cleave


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cleave 1

 (klēv)
v. cleft (klĕft) or cleaved or clove (klōv), cleft or cleaved or clo·ven (klō′vən), cleav·ing, cleaves
v.tr.
1. To split with a sharp instrument. See Synonyms at tear1.
2. To make or accomplish by or as if by cutting: cleave a path through the ice.
3. To pierce or penetrate: The wings cleaved the foggy air.
4. Chemistry To split (a complex molecule) into simpler molecules.
v.intr.
1. To split or be capable or splitting, especially along a natural line of division: Certain brittle woods cleave easily.
2. To penetrate or pass through something, such as water or air.

[Middle English cleven, from Old English clēofan; see gleubh- in Indo-European roots.]

cleav′a·ble adj.

cleave 2

 (klēv)
intr.v. cleaved, cleav·ing, cleaves
1. To adhere, cling, or stick fast.
2. To be faithful: cleave to one's principles.

[Middle English cleven, from Old English cleofian.]

cleave

(kliːv)
vb, cleaves, cleaving, cleft, cleaved, clove, cleft, cleaved or cloven
1. to split or cause to split, esp along a natural weakness
2. (tr) to make by or as if by cutting: to cleave a path.
3. (when: intr, foll by through) to penetrate or traverse
[Old English clēofan; related to Old Norse kljūfa, Old High German klioban, Latin glūbere to peel]
ˈcleavable adj
ˌcleavaˈbility, ˈcleavableness n

cleave

(kliːv)
vb
(foll by: to) to cling or adhere
[Old English cleofian; related to Old High German klebēn to stick]

cleave1

(kliv)

v.i. cleaved (Archaic) clave; cleaved; cleav•ing.
1. to adhere closely; cling (usu. fol. by to).
2. to remain faithful: to cleave to one's principles.
[before 900; Middle English cleven, Old English cleofian, c. Old Saxon clibon, Old High German klebēn]
cleav′ing•ly, adv.

cleave2

(kliv)

v. cleft cleaved clove, cleft cleaved clo•ven, cleav•ing. v.t.
1. to split or divide by or as if by a cutting blow, esp. along a natural line of division, as the grain of wood.
2. to make by or as if by cutting: to cleave a path through the wilderness.
3. to penetrate or pass through (air, water, etc.): The bow of the boat cleaved the water cleanly.
4. to cut off; sever: to cleave a branch from a tree.
v.i.
5. to part or split, esp. along a natural line of division.
6. to penetrate or advance by or as if by cutting (usu. fol. by through).
[before 950; Middle English cleven, Old English clēofan, c. Old High German klioban, Old Norse kljūfa]

cleave


Past participle: cleft/cleaved/cloven
Gerund: cleaving

Imperative
cleave
cleave
Present
I cleave
you cleave
he/she/it cleaves
we cleave
you cleave
they cleave
Preterite
I cleft/cleaved/clove
you cleft/cleaved/clove
he/she/it cleft/cleaved/clove
we cleft/cleaved/clove
you cleft/cleaved/clove
they cleft/cleaved/clove
Present Continuous
I am cleaving
you are cleaving
he/she/it is cleaving
we are cleaving
you are cleaving
they are cleaving
Present Perfect
I have cleft/cleaved/cloven
you have cleft/cleaved/cloven
he/she/it has cleft/cleaved/cloven
we have cleft/cleaved/cloven
you have cleft/cleaved/cloven
they have cleft/cleaved/cloven
Past Continuous
I was cleaving
you were cleaving
he/she/it was cleaving
we were cleaving
you were cleaving
they were cleaving
Past Perfect
I had cleft/cleaved/cloven
you had cleft/cleaved/cloven
he/she/it had cleft/cleaved/cloven
we had cleft/cleaved/cloven
you had cleft/cleaved/cloven
they had cleft/cleaved/cloven
Future
I will cleave
you will cleave
he/she/it will cleave
we will cleave
you will cleave
they will cleave
Future Perfect
I will have cleft/cleaved/cloven
you will have cleft/cleaved/cloven
he/she/it will have cleft/cleaved/cloven
we will have cleft/cleaved/cloven
you will have cleft/cleaved/cloven
they will have cleft/cleaved/cloven
Future Continuous
I will be cleaving
you will be cleaving
he/she/it will be cleaving
we will be cleaving
you will be cleaving
they will be cleaving
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been cleaving
you have been cleaving
he/she/it has been cleaving
we have been cleaving
you have been cleaving
they have been cleaving
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been cleaving
you will have been cleaving
he/she/it will have been cleaving
we will have been cleaving
you will have been cleaving
they will have been cleaving
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been cleaving
you had been cleaving
he/she/it had been cleaving
we had been cleaving
you had been cleaving
they had been cleaving
Conditional
I would cleave
you would cleave
he/she/it would cleave
we would cleave
you would cleave
they would cleave
Past Conditional
I would have cleft/cleaved/cloven
you would have cleft/cleaved/cloven
he/she/it would have cleft/cleaved/cloven
we would have cleft/cleaved/cloven
you would have cleft/cleaved/cloven
they would have cleft/cleaved/cloven
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.cleave - separate or cut with a tool, such as a sharp instrument; "cleave the bone"
maul - split (wood) with a maul and wedges
laminate - split (wood) into thin sheets
tear - to separate or be separated by force; "planks were in danger of being torn from the crossbars"
cleave - make by cutting into; "The water is going to cleave a channel into the rock"
2.cleave - make by cutting into; "The water is going to cleave a channel into the rock"
cleave, rive, split - separate or cut with a tool, such as a sharp instrument; "cleave the bone"
create, make - make or cause to be or to become; "make a mess in one's office"; "create a furor"
3.cleave - come or be in close contact withcleave - come or be in close contact with; stick or hold together and resist separation; "The dress clings to her body"; "The label stuck to the box"; "The sushi rice grains cohere"
adjoin, contact, touch, meet - be in direct physical contact with; make contact; "The two buildings touch"; "Their hands touched"; "The wire must not contact the metal cover"; "The surfaces contact at this point"
mold - fit tightly, follow the contours of; "The dress molds her beautiful figure"
conglutinate - stick together; "the edges of the wound conglutinated"
agglutinate - clump together; as of bacteria, red blood cells, etc.
bind, bond, hold fast, stick to, stick, adhere - stick to firmly; "Will this wallpaper adhere to the wall?"
stick - fasten with an adhesive material like glue; "stick the poster onto the wall"

cleave

1
verb split, open, divide, crack, slice, rend, sever, part, hew, tear asunder, sunder The axe had cleaved open the back of his skull.

cleave

2 verb
cleave to stick to, stand by, cling to, hold to, be devoted to, adhere to, be attached to, abide by, be true to She teaches the principles she has cleaved to for more than 40 years.

cleave 1

verb
To separate into parts with or as if with a sharp-edged instrument:

cleave 2

verb
To hold fast:
Translations
يَشُقُّ، يَفْلَقُيَلْتَصِق بِ
lepitlnout krozštípnoutštípat
hænge fastklæbekløvespalte
kljúfa; skiptaloîa viî; halda fast viî
sadalītsašķeltsašķelties
štiepať

cleave

1 [kliːv] (clove (cleft (pt)) (cloven) (cleft (pp))) VT (= split) → partir; [+ water] → surcar

cleave

2 [kliːv] VI to cleave toadherirse a, no separarse de
to cleave togetherser inseparables

cleave

1 pret <clove or cleft or cleaved>, ptp <cleft or cloven>
vtspalten; to cleave in twoin zwei Teile spalten; to cleave a way through somethingsich (dat)einen Weg durch etw bahnen
vi
to cleave through the wavesdie Wellen durchschneiden
(Biol) → sich spalten

cleave

2
vi pret <cleaved or clave>, ptp <cleaved> (= adhere)festhalten (→ to an +dat), → beharren (→ to auf +dat); through all the difficulties they cleaved fast to each other (liter)durch alle Schwierigkeiten hindurch hielten sie fest zusammen

cleave

[kliːv] (cleave or cleft or clove (pt) (cleaved or cleft or cloven (pp))) vt (liter) → spaccare
cleave to vi + prep (stick to) → aderire a (fig) → restare abbarbicato/a

cleave1

(kliːv) past tense cleft (kleft) cleaved, ~clove (klouv) : past participles cleft, ~cloven (ˈklouvn) verb
to split or divide.
ˈcleavage (-vidʒ) noun
1. the act of splitting; a split.
2. the split between a woman's breasts.
ˈcleaver noun
a butcher's knife.
cloven hoof, cleft hoof
a hoof, like those of cows, sheep etc, which has a split up the centre.

cleave2

(kliːv) past tense past participle d: cleave to
to stick to.
References in classic literature ?
he had much ado to maintain his seat; sometimes slipping on one side, sometimes on another, and sometimes jolted on the high ridge of his horse's backbone, with a violence that he verily feared would cleave him asunder.
If this yeoman can cleave that rod, I give him the bucklers or rather, I yield to the devil that is in his jerkin, and not to any human skill; a man can but do his best, and I will not shoot where I am sure to miss.
As he said to himself, "If, for my sins, or by my good fortune, I come across some giant hereabouts, a common occurrence with knights-errant, and overthrow him in one onslaught, or cleave him asunder to the waist, or, in short, vanquish and subdue him, will it not be well to have some one I may send him to as a present, that he may come in and fall on his knees before my sweet lady, and in a humble, submissive voice say, 'I am the giant Caraculiambro, lord of the island of Malindrania, vanquished in single combat by the never sufficiently extolled knight Don Quixote of La Mancha, who has commanded me to present myself before your Grace, that your Highness dispose of me at your pleasure'?
As each boat achieved the safety of the port there was a shout of joy from the mass of people on the shore,a shout which for a moment seemed to cleave the gale and was then swept away in its rush.
Here {alpha rho upsilon rho alpha iota}, 'to draw away,' is used for {tau alpha mu epsilon iota nu}, 'to cleave,' and {tau alpha mu epsilon iota nu} again for {alpha rho upsilon alpha iota},--each being a species of taking away.
These words rang in Dantes' ears, even beneath the waves; he hastened to cleave his way through them to see if he had not lost his strength.
Sometimes, for instance, she tapped with her finger against the knotted trunk of a majestic oak; and immediately its rude bark would cleave asunder, and forth would step a beautiful maiden, who was the hamadryad of the oak, dwelling inside of it, and sharing its long life, and rejoicing when its green leaves sported with the breeze.
Possibly you think that Adam was not at all sagacious in his interpretations, and that it was altogether extremely unbecoming in a sensible man to behave as he did--falling in love with a girl who really had nothing more than her beauty to recommend her, attributing imaginary virtues to her, and even condescending to cleave to her after she had fallen in love with another man, waiting for her kind looks as a patient trembling dog waits for his master's eye to be turned upon him.
My mother and my brother wished her to cleave to what they regarded as her rights.
Now and again, indeed, he would gaze long and long at a tuft or a twig, expecting, he said, the earth to cleave and deliver its blessing; but he was content to be with his disciple, at ease in the temperate wind that comes down from the Doon.
The light fell on a tilted hat; a power- ful shoulder, that seemed to cleave the darkness; on a leg stepping out.
For truth and falsehood, in such things, are like the iron and clay, in the toes of Nebuchadnezzar's image; they may cleave, but they will not incorporate.