close(redirected from close the book on)
Also found in: Idioms.
close(v. kloʊz; adj., adv. kloʊs; n. kloʊz for 66, 67, 70–72, 74, 75, kloʊs for 68, 69, 73 )
v. closed, clos•ing, v.t.
close closed shut
If you close /kləʊz/ something such as a door, you move it so that it covers or fills a hole or gap.
You can use either close or shut to say that work or business stops for a short time in a shop or public building.
You can say that a road, border, or airport is closed.
Don't say that a road, border, or airport 'is shut'.
Don't confuse the verb close with the adjective close /kləʊs/. If something is close to something else, it is near to it.
If something is near, near to, or close to a place or thing, it is a short distance from it. When close has this meaning, it is pronounced /kləʊs/.
When near and close have this meaning, don't use them immediately in front of a noun. Instead use nearby.
However, the superlative form nearest can be used immediately in front of a noun.
You can use near immediately in front of a noun to say that something is almost a particular thing.
You can also use near immediately in front of an adjective and a noun to say that something almost has a particular quality.
You can use near, near to, or close to immediately in front of a noun to say that someone or something is almost in a particular state.
You can refer to someone you know well as a 'close friend'.
Don't refer to someone as a 'near friend'.
You can refer to someone who is directly related to you as a 'close relative'.
You can also refer to someone as a 'near relative', but this is less common.
Don't confuse the adjective 'close' with the verb close /kləʊz/. If you close something, you move it so that it fills a hole or gap.
Past participle: closed
|Noun||1.||close - the temporal end; the concluding time; "the stopping point of each round was signaled by a bell"; "the market was up at the finish"; "they were playing better at the close of the season"|
|2.||close - the last section of a communication; "in conclusion I want to say..."|
section, subdivision - a self-contained part of a larger composition (written or musical); "he always turns first to the business section"; "the history of this work is discussed in the next section"
epilog, epilogue - a short passage added at the end of a literary work; "the epilogue told what eventually happened to the main characters"
epilog, epilogue - a short speech (often in verse) addressed directly to the audience by an actor at the end of a play
peroration - (rhetoric) the concluding section of an oration; "he summarized his main points in his peroration"
recital, yarn, narration - the act of giving an account describing incidents or a course of events; "his narration was hesitant"
|3.||close - the concluding part of any performance|
|Verb||1.||close - move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut; "Close the door"; "shut the window"|
snap - close with a snapping motion; "The lock snapped shut"
slat - close the slats of (windows)
shutter - close with shutters; "We shuttered the window to keep the house cool"
draw - move or pull so as to cover or uncover something; "draw the shades"; "draw the curtains"
roll up - close (a car window) by causing it to move up, as with a handle; "she rolled up the window when it started to rain"
bung - close with a cork or stopper
|2.||close - become closed; "The windows closed with a loud bang"|
change state, turn - undergo a transformation or a change of position or action; "We turned from Socialism to Capitalism"; "The people turned against the President when he stole the election"
close, shut - move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut; "Close the door"; "shut the window"
|3.||close - cease to operate or cause to cease operating; "The owners decided to move and to close the factory"; "My business closes every night at 8 P.M."; "close up the shop"|
adjourn, retire, withdraw - break from a meeting or gathering; "We adjourned for lunch"; "The men retired to the library"
|4.||close - finish or terminate (meetings, speeches, etc.); "The meeting was closed with a charge by the chairman of the board"|
terminate, end - bring to an end or halt; "She ended their friendship when she found out that he had once been convicted of a crime"; "The attack on Poland terminated the relatively peaceful period after WW I"
open - begin or set in action, of meetings, speeches, recitals, etc.; "He opened the meeting with a long speech"
|5.||close - come to a close; "The concert closed with a nocturne by Chopin"|
end, cease, terminate, finish, stop - have an end, in a temporal, spatial, or quantitative sense; either spatial or metaphorical; "the bronchioles terminate in a capillary bed"; "Your rights stop where you infringe upon the rights of other"; "My property ends by the bushes"; "The symphony ends in a pianissimo"
|6.||close - complete a business deal, negotiation, or an agreement; "We closed on the house on Friday"; "They closed the deal on the building"|
|7.||close - be priced or listed when trading stops; "The stock market closed high this Friday"; "My new stocks closed at $59 last night"|
trade - be traded at a certain price or under certain conditions; "The stock traded around $20 a share"
|8.||close - engage at close quarters; "close with the enemy"|
|9.||close - cause a window or an application to disappear on a computer desktop|
open - display the contents of a file or start an application as on a computer
|10.||close - change one's body stance so that the forward shoulder and foot are closer to the intended point of impact|
move - move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion; "He moved his hand slightly to the right"
|11.||close - come together, as if in an embrace; "Her arms closed around her long lost relative"|
move - move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion; "He moved his hand slightly to the right"
|12.||close - draw near; "The probe closed with the space station"|
|13.||close - bring together all the elements or parts of; "Management closed ranks"|
|14.||close - bar access to; "Due to the accident, the road had to be closed for several hours"|
|15.||close - fill or stop up; "Can you close the cracks with caulking?"|
fill - plug with a substance; "fill a cavity"
seal - close with or as if with a seal; "She sealed the letter with hot wax"
plug, stop up, secure - fill or close tightly with or as if with a plug; "plug the hole"; "stop up the leak"
|16.||close - unite or bring into contact or bring together the edges of; "close the circuit"; "close a wound"; "close a book"; "close up an umbrella"|
|17.||close - finish a game in baseball by protecting a lead; "The relief pitcher closed with two runs in the second inning"|
|Adj.||1.||close - at or within a short distance in space or time or having elements near each other; "close to noon"; "how close are we to town?"; "a close formation of ships"|
distant - separated in space or coming from or going to a distance; "distant villages"; "the sound of distant traffic"; "a distant sound"; "a distant telephone call"
|2.||close - close in relevance or relationship; "a close family"; "we are all...in close sympathy with..."; "close kin"; "a close resemblance"|
|3.||close - not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances; "near neighbors"; "in the near future"; "they are near equals"; "his nearest approach to success"; "a very near thing"; "a near hit by the bomb"; "she was near tears"; "she was close to tears"; "had a close call"|
|4.||close - rigorously attentive; strict and thorough; "close supervision"; "paid close attention"; "a close study"; "kept a close watch on expenditures"|
careful - exercising caution or showing care or attention; "they were careful when crossing the busy street"; "be careful to keep her shoes clean"; "did very careful research"; "careful art restorers"; "careful of the rights of others"; "careful about one's behavior"
|5.||close - marked by fidelity to an original; "a close translation"; "a faithful copy of the portrait"; "a faithful rendering of the observed facts"|
accurate - conforming exactly or almost exactly to fact or to a standard or performing with total accuracy; "an accurate reproduction"; "the accounting was accurate"; "accurate measurements"; "an accurate scale"
|6.||close - (of a contest or contestants) evenly matched; "a close contest"; "a close election"; "a tight game"|
equal - having the same quantity, value, or measure as another; "on equal terms"; "all men are equal before the law"
|7.||close - crowded; "close quarters"|
confined - not free to move about
|8.||close - lacking fresh air; "a dusty airless attic"; "the dreadfully close atmosphere"; "hot and stuffy and the air was blue with smoke"|
unventilated - not ventilated; "stuffy unventilated rooms"
|9.||close - of textiles; "a close weave"; "smooth percale with a very tight weave"|
fine - of textures that are smooth to the touch or substances consisting of relatively small particles; "wood with a fine grain"; "fine powdery snow"; "fine rain"; "batiste is a cotton fabric with a fine weave"; "covered with a fine film of dust"
|10.||close - strictly confined or guarded; "kept under close custody"|
restrained - under restraint
|11.||close - confined to specific persons; "a close secret"|
private - confined to particular persons or groups or providing privacy; "a private place"; "private discussions"; "private lessons"; "a private club"; "a private secretary"; "private property"; "the former President is now a private citizen"; "public figures struggle to maintain a private life"
|12.||close - fitting closely but comfortably; "a close fit"|
tight - closely constrained or constricted or constricting; "tight skirts"; "he hated tight starched collars"; "fingers closed in a tight fist"; "a tight feeling in his chest"
|13.||close - used of hair or haircuts; "a close military haircut"|
short - (primarily spatial sense) having little length or lacking in length; "short skirts"; "short hair"; "the board was a foot short"; "a short toss"
|14.||close - giving or spending with reluctance; "our cheeseparing administration"; "very close (or near) with his money"; "a penny-pinching miserly old man"|
|15.||close - inclined to secrecy or reticence about divulging information; "although they knew her whereabouts her friends kept close about it"|
|Adv.||1.||close - near in time or place or relationship; "as the wedding day drew near"; "stood near the door"; "don't shoot until they come near"; "getting near to the true explanation"; "her mother is always near"; "The end draws nigh"; "the bullet didn't come close"; "don't get too close to the fire"|
|2.||close - in an attentive manner; "he remained close on his guard"|
end start, open, begin, initiate, commence
near far, future, remote, distant, far away, far off, outlying
intimate cold, cool, distant, alienated, indifferent, chilly, aloof, unfriendly, standoffish
imminent far, future, remote, distant, far away, far off
stifling fresh, refreshing, spacious, airy, roomy
the shops are very close → las tiendas están muy cerca
the hotel is close to the station → el hotel está cerca de la estación
she was close to tears → estaba a punto de llorar
according to sources close to the police → según fuentes allegadas a la policía
close by → muy cerca
come closer → acércate más
to come close to → acercarse a
we came very close to losing the match → estuvimos a punto de perder el partido, faltó poco para que perdiéramos el partido
that comes close to an insult → eso es casi un insulto
the runners finished very close → los corredores llegaron casi al mismo tiempo
to fit close → ajustarse al cuerpo
to follow close behind → seguir muy de cerca
to hold sb close → abrazar fuertemente a algn
to keep close to the wall → ir arrimado a la pared
he must be close on 50 → debe andar cerca de los 50
it's close on six o'clock → son casi las seis
stay close to me → no te alejes or separes de mí
close together → juntos, cerca uno del otro
to look at sth close up → mirar algo de cerca
close combat → lucha f cuerpo a cuerpo
at close quarters → de cerca
to come a close second to sb/sth → disputarle la primera posición a algn/algo
he was the closest thing to a real worker among us → entre nosotros él tenía más visos de ser un obrero auténtico, de nosotros él era el que tenía más visos de ser un obrero
it was a close shave → se salvaron por un pelo or de milagro
we have only invited close relations → sólo hemos invitado a parientes cercanos
she's a close friend of mine → es una amiga íntima mía
I'm very close to my sister → estoy muy unida a mi hermana
they're very close (to each other) → están muy unidos
a close circle of friends → un estrecho círculo de amigos
it was a very close contest → fue una competición muy reñida
to bear a close resemblance to → tener mucho parecido con
to pay close attention to sb/sth → prestar mucha atención a algn/algo
to keep a close watch on sb → mantener a algn bajo estricta vigilancia
it's close this afternoon → hace bochorno esta tarde
close corporation N (US) = close company close season N (Hunting, Fishing) → veda f (Ftbl) → temporada f de descanso (de la liga de fútbol)
at the close → al final
at the close of day → a la caída de la tarde
at the close of the year → al final del año
to bring sth to a close → terminar algo, concluir algo
to draw to a close → tocar a su fin, estar terminando
the doors close automatically → las puertas se cierran automáticamente
the shops close at five thirty → las tiendas cierran a las cinco y media
this window does not close properly → esta ventana no cierra bien
his eyes closed → se le cerraron los ojos
please close the door → cierra la puerta, por favor
"road closed" → cerrado el paso
to close one's eyes → cerrar los ojos
to close one's eyes to sth (= ignore) → hacer la vista gorda a algo
to close the gap between two things → llenar el hueco entre dos cosas
close your mouth when you're eating! → ¡no abras la boca comiendo!
to close ranks → cerrar filas
the days are closing in → los días son cada vez más cortos
night was closing in → caía ya la noche
the clouds closed round the peak → las nubes envolvieron la cumbre
the waters closed round it → lo envolvieron las aguas
close up, please → arrímense, por favor
The shops are very close → Les magasins sont tout près.
close to prep (= near) → près de, proche de
The youth hostel is close to the station → L'auberge de jeunesse est près de la gare.
She was close to tears
BUT Elle était au bord des larmes.
at close quarters [observe, watch] → de près
We're just inviting close relations → Nous n'invitons que les parents proches.
She's a close friend of mine → C'est une amie proche.
to be close to sb (emotionally) → être proche de qn
I'm very close to my sister → Je suis très proche de ma sœur.
It's going to be very close → Ça va être très serré.
to be too close to call → être très serré(e)
come closer → rapproche-toi
close by, close at hand (= nearby) → à côté
close behind adv → de près
close up, close to (from a short distance away) → de près
They always look smaller close to → Ils ont toujours l'air plus petits de près.
close to, close on > (British) (= nearly) → presque
What time does the pool close? → La piscine ferme à quelle heure?
The shops close at 5.30 → Les magasins ferment à cinq heures et demie.
close by, close at hand → qui or lì vicino
to hold sb close → tenere stretto/a qn
close together → vicino
stay close to me → stammi vicino
to follow close behind → seguire da vicino
the house is close to the shops → la casa è vicina ai negozi
they're very close (in age) → sono molto vicini come età (emotionally) → sono molto uniti
at close quarters → da vicino
close combat → combattimento corpo a corpo
that was a close shave (fig) (fam) → l'ho (or l'hai ) scampata per un pelo
to pay close attention to sb/sth → stare ben attento/a a qn/qc
to keep a close watch on sb → guardare qn a vista
to bring sth to a close → terminare qc
to draw to a close → avvicinarsi alla fine
to close the gap between two things (fig) → colmare il divario tra due cose
to close one's eyes to sth (fig) → ignorare qc
the days are closing in → le giornate si accorciano
to close in on sb → accerchiare qn