clerk


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Related to clerk: bank clerk, law clerk

clerk

 (klûrk)
n.
1. A person who works in an office performing such tasks as keeping records, attending to correspondence, or filing.
2.
a. A person who keeps the records and performs the regular business of a court, legislative body, or municipal district.
b. Law A law clerk, as for a judge.
3. A person who works at a sales counter or service desk, as at a store or hotel.
4. A cleric.
5. Archaic A scholar.
intr.v. clerked, clerk·ing, clerks
To work or serve as a clerk: clerked in a store; clerks for a judge.

[Middle English, clergyman, secretary, from Old English clerc and Old French clerc, clergyman, both from Late Latin clēricus, from Greek klērikos, belonging to the clergy, from klēros, inheritance, lot.]

clerk′dom n.
clerk′ship′ n.
Word History: The pronunciation of the word clerk in Middle English and early modern English was something like (klĕrk), with the (ĕ) vowel found in the standard American pronunciation of words like bed, cleft, deck, and men, but used before (r). This pronunciation of er before a consonant as (ĕr), inherited from Middle English, can still be heard in the traditional speech of some parts of Scotland and Ireland today. But the sound combination (ĕr) is no longer found in the standard American pronunciation of words like clerk. During the history of the dialects of Britain that are ancestral to American dialects, probably around the end of the 16th century, Middle English (ĕr) usually became (ûr), as in the American pronunciation of jerk, pert, and clerk itself. In the case of clerk, however, an alternative pronunciation (klärk)—or perhaps more like (klărk), with the vowel (ă) of cat—arose in the south of England, apparently in the 15th century. It was spelled both clark and clerk. Because the word clerk was pronounced with (är) rather than (ĕr) in the south of England, the vowels in the word did not become (ûr). Later, when people began to "drop their r's" in the dialects of southern England during the 18th century, clerk came to be pronounced (kläk), with a long vowel (ä), as it is still pronounced in the Received Pronunciation of clerk in the United Kingdom. Meanwhile, the American colonies and early United States were being populated by immigrants speaking dialects in which the historical change of (klĕrk) to (klärk) had not occurred, and the standard modern American pronunciation of the word became (klûrk). The other pronunciation (klärk) is used in the United States only in the proper name Clark. Similar changes of (ĕ) to (ä) before (r), occurring at various points in the history of Middle and Early Modern English, have given rise to parson (beside person), varsity (beside university), and even varmint (beside vermin).

clerk

(klɑːk; US Canadian klɜːrk)
n
1. a worker, esp in an office, who keeps records, files, etc
2. (Law) clerk to the justices (in England) a legally qualified person who sits in court with lay justices to advise them on points of law
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) an employee of a court, legislature, board, corporation, etc, who keeps records and accounts, etc: a town clerk.
4. (Parliamentary Procedure) Also called: clerk of the House (in the UK) a senior official of the House of Commons
5. (Ecclesiastical Terms) Also called: clerk in holy orders a cleric
6. (Commerce) US and Canadian short for salesclerk
7. Also called: desk clerk US and Canadian a hotel receptionist
8. (Historical Terms) archaic a scholar
vb
(intr) to serve as a clerk
[Old English clerc, from Church Latin clēricus, from Greek klērikos cleric, relating to the heritage (alluding to the Biblical Levites, whose inheritance was the Lord), from klēros heritage]
ˈclerkdom n
ˈclerkish adj
ˈclerkship n

clerk

(klɜrk; Brit. klɑrk)

n.
1. a person employed to keep records, file, type, or do other general office tasks.
2. a salesclerk.
3. a person who keeps the records and performs the routine business of a court, legislature, etc.
4. a cleric; ecclesiastic.
5. Archaic. a scholar.
v.i.
6. to act or serve as a clerk.
[before 1000; Middle English, Old English clerc, variant of cleric < Late Latin clēricus cleric]
clerk′ish, adj.
clerk′ship, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.clerk - an employee who performs clerical work (e.g., keeps records or accounts)clerk - an employee who performs clerical work (e.g., keeps records or accounts)
desk clerk, hotel clerk, hotel desk clerk - a hotel receptionist
employee - a worker who is hired to perform a job
file clerk, filing clerk, filer - a clerk who is employed to maintain the files of an organization
paper-pusher - a clerk or bureaucrat who does paperwork
pencil pusher, penpusher - a clerk who does boring paperwork
mapper, plotter - a clerk who marks data on a chart
mail clerk, postal clerk - a clerk in a post office
settler - a clerk in a betting shop who calculates the winnings
shipping clerk - an employee who ships and receives goods
sorter - a clerk who sorts things (as letters at the post office)
tally clerk, tallyman - one who keeps a tally of quantity or weight of goods produced or shipped or received
timekeeper - a clerk who keeps track of the hours worked by employees
2.clerk - a salesperson in a storeclerk - a salesperson in a store    
sales rep, sales representative, salesperson - a person employed to represent a business and to sell its merchandise (as to customers in a store or to customers who are visited)
shop boy - a young male shop assistant
shop girl - a young female shop assistant
Verb1.clerk - work as a clerk, as in the legal business
work - exert oneself by doing mental or physical work for a purpose or out of necessity; "I will work hard to improve my grades"; "she worked hard for better living conditions for the poor"

clerk

noun
2. A person ordained for service in a Christian church:
Informal: reverend.
Translations
بائِعٌ في مَخْزَنكاتِب حِساباتكاتِب، مُوَظَّف مَكْتَبمُسَاعِدُ الـمَبِيعات
obecní rada/tajemníkpříručíprodavačúředník
ekspedientkontorassistentrådmandsekretær
myyntiapulainen
prodavač
irodai dolgozó
afgreiîslumaîurbæjarritariskrifstofumaîur, ritari
販売スタッフ
판매원
klerkasraštvedysvaldininkas
ierēdniskantora darbiniekspārdevējssekretārs
prodajalecuradnik
expedit
พนักงานขาย
kâtipsatıcıtahrirat kâtibi veya evrak müdürütezgahtartezgâhtar
người bán hàng

clerk

[klɑːk, (ʊS) klɜːk]
A. N
1. (Comm) → oficinista mf, empleado/a m/f; (in civil service) → funcionario/a m/f; (in bank) → empleado/a m/f; (in hotel) → recepcionista mf (Jur) → escribano m
see also town B
2. (US) (= shop assistant) → dependiente/a m/f, vendedor(a) m/f
3. (Rel) (archaic) → clérigo m
B. VI (US) → trabajar como dependiente
C. CPD clerk of works N (Brit) (Constr) → maestro/a m/f de obras

clerk

[ˈklɑːrk] n
(British) (= office worker) → employé(e) m/f de bureau
[ˈklɜːrk] (US) (= salesperson) → vendeur/euse m/fClerk of Court ngreffier m (du tribunal)

clerk

[, (US)]
n
(Büro)angestellte(r) mf
(= secretary)Schriftführer(in) m(f); Clerk of the Court (Brit Jur) → Protokollführer(in) m(f); clerk of works (Brit) → Bauleiter(in) m(f)
(US: = shop assistant) → Verkäufer(in) m(f)
(US, in hotel) → Hotelsekretär(in) m(f)

clerk

[klɑːk, ɒm klɜːk] n (in office, bank) → impiegato/a (Am) (shop assistant) → commesso/a; (in hotel) → impiegato/a della reception
Clerk of the Court (Law) → cancelliere m

clerk

(klaːk) , ((American) klə:k) noun
1. a person who deals with letters, accounts etc in an office.
2. a public official in charge of the business affairs of the town council etc. the town clerk.
3. (American) a shop-assistant.

clerk

مُسَاعِدُ الـمَبِيعات prodavač ekspedient Verkäufer βοηθός πωλήσεων dependiente, vendedor myyntiapulainen vendeur prodavač commesso 販売スタッフ 판매원 verkoopassistent salgsassistent sprzedawca assistente de vendas продавец expedit พนักงานขาย tezgahtar người bán hàng 售货员
References in classic literature ?
Speaking in the administrative sense, a bureau consists of a man- servant, several supernumeraries (who do the work gratis for a certain number of years), various copying clerks, writers of bills and deeds, order clerks, principal clerks, second or under head-clerk, and head- clerk, otherwise called head or chief of the bureau.
I recognised him as the lawyer's clerk, who had preceded me in my visit to Blackwater Park, and who had tried to pick a quarrel with me, when I asked him if I could see the house.
True," said the clerk, shrugging his shoulders; "and yet you are the better off.
She entered the office and addressed the chief reception clerk.
A tall, pale clerk, his face shaded by a forest of virgin hair, opened the door, and bowed with the air of a man forced at once to respect in another lofty stature, which indicated strength, the military dress, which indicated rank, and a ruddy countenance, which indicated familiarity with good living.
It appears that it's a happy couple, a government clerk and his lady.
With those words, the clerk opened a door, and ushered me into an inner chamber at the back.
But even I could see at a glance that there was nothing of the detective and everything of the clerk about the very young man who had joined us at last upon the landing.
Presently a clerk came in and then another; they glanced at Philip and in an undertone asked the office-boy (Philip found his name was Macdougal) who he was.
Fogg and his two companions took their places on a bench opposite the desks of the magistrate and his clerk.
The night- clerk was there, behind the desk, sitting in the dim light of another tallow candle--just sitting and staring.
Instead of going to the clerk for information, as we do at home, you go to the portier.