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An unstressed word, typically a function word, that is incapable of standing on its own and attaches in pronunciation to a stressed word, with which it forms a single accentual unit. Examples of clitics are the pronoun 'em in I see 'em and the definite article in French l'arme, "the arm."
Of or relating to a clitic or clisis.

[Greek klitikos, leaning, from klīnein, to lean; see klei- in Indo-European roots.]

clit′i·cize (-sĭz′) v.
clit′i·ci·za′tion (-sĭ-zā′shən) n.


(Linguistics) (of a word) incapable of being stressed, usually pronounced as if part of the word that follows or precedes it: for example, in French, me, te, and le are clitic pronouns. See also proclitic, enclitic
(Linguistics) a clitic word
[C20: back formation from enclitic and proclitic]


(ˈklɪt ɪk)
adj., n.
enclitic or proclitic.
[1945–50; by extraction]
References in periodicals archive ?
Their topics include subjects, argument structure and argument structure alternations, clitic pronouns, voice and voice alterations, causative and perception verbs, copular and existential constructions, negation and polarity, dislocations and framing, cleft constructions, coordination and correlatives, gender and number, determination and quantification, adjectival and genitival modification, syntheticity and analyticity, and basic constituent orders.
This project is about a morphological process called "leismo," that consists of a shift from the Spanish accusative clitic (lo, la, los, las) to the Spanish dative clitic (le, les).
First, in contrast to the first question type, these questions make use of a resumptive clitic pronoun that we find in the base position where the wh-phrase may be said to have originated inside the clause.
In addition, we lack further criteria allowing an intrinsic distinction and characterization, based solely on linguistic arguments, of the various types of meaning-bearer units, like affixes, clitics, clitic groups, among others.
The analysis of all 233 verb forms identified revealed pronunciation errors, number agreement errors, errors in the use of clitic pronouns, incorrect use of person and tense agreement, mainly with irregular verb forms, regularization of verb forms, and irregularization of regular verbs by using morphological rules that only apply to irregular verbs.
4, 862-866; ALBERT BICKFORD, "Spanish clitic doubling and levels of gramatical relations", Lingua, 65 (1985), 189-211; OSVALDO JAEGGLI, "Three issues in the theory of clitics: Case, doubled NPs and extraction", en Syntax and semantics 19: The syntax of pronominal clitics, ed.
However, then in the future tense we adjoin14 a modal clitic ba to the P, resulting in an extended P.
In the second chapter Gregory Stump and Andrew Hippisley take the case of subject agreement expressed by the past tense auxiliary clitic to show, through a "realizational" analysis, its valance sensitivity in the Pamir languages of Oroshori, Shughni, Bartangi, and Yazgulami, all spoken in Tajikistan.
Stoga i u njoj i u radu u ovoj knjizi pod naslovom The canonical clitic promoviraju kanonski pristup kako bi pokazali da se on moze upotrijebiti za odredivanje lingvistickoga fenomena za koji se vec dugo smatra da se nalazi izmedu afiksa i funkcionalnih rijeci.
The form with stress on the final clitic pronoun (b) is the original Ligurian form and identified by speakers as archaic or 'genuine.
However, Demonte (1995) proposed that Spanish dative constructions with dative clitic doubling are equivalent to English DOCs.
Among the topics are definiteness and the structure of noun phrases in Slavic, evidence from colloquial Slovenian for a definite article in the AP, the case for a genitive case in Bulgarian, reciprocity expressions, about the vocative, and Slavic clitic systems in a typological perspective.