Resistance rates to all antibiotics routinely tested across each genus Antibiotic % resistance Antibiotic % resistance Amikacin 8 Colistin 12 Ampicillin 85 Ertapenem 2 Co-amoxiclav 49 Erythromycin 53 Benzyl penicillin 100 Gentamicin 35 Cefotaxime 49 Imipenem 23 Cefoxitin 49 Linezolid 0 Ceftazidime 44 Meropenem 19 Cephamdole 84 Piperacillin 21 -tazobactam Ciprofloxacin 30 Trimethoprim 77 Cloxacillin
22 Vancomycin 10 Table 6.
As the Lowman editorial181 confirms, 'good ol' cloxacillin
(a far superior drug to vancomycin in the treatment of S.
In view of acute inguinal lymphadenitis, the child was started on intravenous cloxacillin
but there was neither resolution of lymphadenitis nor defervescence of fever even after five days of antibiotics.
In this research, researchers tended to produce zinc sulfide nanoparticles and to use the nanoparticles as photocatalysts in increasing the degradation of antibiotics, including amoxicillin, ampicillin, penicillin, and cloxacillin
11) Misidentification of MRSA as MSSA would be considered a serious hazard to patients because it could prompt inappropriate de-escalation of vancomycin therapy to cefazolin or cloxacillin
, leaving the patient on ineffective therapy for a potentially life-threatening condition.
In this case, because community-acquired cellulitis in South Africa is still most commonly caused by [beta]-haemolytic streptococci or methicillinsensitive Staphylococcus aureus, the most appropriate agent would have been highdose oral cloxacillin
, particularly for nonpurulent cellulitis, which is safe, inexpensive and highly effective.
The antibiotics used included tetracycline (30 [micro]g), oxacillin (1 fig), cloxacillin
(5 [micro]g), cephalexin (30 [micro]g), vancomycin (30 [micro]g), erythromycin (15 [micro]g), gentamycin (10 [micro]g), and neomycin (30 [micro]g).
Similarly, resistance to tobramycin, ampicillin, cloxacillin
and vancomycin was eliminated in the cured derivatives of E.
Early surgery is critical for treating necrotizing fasciitis, and empiric broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotic therapy--such as a combination of a third-generation cephalosporin, penicillin or cloxacillin
, an aminoglycoside, and either clindamycin or metronidazole--should be initiated immediately.
Culture of saliva from the parotid ducts was positive for coagulase negative streptococci and was sensitive to cloxacillin
, erythromycin and amikacin.
She was unresponsive to cloxacillin
and surgical debridement.
Following a deterioration of the surgical wounds, the patient was readmitted and started on cloxacillin
(1 g intravenous infusion 6-hourly).