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n. pl. clos·trid·i·a (-ē-ə)
Any of various rod-shaped, spore-forming, chiefly anaerobic bacteria of the genus Clostridium, such as certain nitrogen-fixing species found in soil and those causing botulism and tetanus.

[New Latin Clōstridium, genus name, from Greek klōstēr, klōstr-, spindle, from klōthein, to spin.]

clos·trid′i·al (-əl) adj.


n, pl -iums or -ia (-ɪə)
(Microbiology) any anaerobic typically rod-shaped bacterium of the genus Clostridium, occurring mainly in soil, but also in the intestines of humans and animals: family Bacillaceae. The genus includes the species causing botulism and tetanus
[C20: from New Latin, literally: small spindle, from Greek klōstēr spindle, from klōthein to spin; see -ium]
closˈtridial, closˈtridian adj


(klɒˈstrɪd i əm)

n., pl. clos•trid•i•a (klɒˈstrɪd i ə)
any of several rod-shaped, spore-forming, anaerobic bacteria of the genus Clostridium, found in soil and in the intestinal tract.
[< New Latin (1880) < Greek klōstr-, <klōstḗr spindle]
clos•trid′i•al, clos•trid′i•an, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.clostridium - spindle-shaped bacterial cell especially one swollen at the center by an endospore
eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
genus Clostridium - anaerobic or micro-aerophilic rod-shaped or spindle-shaped saprophytes; nearly cosmopolitan in soil, animal intestines, and dung
References in periodicals archive ?
It may stimulate a specific bowel bacterium, Clostridium difficile to become more virulent.
We describe an unusual and protracted course of disease in 6 captive brown pelicans (Pelecanus occidentalis), which was believed to result from toxicosis by toxovar A produced by a mixed infection with Clostridium sordellii and Clostridium perfringens.
Clostridium difficile is an anaerobic toxin-producing intestinal pathogen that causes hospital and community-acquired diarrhea and colitis.
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M2 EQUITYBITES-May 12, 2017-Synthetic Biologics Inc granted US FDA breakthrough therapy designation for SYN-004 for clostridium difficile infection
Among their topics are general physiological and virulence properties of the pathogenic clostridia, disease produced by Clostridium perfringens type A in mammalian species, diseases produced by Clostrium difficile, gas gangrene (malignant edema), bacillary hemoglobinuria, and botulism.
Clostridium difficile is a common cause of antimicrobial-associated diarrhea in Finland (
Objective: This study investigated the incidence, risk factors, and clinical characteristics of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD) in Chinese patients.
Global Markets Direct's, 'Clostridium difficile Infections (Clostridium difficile Associated Disease) - Pipeline Review, H1 2016', provides an overview of the Clostridium difficile Infections (Clostridium difficile Associated Disease) pipeline landscape.
Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) are the leading worldwide cause of healthcare-associated diarrhea and in some countries CDI surpass all other healthcare-associated infections (HCAI).
Clostridium lavalense (Phylum Firmicutes, Order Clostridiales) is a recently described bacterial species [1].