clan


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clan

 (klăn)
n.
1. A traditional social unit in the Scottish Highlands, consisting of a number of families claiming a common ancestor and following the same hereditary chieftain.
2. A division of a tribe tracing descent from a common ancestor.
3. A large group of relatives, friends, or associates.

[Middle English, from Scottish Gaelic clann, family, from Old Irish cland, offspring, from Latin planta, plant, sprout; see plat- in Indo-European roots.]
Word History: The word clan is, from the etymological point of view, the same word as plant. Such a statement may at first appear unlikely to English speakers, since the two words begin with very different consonants. But to the speakers of the Celtic language of Ireland in the 400s, known as Old Irish, c and p sounded quite similar. When St. Patrick converted Ireland to Christianity in the 5th century, the Old Irish language had no consonant p. After their conversion, the Irish began to borrow many words from Latin, and when the speakers of early Old Irish tried to pronounce the sound p in Latin words, the best they could manage was a (kw) or (k) sound, spelled c in Old Irish. For instance, the Latin words purpura, "purple," and Pascha, "Easter," were borrowed as corcur and Casc. (Later, as their language continued to develop and change, the Irish learned to cope with p, and Modern Irish has many words containing this consonant.) The early Irish also borrowed the Latin word planta meaning "sprout" or "sprig,"—also the source of the English word plant—and pronounced it cland. In Old Irish, cland was used to mean not only "offshoot of a plant" but also "offspring," "family," and "clan." The word cland was carried to the area that is now Scotland when speakers of Old Irish gained power in the region in the late 400s. The form of Old Irish spoken in Scotland eventually developed into the language now known as Scottish Gaelic. In Scottish Gaelic, cland developed the form clann, and it was from Scottish Gaelic that the word clan entered English in the 15th century, at first with reference to the clans of the Scottish Highlands.

clan

(klæn)
n
1. (Anthropology & Ethnology) a group of people interrelated by ancestry or marriage
2. (Anthropology & Ethnology) a group of families with a common surname and a common ancestor, acknowledging the same leader, esp among the Scots and the Irish
3. a group of people united by common characteristics, aims, or interests
[C14: from Scottish Gaelic clann family, descendants, from Latin planta sprout, plant1]

clan

(klæn)

n.
1. a group of families or households among the Scottish Highlanders, the heads of which claim descent from a common ancestor.
2. a group of people of common descent; family: Our whole clan gathers for Thanksgiving.
3. a clique, party, or other group united by some common interest.
[1375–1425; late Middle English (Scots) < Scottish Gaelic clann, Old Irish cland offspring < Latin planta scion, plant]

clan

- Ultimately from Latin planta, "plant, sprout."
See also related terms for sprout.

Clan

 a social group of common descent; a collection of animals, plants, or lifeless things; a body of persons with a common interest. See also set, society.
Examples: clan o’ bairns [‘children’], 1855; of the enlightened, 1790; of false traitors, 1552; of hounds, 1735.

clan

A group of people who claim to be descended from the same ancestor through either male or female links or both. It may be impossible to trace these links.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.clan - group of people related by blood or marriageclan - group of people related by blood or marriage
social group - people sharing some social relation
mishpachah, mishpocha - (Yiddish) the entire family network of relatives by blood or marriage (and sometimes close friends); "she invited the whole mishpocha"
family unit, family - primary social group; parents and children; "he wanted to have a good job before starting a family"
folks - your parents; "he wrote to his folks every day"
family tree, genealogy - successive generations of kin
totem - a clan or tribe identified by their kinship to a common totemic object
Tribes of Israel, Twelve Tribes of Israel - twelve kin groups of ancient Israel each traditionally descended from one of the twelve sons of Jacob
relative, relation - a person related by blood or marriage; "police are searching for relatives of the deceased"; "he has distant relations back in New Jersey"
clan member, clansman, clanswoman - a member of a clan
tribesman - someone who lives in a tribe

clan

noun
1. family, house, group, order, race, society, band, tribe, sept, fraternity, brotherhood, sodality A clash had taken place between rival clans.
2. group, set, crowd, circle, crew (informal), gang, faction, coterie, schism, cabal a powerful clan of industrialists from Monterrey

clan

noun
A group of people sharing common ancestry:
Translations
عَشيرَه، قَبيلَه
klanrod
klan
klán
ættflokkasamtök
klanas
ģintsklans
klan

clan

[klæn] N (also fig) → clan m

clan

[ˈklæn] nclan m

clan

n (lit, fig)Clan m

clan

[klæn] nclan m inv

clan

(klӕn) noun
a tribe or group of families (especially Scottish) under a single chief, usually all having one surname.
References in classic literature ?
There was another clan of aristocracy around there -- five or six families -- mostly of the name of Shep- herdson.
He is an example of that higher patriotism rarely met with in Chinese official life which recognises a duty to the Emperor as Father of the national family -- a duty too often forgotten in the obligation to the clan and the desire to use power for personal advantage.
Every partner who had charge of an interior post, and a score of retainers at his Command, felt like the chieftain of a Highland clan, and was almost as important in the eyes of his dependents as of himself.
Her brother is the chef de la famille, as they say; he is the head of the clan.
He had never passed the serai gate since his arrival two days ago, but had been ostentatious in sending telegrams to Bombay, where he banked some of his money; to Delhi, where a sub-partner of his own clan was selling horses to the agent of a Rajputana state; and to Umballa, where an Englishman was excitedly demanding the pedigree of a white stallion.
If I send out word that it's off we shall have Malvoli storming in here at the head of a whole Corsican clan.
Mattie Silver was the daughter of a cousin of Zenobia Frome's, who had inflamed his clan with mingled sentiments of envy and admiration by descending from the hills to Connecticut, where he had married a Stamford girl and succeeded to her father's thriving "drug" business.
But then New York, as far back as the mind of man could travel, had been divided into the two great fundamental groups of the Mingotts and Mansons and all their clan, who cared about eating and clothes and money, and the Archer-Newland- van-der-Luyden tribe, who were devoted to travel, horticulture and the best fiction, and looked down on the grosser forms of pleasure.
For thousands of years this clan have dwelt in Shechem under strict tabu, and having little commerce or fellowship with their fellow men of any religion or nationality.
As proof that I was one of Hooja's people, they pointed to my weapons, which they said were ornamented like those of the is-land clan.
Before Tarzan came that first time to Opar, La had never seen a human male other than the grotesque and knotted men of her clan.
The assembled members of the tribe looked on and listened in a sort of dull and perfunctory apathy, for the speaker was by far the mightiest of the clan.