classical conditioning


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Related to classical conditioning: operant conditioning

classical conditioning

n. Psychology
A learning process by which a subject comes to respond in a specific way to a previously neutral stimulus after the subject repeatedly encounters the neutral stimulus together with another stimulus that already elicits the response.

classical conditioning

n
(Psychology) psychol the alteration in responding that occurs when two stimuli are regularly paired in close succession: the response originally given to the second stimulus comes to be given to the first. See also conditioned response

con•di•tion•ing

(kənˈdɪʃ ə nɪŋ)

n.
1. a process of changing behavior by rewarding or punishing a subject each time an action is performed.
2. Also called classical conditioning. a process in which a previously neutral stimulus comes to evoke a specific response by being repeatedly paired with another stimulus that evokes the response.
[1915–20]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.classical conditioning - conditioning that pairs a neutral stimulus with a stimulus that evokes a reflexclassical conditioning - conditioning that pairs a neutral stimulus with a stimulus that evokes a reflex; the stimulus that evokes the reflex is given whether or not the conditioned response occurs until eventually the neutral stimulus comes to evoke the reflex
conditioning - a learning process in which an organism's behavior becomes dependent on the occurrence of a stimulus in its environment
References in periodicals archive ?
In this case you may just have to settle for desensitization (becoming accustomed to the increasing intensity of the stimulus--the dog) without the classical conditioning (association) part.
their fear developed as a result of classical conditioning - a psychological process whereby we learn to associate a particular stimulus with a particular response.
For the remaining 25% of needle phobics who don't experience a fainting response, it's likely that their fear developed as a result of classical conditioning - a psychological process whereby we learn to associate a particular stimulus with a particular response.
The first was called Classical Conditioning or Associative Learning.
Classical conditioning happens when the sexual arousal prompted by the advert is subconsciously transferred to the product or brand, leading to a feeling of arousal when exposed again to the product or brand, generating a "feel-good effect" for the product.
Watson borrowed concepts from classical conditioning to explain Freud's discoveries, notably transference and displacement phenomena and in doing so pioneered the scientific appraisal of Freud's ideas in the laboratory (Watson & Morgan, 1917).
Today, there are entire generations of trainers and dog owners who have grown up training with only flat collars and classical conditioning, variable schedules of reinforcement, and other humane, effective training tools.
It explains the latest protocols for evaluating and dealing with the problems of aggressive dogs from classical conditioning to operant conditioning, and prescribes management strategies that really work.
Mackintosh goes on to discuss the extent to what instrumental and classical conditioning are actually separate processes.
Watson an American Psychologist, who coined the term Behaviorism in his influential paper in 1916, emphasized that habits are learned due to classical conditioning and also demonstrated it in a classical experiment (Watson & Rayner, 1920).
In all of the studies, the CS was presented for rather longer periods of time (around 2 s) compared to those CS durations more typically employed in classical conditioning studies (typically around 1 s; Clark & Squire, 1999; Kimble, 1961; Weidemann, Tangen, Lovibond, & Mitchell, 2009).

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