In the anglophone world Braudel's call was paralleled by the development of cliometrics
, a bold attempt to outfit history writing with complex mathematical tools borrowed from the field of econometrics.
The success of Cliometrics
(or New Economic History), which applies economic theory, econometric techniques, and other formal methods to the study of (social and economic) history, owes much to Fogel and North.
But even this early research was pioneering in that it helped contribute to the movement known variously as Cliometrics
or the New Economic History, which involved the straightforward application of economic theory and statistical techniques to the history of development.
One of the first efforts to develop a historiography of accounting history research was that of Napier  who categorized accounting history research into traditional accounting history, socio-historical approaches to studying accounting in its context, and a positive approach to accounting history research similar to cliometrics
as applied to economic history [Carnegie, 2014, p.
2011, Economics and History: Surveys in Cliometrics
, Chichester, Wiley-Blackwell.
He was one of the organizers of the Cliometrics
Conference between 1996 and 2008.
Economic history has been left primarily to historians or reduced to theory-driven cliometrics
In 1993, Fogel and North were rewarded for their application of econometric methods to economic history, better known as cliometrics
It is tempting to respond to John Derbyshire's fiscal cliometrics
with the trendlines for gun ownership and ammunition purchases, the defense of which has been a narrow but vigorous conservative purpose for a long time, culminating now in the spread of concealed carry laws.
I would like to thank participants at the Cliometrics
Society annual conference held in June 2005 and seminar participants at Binghamton University, the University of Delaware, De Paul University, the Iowa Economic History Seminar, Lafayette College, Northwestern University, and South Dakota State University for helpful comments and suggestions.
David had little patience for Cliometrics
but could play the game.
US economics is marked by its lack of heterogeneity and dissent in theory and methods, its exclusion of economic history other than having substituted cliometrics
, Milonakis and Fine (2009) and Milonakis and Fine (2009), and its rejection of a distinctive development economics in an intellectual milieu that boasts no compensating departments of development studies that are liable to be more rounded, critical and progressive, Fine (2008e).