Life history trade-offs in Amphibromus scabrivalvis (Poaceae): Allocation to clonal growth storage, and cleistogamous
2008), some Podostemaceae (Cook & Rutishauser, 2007), and some cleistogamous
flowers of Violaceae (Weibel, 1941), monosymmetry by reduction is present.
that species with stylar movements that ensure self-pollination, or that possess cleistogamous
flowers, are in fact self-compatible; and that dioecious species are self-incompatible).
caroliniensis are known to produce both chasmogamous (outcrossed) and cleistogamous
(small, self-fertilized) flowers (Long & Uttal 1962; Long & Lakela 1978).
She is studying the effect of prescribed fire and invasive plant removal on the demography, population genetic structure, and breeding system of Viola conspersa, a state-listed violet that produces both chasmogamous (open) and cleistogamous
Flowers are of two main types: chasmogamous flowers from the upper nodes, and cleistogamous
flowers from nodes near or below ground level (Hunt, 1975).
linearis in many locations, and is unique in the genus for producing salmon to yellow chasmogamous flowers as well as minute whitish cleistogamous
Development of cleistogamous
and chasmogamous flowers in Lamium amplexicaule (Labiatae)--Example of heteroblastic inflorescence development.
In the enrichment axes of these species, the axillary bud of the leaves develops cleistogamous
spikelets that are enclosed in the leaf-sheath (Campbell et al.
Plants dimorphic: a vernal stage with reduced or no leaves and chasmogamous capitula, and an autumnal stage with fully developed leaves and cleistogamous
capitula Leibnitzia 38b.
Capitulescences monocephalous, on scapes; capitula heterogamous, disciform or radiate, chasmogamous or cleistogamous
, erect or nodding; receptacle epaleate; involucre multiseriate.
Herbs perennial, acaulescent, scapose, with plant dimorphism: a vernal (spring) stage with reduced or no leaves and chasmogamous capitula, and an autumnal (summer and fall) stage with fully developed leaves and cleistogamous