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adj. clos·er, clos·est
1. Being near in space or time. See Usage Note at redundancy.
2. Being near in relationship: close relatives.
3. Bound by mutual interests, loyalties, or affections; intimate: close friends.
4. Having little or no space between elements or parts; tight and compact: a close weave.
5. Being near the surface; short: a close haircut.
6. Being on the brink of: close to tears.
7. Decided by a narrow margin; almost even: a close election.
8. Faithful to the original: a close copy.
9. Very attentive; rigorous; thorough: a close reading; close supervision.
10. Shut; closed.
11. Shut in; enclosed.
12. Confining or narrow; crowded: close quarters.
13. Fitting tightly: close garments.
14. Warm and humid or stuffy: close weather; a close room.
15. Confined to specific persons or groups: a close secret.
16. Strictly confined or guarded: kept under close custody.
17. Secretive; reticent: was close about her personal life.
18. Giving or spending with reluctance; stingy: He is known to be close with his money.
19. Not easily acquired; scarce: Money was close.
20. Linguistics Pronounced with the tongue near the palate, as the ee in meet. Used of vowels.
21. Marked by more rather than less punctuation, especially commas.
v. (klōz) closed, clos·ing, clos·es
1. To move (a door, for example) so that an opening or passage is covered or obstructed; shut.
2. To bar access to: closed the road for repairs.
3. To fill or stop up: closed the cracks with plaster.
4. To stop the operations of permanently or temporarily: closed down the factory.
5. To make unavailable for use: closed the area to development; closed the database to further changes.
6. To bring to an end; terminate: close a letter; close a bank account.
7. To bring together all the elements or parts of: Management closed ranks and ostracized the troublemaker.
8. To join or unite; bring into contact: close a circuit.
9. To draw or bind together the edges of: close a wound.
10. Sports To modify (one's stance), as in baseball or golf, by turning the body so that the forward shoulder and foot are closer to the intended point of impact with the ball.
11. To complete the final details or negotiations on: close a deal.
12. Archaic To enclose on all sides.
1. To become shut: The door closed quietly.
2. To come to an end; finish: The book closes on a hopeful note.
3. To reach an agreement; come to terms: We close on the house next week.
4. To cease operation: The shop closes at six.
5. To be priced or listed at a specified amount when trading ends: Stocks closed higher on Monday.
a. To engage at close quarters: closed with the enemy.
b. To draw near: The orbiter closed with the space station in preparation for docking.
7. To come together: My arms closed around the little child.
8. Baseball To finish a game by protecting a lead. Used of relief pitchers.
n. (klōz)
1. The act of closing.
2. A conclusion; a finish: The meeting came to a close.
3. Music The concluding part of a phrase or theme; a cadence.
4. (klōs) An enclosed place, especially land surrounding or beside a cathedral or other building.
5. (klōs) Chiefly British A narrow way or alley.
6. Archaic A fight at close quarters.
adv. (klōs) closer, closest
In a close position or manner; closely: stayed close together.
Phrasal Verbs:
close in
1. To seem to be gathering in on all sides: The problems closed in.
2. To advance on a target so as to block escape: The police closed in on the sniper.
3. To surround so as to make unusable: The airport was closed in by fog.
close out
1. To dispose of (a line of merchandise) at reduced prices.
2. To terminate, as by selling: close out a business.
close the book on
To make a final effort regarding (something); bring to a conclusion: closed the book on her career with a fine performance.
close to home/the bone
So as to affect one's feelings or interests: Her comment hit close to home.
close to the wind Nautical
At a close angle into the direction from which the wind is blowing: sailing close to the wind.

[Middle English clos, closed, from Old French, from Latin clausus, past participle of claudere, to close. V., from Middle English closen, from Old French clore, clos-, from Latin claudere.]

clos′a·ble, close′a·ble (klō′zə-bəl) adj.
close′ly adv.
close′ness n.
clos′ing (klō′zĭng) n.
Synonyms: close, immediate, near, proximate
These adjectives mean not far from another in space, time, or relationship: an airport close to town; her immediate family; his nearest relative; the proximate neighborhood. See Also Synonyms at complete.
Antonym: far




  1. Always together … like Siamese twins —Nina Bawden
  2. [Cid and his wife Juena] are like the nail [fingernail] and the flesh —The Lay of the Cid, epic poem

    According to a grad student at SUNY, Stony Brook, NY, this is the only simile in this 3500-verse epic poem dating back to 1140 a.d.

  3. As close to him as sticking plaster —Cornell Woolrich
  4. Close as an uncracked nut —Play: All Vows Kept, Anon
  5. Close as a dead heat —Anon
  6. Close as fingers inside a pair of mittens —Anon
  7. Close as flies in a bottle —Shana Alexander
  8. Close as the bark to a tree —Sir Charles Sedley

    This simile is also used to describe stinginess.

    See Also: THRIFT

  9. Close as the ‘cu’ in cucumbers —Anon
  10. Close as the gum on a postage stamp —Anon
  11. Close as two peas in a pod —H. I. Phillips

    Common usage has created twists such as “Close as two peas on a plate.”

    See Also: SIMILARITY

  12. Close like exiles from a remote and forgotten land —A. R. Guerney, Jr.
  13. Close together as the two shells of an oyster —Leonard McNally
  14. Get as close as an Eskimo does to a fire in his igloo in the tundra —Anon, from radio broadcast
  15. His face was so close to hers that it was out of focus, like a cloud passing in front of the sun —Michael Korda
  16. Inseparable as a baseball fan and a bag of peanuts —Anon
  17. Inseparable as finger and thumb —George Farquhar
  18. Inseparable as a shadow to a body —Robert Burton
  19. Inseparable as Don Quixote and Sancho Panza —Anon
  20. Inseparable like ivy, which grows beautifully so long as it twines around a tree, but is of no use when it is separated —Moliére

    The original has been transcribed from “A woman is like ivy” for a less gender-oriented interpretation.

  21. Intimate as two sardines in a can —Anon
  22. Near as the end of one’s nose —Anon


  23. Near as twilight is to darkness —Thomas Paine
  24. Stayed as close to that woman as a pimple —Charles Johnson

    See Also: CLINGING

  25. They’re as thick as three in a bed —Scottish saying
  26. They were all standing around him thick as bees —Cornell Woolrich
  27. (It is proper that families remain) thick like good soup —J. P. Donleavy
  28. We were like two kernels in one almond —Sadi
  29. Wrapped tight an as eggroll —Donald McCaig
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.closeness - a feeling of being intimate and belonging togethercloseness - a feeling of being intimate and belonging together; "their closeness grew as the night wore on"
belonging - happiness felt in a secure relationship; "with his classmates he felt a sense of belonging"
togetherness - affectionate closeness; "togetherness is the new wonder ingredient in marriage"
2.closeness - the quality of being close and poorly ventilated
quality - an essential and distinguishing attribute of something or someone; "the quality of mercy is not strained"--Shakespeare
3.closeness - the spatial property resulting from a relatively small distance; "the sudden closeness of the dock sent him into action"
distance - the property created by the space between two objects or points
propinquity, proximity - the property of being close together
adjacency, contiguity, contiguousness - the attribute of being so near as to be touching
4.closeness - extreme stinginesscloseness - extreme stinginess      
stinginess - a lack of generosity; a general unwillingness to part with money
littleness, pettiness, smallness - lack of generosity in trifling matters
miserliness - total lack of generosity with money
5.closeness - characterized by a lack of openness (especially about one's actions or purposes)
unsociability, unsociableness - an unsociable disposition; avoiding friendship or companionship
furtiveness, sneakiness, stealthiness - a disposition to be sly and stealthy and to do things surreptitiously
openness, nakedness - characterized by an attitude of ready accessibility (especially about one's actions or purposes); without concealment; not secretive
6.closeness - close or warm friendshipcloseness - close or warm friendship; "the absence of fences created a mysterious intimacy in which no one knew privacy"
friendliness - a friendly disposition


1. nearness, proximity, handiness, adjacency the closeness of China to Hong Kong
2. imminence, nearness, impendency this ever-present feeling of the closeness of death
3. intimacy, love, devotion, confidentiality, familiarity, dearness, inseparability He experienced a lack of closeness to his parents during childhood.


قُرب، حَميمِيَّه
òéttleiki; innileiki; launung
ağzı sıkılıkcimrilikhavasızlıksıkılıkyakınlık


[ˈkləʊsnɪs] N
1. (= nearness) → proximidad f; [of resemblance] → parecido m; [of translation] → fidelidad f
2. [of friendship] → intimidad f
3. [of weather, atmosphere] → pesadez f, bochorno m; [of room] → mala ventilación f
4. [of election] → lo muy reñido
5. (= secretiveness) → reserva f; (= meanness) → tacañería f


[ˈkləʊsnɪs] n
(emotional)intimité f
closeness to sb → intimité avec qn
(to place)proximité fclose-run [ˌkləʊsˈrʌn] adj [race, contest] → serré(e)close season [ˌkləʊsˈsiːzən] n (British)
(for hunting)période f de fermeture de la chasse; (for fishing)période f de fermeture de la pêche
(for football)intersaison fclose-shaven [ˌkləʊsˈʃeɪvən] adjrasé(e) de près


(= nearness, in time) → Nähe f; she could feel his closeness to hersie konnte seine Nähe fühlen
(fig, of friendship) → Innigkeit f; thanks to the closeness of their co-operation …dank ihrer engen Zusammenarbeit; the closeness of their relationship/resemblance caused problemsihre so enge Beziehung/ihre große Ähnlichkeit verursachte Probleme
(fig: of reasoning) → Schlüssigkeit f; (Sport, of game) → Geschlossenheit f; the closeness of the print/weavedie große Druck-/(Ge)webedichte
(of examination, interrogation)Genauigkeit f; (of watch)Strenge f; (of translation)Textnähe for -treue f
the closeness (of the air)die Schwüle; (indoors) → die stickige Luft
(of race etc)knapper Ausgang; the closeness of the finishder knappe Ausgang des Rennens


[ˈkləʊsnɪs] n (nearness) → vicinanza; (of friendship) → profondità; (of room) → mancanza d'aria
the closeness of the weather → il tempo afoso
the closeness of the resemblance → la stretta somiglianza


(kləus) adverb
1. near in time, place etc. He stood close to his mother; Follow close behind.
2. tightly; neatly. a close-fitting dress.
1. near in relationship. a close friend.
2. having a narrow difference between winner and loser. a close contest; The result was close.
3. thorough. a close examination of the facts; Keep a close watch on him.
4. tight. a close fit.
5. without fresh air. a close atmosphere; The weather was close and thundery.
6. mean. He's very close (with his money).
7. secretive. They're keeping very close about the business.
ˈclosely adverb
Look closely at him; She resembles her father closely.
ˈcloseness noun
close call/shave
a narrow (often lucky) escape. That was a close shave – that car nearly ran you over.
ˌclose-ˈset adjective
(of eyes etc) positioned very near each other.
ˈclose-up noun
a photograph or film taken near the subject and thus big in scale. The close-up of the model showed her beautiful skin.
close at hand
nearby; not far off. My mother lives close at hand.
close on
almost; nearly. She's close on sixty.
close to
1. near in time, place, relationship etc. close to 3 o'clock; close to the hospital; close to his mother.
2. almost; nearly. close to fifty years of age.
References in classic literature ?
The fetid closeness of the air, and a famishing diet, united perhaps to some fears of ultimate retribution, had constrained them to surrender at discretion.
But, when his nephew, leaning an elbow on the table, covered his eyes thoughtfully and dejectedly with his hand, the fine mask looked at him sideways with a stronger concentration of keenness, closeness, and dislike, than was comportable with its wearer's assumption of indifference.
This may be fancy, though I think the memory of most of us can go farther back into such times than many of us suppose; just as I believe the power of observation in numbers of very young children to be quite wonderful for its closeness and accuracy.
I drew it out, and at his desire, as well as I could, expressed to him the use of it; and charging it only with powder, which, by the closeness of my pouch, happened to escape wetting in the sea (an inconvenience against which all prudent mariners take special care to provide,) I first cautioned the emperor not to be afraid, and then I let it off in the air.
for we always conversed, whenever good fortune and my ingenuity gave us the chance, with the greatest gaiety and cheerfulness, mingling tears, sighs, jealousies, doubts, or fears with our words; it was all on my part a eulogy of my good fortune that Heaven should have given her to me for my mistress; I glorified her beauty, I extolled her worth and her understanding; and she paid me back by praising in me what in her love for me she thought worthy of praise; and besides we had a hundred thousand trifles and doings of our neighbours and acquaintances to talk about, and the utmost extent of my boldness was to take, almost by force, one of her fair white hands and carry it to my lips, as well as the closeness of the low grating that separated us allowed me.
Its sides cannot yield; it coheres spontaneously, and not by the closeness of its rivets; and its perfect union of the materials enables it to defy the roughest seas.
I took it, and began gnawing it, as serenely as possible, in spite of a certain trepidation and the nearly intolerable closeness of the den.
D'Artagnan, sick of the closeness of Paris, thought that when a man had three names of his different estates joined one to another, he ought to be very happy in such a paradise; then he shook his head, saying, "If I were Porthos and D'Artagnan came to make me such a proposition as I am going to make to him, I know what I should say to it.
And when I turned my head to take a parting glance at the tug which had just left us anchored outside the bar, I saw the straight line of the flat shore joined to the stable sea, edge to edge, with a perfect and unmarked closeness, in one leveled floor half brown, half blue under the enor- mous dome of the sky.
To be losing such pleasures was no trifle; to be losing them, because she was in the midst of closeness and noise, to have confinement, bad air, bad smells, substituted for liberty, freshness, fragrance, and verdure, was infinitely worse: but even these incitements to regret were feeble, compared with what arose from the conviction of being missed by her best friends, and the longing to be useful to those who were wanting her!
Thus they were mutually held, and the closeness was at any rate such that, for a little, though it took account of dangers, it did without words.
Rose felt the closeness of his scrutiny, sensed the unusual cordiality of his mood, but from the depths of her hardly won wisdom took no apparent notice of it.