closely


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Related to closely: Closely held, Closely Related

close

 (klōs)
adj. clos·er, clos·est
1. Being near in space or time. See Usage Note at redundancy.
2. Being near in relationship: close relatives.
3. Bound by mutual interests, loyalties, or affections; intimate: close friends.
4. Having little or no space between elements or parts; tight and compact: a close weave.
5. Being near the surface; short: a close haircut.
6. Being on the brink of: close to tears.
7. Decided by a narrow margin; almost even: a close election.
8. Faithful to the original: a close copy.
9. Very attentive; rigorous; thorough: a close reading; close supervision.
10. Shut; closed.
11. Shut in; enclosed.
12. Confining or narrow; crowded: close quarters.
13. Fitting tightly: close garments.
14. Warm and humid or stuffy: close weather; a close room.
15. Confined to specific persons or groups: a close secret.
16. Strictly confined or guarded: kept under close custody.
17. Secretive; reticent: was close about her personal life.
18. Giving or spending with reluctance; stingy: He is known to be close with his money.
19. Not easily acquired; scarce: Money was close.
20. Linguistics Pronounced with the tongue near the palate, as the ee in meet. Used of vowels.
21. Marked by more rather than less punctuation, especially commas.
v. (klōz) closed, clos·ing, clos·es
v.tr.
1. To move (a door, for example) so that an opening or passage is covered or obstructed; shut.
2. To bar access to: closed the road for repairs.
3. To fill or stop up: closed the cracks with plaster.
4. To stop the operations of permanently or temporarily: closed down the factory.
5. To make unavailable for use: closed the area to development; closed the database to further changes.
6. To bring to an end; terminate: close a letter; close a bank account.
7. To bring together all the elements or parts of: Management closed ranks and ostracized the troublemaker.
8. To join or unite; bring into contact: close a circuit.
9. To draw or bind together the edges of: close a wound.
10. Sports To modify (one's stance), as in baseball or golf, by turning the body so that the forward shoulder and foot are closer to the intended point of impact with the ball.
11. To complete the final details or negotiations on: close a deal.
12. Archaic To enclose on all sides.
v.intr.
1. To become shut: The door closed quietly.
2. To come to an end; finish: The book closes on a hopeful note.
3. To reach an agreement; come to terms: We close on the house next week.
4. To cease operation: The shop closes at six.
5. To be priced or listed at a specified amount when trading ends: Stocks closed higher on Monday.
6.
a. To engage at close quarters: closed with the enemy.
b. To draw near: The orbiter closed with the space station in preparation for docking.
7. To come together: My arms closed around the little child.
8. Baseball To finish a game by protecting a lead. Used of relief pitchers.
n. (klōz)
1. The act of closing.
2. A conclusion; a finish: The meeting came to a close.
3. Music The concluding part of a phrase or theme; a cadence.
4. (klōs) An enclosed place, especially land surrounding or beside a cathedral or other building.
5. (klōs) Chiefly British A narrow way or alley.
6. Archaic A fight at close quarters.
adv. (klōs) closer, closest
In a close position or manner; closely: stayed close together.
Phrasal Verbs:
close in
1. To seem to be gathering in on all sides: The problems closed in.
2. To advance on a target so as to block escape: The police closed in on the sniper.
3. To surround so as to make unusable: The airport was closed in by fog.
close out
1. To dispose of (a line of merchandise) at reduced prices.
2. To terminate, as by selling: close out a business.
Idioms:
close the book on
To make a final effort regarding (something); bring to a conclusion: closed the book on her career with a fine performance.
close to home/the bone
So as to affect one's feelings or interests: Her comment hit close to home.
close to the wind Nautical
At a close angle into the direction from which the wind is blowing: sailing close to the wind.

[Middle English clos, closed, from Old French, from Latin clausus, past participle of claudere, to close. V., from Middle English closen, from Old French clore, clos-, from Latin claudere.]

clos′a·ble, close′a·ble (klō′zə-bəl) adj.
close′ly adv.
close′ness n.
clos′ing (klō′zĭng) n.
Synonyms: close, immediate, near, proximate
These adjectives mean not far from another in space, time, or relationship: an airport close to town; her immediate family; his nearest relative; the proximate neighborhood. See Also Synonyms at complete.
Antonym: far
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adv.1.closely - in a close relation or position in time or space; "the onsets were closely timed"; "houses set closely together"; "was closely involved in monitoring daily progress"
2.closely - in an attentive manner; "he remained close on his guard"
3.closely - in a close manner; "the two phenomena are intimately connected"; "the person most nearly concerned"

closely

adverb
To a point near in time, space, or relation:
Translations
بِجِواربِدِقَّه، بِشِدَّه، بأنْعام
pozornětěsnězblízka
nøjetæt
läheisestitarkastitiiviistivisusti
izbliza
nákvæmlega
ぴったりと
밀접하게
zblízka
pozornoskrbno
nära
อย่างใกล้ชิด
chặt chẽ

closely

[ˈkləʊslɪ] ADV
1. (= carefully) [look, examine] → atentamente, de cerca
to watch closelyfijarse, prestar mucha atención
to listen closelyescuchar con atención, escuchar atentamente
a closely guarded secretun secreto celosamente guardado
2. (= nearly) to resemble sth/sb closelyparecerse mucho a algo/algn
closely related/connectedestrechamente relacionado/unido
closely contestedmuy reñido
closely packed [case] → repleto
this will be a closely fought raceserá una carrera muy reñida

closely

[ˈkləʊsli] adv
[watch] → de près; [examine] → avec attention
we are closely related → nous sommes proches parents
a closely guarded secret → un secret bien gardé
to be closely connected with → être étroitement lié(e) à

closely

adv
eng, dicht; work, connecteng; wovenfest; relatednah(e), eng; follow (in time) → dicht; he was closely followed by a policemanein Polizist ging dicht hinter ihm; she held the baby closelysie drückte das Baby (fest) an sich; closely reasonedschlüssig dargestellt or -gelegt; the match was closely contestedder Spielausgang war hart umkämpft
(= attentively) watch, listen etcgenau; study alsoeingehend; guardscharf, streng; a closely-guarded secretein streng gehütetes Geheimnis

closely

[ˈkləʊslɪ] adv (guard) → strettamente, attentamente; (examine, study, watch, follow) → da vicino, attentamente; (listen) → attentamente; (resemble) → molto; (connected) → strettamente
a closely guarded secret → un segreto gelosamente custodito
we are closely related → siamo parenti stretti

close1

(kləus) adverb
1. near in time, place etc. He stood close to his mother; Follow close behind.
2. tightly; neatly. a close-fitting dress.
adjective
1. near in relationship. a close friend.
2. having a narrow difference between winner and loser. a close contest; The result was close.
3. thorough. a close examination of the facts; Keep a close watch on him.
4. tight. a close fit.
5. without fresh air. a close atmosphere; The weather was close and thundery.
6. mean. He's very close (with his money).
7. secretive. They're keeping very close about the business.
ˈclosely adverb
Look closely at him; She resembles her father closely.
ˈcloseness noun
close call/shave
a narrow (often lucky) escape. That was a close shave – that car nearly ran you over.
ˌclose-ˈset adjective
(of eyes etc) positioned very near each other.
ˈclose-up noun
a photograph or film taken near the subject and thus big in scale. The close-up of the model showed her beautiful skin.
close at hand
nearby; not far off. My mother lives close at hand.
close on
almost; nearly. She's close on sixty.
close to
1. near in time, place, relationship etc. close to 3 o'clock; close to the hospital; close to his mother.
2. almost; nearly. close to fifty years of age.

closely

بِجِوار těsně tæt eng κοντά de cerca, estrechamente läheisesti étroitement izbliza attentamente ぴったりと 밀접하게 dichtbij nær blisko de perto близко nära อย่างใกล้ชิด yakından chặt chẽ 接近地
References in classic literature ?
When the writer of these introductory lines (Walter Hartright by name) happens to be more closely connected than others with the incidents to be recorded, he will describe them in his own person.
Thus, the story here presented will be told by more than one pen, as the story of an offence against the laws is told in Court by more than one witness--with the same object, in both cases, to present the truth always in its most direct and most intelligible aspect; and to trace the course of one complete series of events, by making the persons who have been most closely connected with them, at each successive stage, relate their own experience, word for word.
277 E) that Sophocles followed the Epic Cycle closely in the plots of his plays, we may suppose that in outline the story corresponded closely to the history of Oedipus as it is found in the "Oedipus Tyrannus".
But Kerchak was close upon her, so close that he had almost grasped her ankle had she not made a furious leap far into space from one tree to another--a perilous chance which apes seldom if ever take, unless so closely pursued by danger that there is no alternative.
But she was still an ape, a huge, fierce, terrible beast of a species closely allied to the gorilla, yet more intelligent; which, with the strength of their cousin, made her kind the most fearsome of those awe-inspiring progenitors of man.
Its whole surface consisted of drops closely pressed together, and all these drops moved and changed places, sometimes several of them merging into one, sometimes one dividing into many.
Looking more closely Pierre recognized the blue-gray dog, sitting beside the soldier, wagging its tail.
Suddenly he observed a face glaring down on him and began to be very frightened; but looking more closely he found it was only a Mask such as actors use to put over their face.
Most of the animals and plants which live close round any small piece of ground, could live on it (supposing it not to be in any way peculiar in its nature), and may be said to be striving to the utmost to live there; but, it is seen, that where they come into the closest competition with each other, the advantages of diversification of structure, with the accompanying differences of habit and constitution, determine that the inhabitants, which thus jostle each other most closely, shall, as a general rule, belong to what we call different genera and orders.
Fourthly, the Mylodon Darwinii, a closely related genus of little inferior size.
WHILE a Division Superintendent of a railway was attending closely to his business of placing obstructions on the track and tampering with the switches he received word that the President of the road was about to discharge him for incompetency.
With some little difficulty I at length came within sight of him, approached, and followed him closely, yet cautiously, so as not to attract his attention.