also related terms for student.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.civilian - a nonmilitary citizencivilian - a nonmilitary citizen    
citizen - a native or naturalized member of a state or other political community
military man, serviceman, man, military personnel - someone who serves in the armed forces; a member of a military force; "two men stood sentry duty"
Adj.1.civilian - associated with civil life or performed by persons who are not active members of the military; "civilian clothing"; "civilian life"
military - associated with or performed by members of the armed services as contrasted with civilians; "military police"
Translations
مَدَنِيّموظف مُوَظَّ مَدَني، أحدُ المَدَنِيّين
civilistacivilní
civilistcivil
siviilisiviili-
אזרחי
civilcivilni
polgári egyén
óbreyttur borgari
民間の民間人
민간의민간인
civil
civilencivilist
civilcivilperson
เกี่ยวกับพลเรือนพลเรือน
thuộc thường dânthường dân

civilian

[sɪˈvɪlɪən]
A. ADJ (= non-military) → civil
in civilian clothesvestido/a de paisano or civil
there were no civilian casualtiesno hubo bajas entre la población civil
B. Ncivil mf

civilian

[sɪˈvɪljən]
adj (= non-military) [casualty] → civil(e); [population] → civil(e)
civilian clothes → tenue f civile
n (= non-soldier) → civil(e) m/f

civilian

nZivilist(in) m(f)
adjzivil, Zivil-; in civilian clothesin Zivil; civilian casualtiesVerluste plunter der Zivilbevölkerung

civilian

[sɪˈvɪlɪən]
1. adj (clothes, government) → civile, borghese; (life) → da civile, da borghese
2. ncivile m/f, borghese m/f

civil

(ˈsivl) adjective
1. polite, courteous.
2. of the state or community. civil rights.
3. ordinary; not military or religious. civil life.
4. concerned with law cases which are not criminal.
civilian (siˈviljən) noun
a person who has a civil job, not in the armed forces.
civility (siˈviləti) noun
politeness. Treat strangers with civility.
ˈcivilly adverb
politely.
ˌcivil deˈfence noun
(American civil defense) the organization responsible for protection of civilians from enemy bombing etc and for rescue operations after such attacks.
ˌcivil disoˈbedience noun
a refusal by a large number of people to pay taxes or obey certain laws in a nonviolent way in order to protest against the government, its policies etc.
civil engineerengineercivil liberties/rights
the rights of a citizen according to the law of the country.
civil servant
a member of the civil service.
civil service
the organization which runs the administration of a state.
civil war
(a) war between citizens of the same state. the American Civil War.

civilian

مَدَنِيّ civilista, civilní civil, civilist zivil, Zivilist πολίτης civil siviili, siviili- civil civil, civilni civile 民間の, 民間人 민간의, 민간인 burger, burger- sivil, sivilperson cywil, cywilny civil гражданское лицо, штатский civil, civilperson เกี่ยวกับพลเรือน, พลเรือน sivil thuộc thường dân, thường dân 平民, 民间的
References in classic literature ?
Immediately after, the civilian multitude in the rear will retire, to meet business engagements elsewhere.
The fact that a coastguard was the first on board may save some complications later on, in the Admiralty Court, for coastguards cannot claim the salvage which is the right of the first civilian entering on a derelict.
One may picture the orderly expectation, the officers alert and watchful, the gunners ready, the ammunition piled to hand, the limber gunners with their horses and waggons, the groups of civilian spectators standing as near as they were permitted, the evening stillness, the ambulances and hospital tents with the burned and wounded from Weybridge; then the dull resonance of the shots the Martians fired, and the clumsy projectile whirling over the trees and houses and smashing amid the neighbouring fields.
May be it is many-coloured, too: if one takes the dress uniforms, military and civilian, of all peoples in all ages--that alone is worth something, and if you take the undress uniforms you will never get to the end of it; no historian would be equal to the job.
He bein' a civilian now, an' you niver was aught else.
He was a civilian, if one might judge from his habit, which was that of a planter.
The other was an older man and certainly an older resident, a civilian official--Horne Fisher; and his drooping eyelids and drooping light mustache expressed all the paradox of the Englishman in the East.
You'll never pass as a pure-bred civilian as long as you keep that habit of carrying your handkerchief in your sleeve.
The policeman considers him an imbecile civilian, a remnant of the barbarous watchmen times, but gives him admission as something that must be borne with until government shall abolish him.
Strickland was the daughter of an Indian civilian, who on his retirement had settled in the depths of the country, but it was his habit every August to take his family to Eastbourne for change of air; and it was here, when she was twenty, that she met Charles Strickland.
One of them was a sallow, clean-shaven civilian with a thin and wrinkled face, already growing old, though he was dressed like a most fashionable young man.
There may be fighting for one of these sections," he said, "and troops cannot be embarrassed by civilian noncombatants during action.

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