civilization


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civ·i·li·za·tion

 (sĭv′ə-lĭ-zā′shən)
n.
1. An advanced state of intellectual, cultural, and material development in human society, marked by progress in the arts and sciences, the extensive use of record-keeping, including writing, and the appearance of complex political and social institutions.
2. The type of culture and society developed by a particular nation or region or in a particular epoch: Mayan civilization; the civilization of ancient Rome.
3. The act or process of civilizing or reaching a civilized state.
4. Cultural or intellectual refinement; good taste.
5. Modern society with its conveniences: returned to civilization after camping in the mountains.

civilization

(ˌsɪvɪlaɪˈzeɪʃən) or

civilisation

n
1. (Sociology) a human society that has highly developed material and spiritual resources and a complex cultural, political, and legal organization; an advanced state in social development
2. the peoples or nations collectively who have achieved such a state
3. the total culture and way of life of a particular people, nation, region, or period: classical civilization.
4. the process of bringing or achieving civilization
5. intellectual, cultural, and moral refinement
6. cities or populated areas, as contrasted with sparsely inhabited areas, deserts, etc

civ•i•li•za•tion

(ˌsɪv ə ləˈzeɪ ʃən)

n.
1. an advanced state of human society, in which a high level of culture, science, and government has been reached.
2. those people or nations that have reached such a state.
3. any type of culture, society, etc., of a specific place, time, or group: Greek civilization.
4. the act or process of civilizing or being civilized.
5. cultural and intellectual refinement.
6. cities or populated areas in general, as opposed to unpopulated or wilderness areas.
7. modern comforts and conveniences, as made possible by science and technology.
[1765–75; < French civilisation]
civ`i•li•za′tion•al, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.civilization - a society in an advanced state of social development (e.g., with complex legal and political and religious organizations)civilization - a society in an advanced state of social development (e.g., with complex legal and political and religious organizations); "the people slowly progressed from barbarism to civilization"
political science, politics, government - the study of government of states and other political units
society - an extended social group having a distinctive cultural and economic organization
Islam, Muslimism - the civilization of Muslims collectively which is governed by the Muslim religion; "Islam is predominant in northern Africa, the Middle East, Pakistan, and Indonesia"
2.civilization - the social process whereby societies achieve an advanced stage of development and organizationcivilization - the social process whereby societies achieve an advanced stage of development and organization
social process - a process involved in the formation of groups of persons
3.civilization - a particular society at a particular time and placecivilization - a particular society at a particular time and place; "early Mayan civilization"
archaeology, archeology - the branch of anthropology that studies prehistoric people and their cultures
society - an extended social group having a distinctive cultural and economic organization
subculture - a social group within a national culture that has distinctive patterns of behavior and beliefs
Aegean civilisation, Aegean civilization, Aegean culture - the prehistoric civilization on the islands in the Aegean sea and the surrounding countries; "by 800 BC the entire Aegean had adopted this style of pottery"
Helladic civilisation, Helladic civilization, Helladic culture - the bronze-age culture of mainland Greece that flourished 2500-1100 BC
Indus civilization - the bronze-age culture of the Indus valley that flourished from about 2600-1750 BC
Minoan civilisation, Minoan civilization, Minoan culture - the bronze-age culture of Crete that flourished 3000-1100 BC
Mycenaean civilisation, Mycenaean civilization, Mycenaean culture - the late bronze-age culture of Mycenae that flourished 1400-1100 BC
Paleo-American culture, Paleo-Amerind culture, Paleo-Indian culture - the prehistoric culture of the earliest human inhabitants of North America and South America
Western civilization, Western culture - the modern culture of western Europe and North America; "when Ghandi was asked what he thought of Western civilization he said he thought it would be a good idea"
4.civilization - the quality of excellence in thought and manners and taste; "a man of intellectual refinement"; "he is remembered for his generosity and civilization"
excellence - the quality of excelling; possessing good qualities in high degree

civilization

noun
1. society, people, community, nation, polity He believed Western civilization was in grave economic and cultural danger.
2. culture, development, education, progress, enlightenment, sophistication, advancement, cultivation, refinement a race with an advanced state of civilization
Quotations
"Civilization is a limitless multiplication of unnecessary necessities" [Mark Twain]

civilization

noun
1. The total product of human creativity and intellect:
2. Enlightenment and excellent taste resulting from intellectual development:
Translations
civilizacecivilizování
civilisationciviliseringkultur
sivilisaatiosivistyneiyyssivistynytsivistysyhteiskunta
civilizacijaciviliziranost
civilizáció
siîmenningsiîmenntuî òjóî
文明
문명
beschavingbewoonde wereldcivilisatie
civilizácia
civilizacija
civilizacija
civilisationciviliseringkultur
อารยธรรม
uygarlıkmedenîleşmemedeniyetuygarlaşma
nền văn minh

civilization

[ˌsɪvɪlaɪˈzeɪʃən] Ncivilización f

civilization

[ˌsɪvɪlaɪˈzeɪʃən] civilisation (British) n
(= society) → civilisation f
(= way of life) → civilisation f

civilization

n
(= civilized world)Zivilisation f; all civilizationdie ganze zivilisierte Welt; civilization!, the explorer exclaimedMenschen!, rief der Forscher aus
(= state: of Greeks etc) → Kultur f
(= act)Zivilisierung f

civilization

[ˌsɪvɪlaɪˈzeɪʃn] nciviltà f inv

civilize,

civilise

(ˈsivilaiz) verb
to change the ways of (a primitive people) to those found in a more advanced type of society. The Romans tried to civilize the ancient Britons.
ˌciviliˈzation, ˌciviliˈsation noun
1. the act of civilizing, or process or state of being civilized.
2. a civilized people and their way of life. the ancient civilizations of Egypt and Greece.

civilization

حَضَارَة civilizace civilisation Zivilisation πολιτισμός civilización sivilisaatio civilisation civilizacija civilizzazione 文明 문명 beschaving sivilisasjon cywilizacja civilização цивилизация civilisation อารยธรรม uygarlık nền văn minh 文明
References in classic literature ?
Thus even in darkest Africa was the light of German civilization commencing to reflect itself upon the undeserving natives just as at the same period, the fall of 1914, it was shedding its glorious effulgence upon benighted Belgium.
In various quiet nooks and corners I had the beginnings of all sorts of industries under way -- nuclei of future vast factories, the iron and steel missionaries of my future civilization.
If the aim was the progress of civilization, it is easy to see that there are other ways of diffusing civilization more expedient than by the destruction of wealth and of human lives.
In the large towns and cities, where civilization especially prevails, the number of those who own a shelter is a very small fraction of the whole.
As you'll see, if you take the trouble to go through it, as I did, Copan is, or maybe was, for all I know, one of the most important centers of the Mayan civilization.
His civilization was at best but an outward veneer which he gladly peeled off with his uncomfortable European clothes whenever any reasonable pretext presented itself.
Much more than is good for one man and you shall have all you need if ever we reach civilization.
to the beginning of the fifth, the island was a Roman province, with Latin as the language of the ruling class of Roman immigrants, who introduced Roman civilization and later on Christianity, to the Britons of the towns and plains.
The naked wretch who shivers beneath the bleak skies, and starves among the inhospitable wilds of Tierra-del-Fuego, might indeed be made happier by civilization, for it would alleviate his physical wants.
These two pursuits have thus in a manner been the pioneers and precursors of civilization.
The tamest inhabitant of cities, the veriest spoiled child of civilization, feels his heart dilate and his pulse beat high on finding himself on horseback in the glorious wilderness; what then must be the excitement of one whose imagination had been stimulated by a residence on the frontier, and to whom the wilderness was a region of romance!
He, I know--for the question had been discussed among us long before the Time Machine was made--thought but cheerlessly of the Advancement of Mankind, and saw in the growing pile of civilization only a foolish heaping that must inevitably fall back upon and destroy its makers in the end.