Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to clyster: Clyster pipe


An enema.

[Middle English clister, from Old French clistere, from Latin clyster, from Greek klustēr, clyster pipe, from kluzein, to wash out.]


(Medicine) med a former name for an enema
[C14: from Greek klustēr, from kluzein to rinse]


(ˈklɪs tər)

an enema.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin < Greek klystḗr <*klyd-, base of klýzein to rinse out (compare cataclysm)]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.clyster - an injection of a liquid through the anus to stimulate evacuationclyster - an injection of a liquid through the anus to stimulate evacuation; sometimes used for diagnostic purposes
irrigation - (medicine) cleaning a wound or body organ by flushing or washing out with water or a medicated solution
colonic, colonic irrigation - a water enema given to flush out the colon
barium enema - enema in which a contrast medium (usually barium sulfate) is injected into the rectum and X-rays are taken to search for lesions
References in classic literature ?
Their next business is from herbs, minerals, gums, oils, shells, salts, juices, seaweed, excrements, barks of trees, serpents, toads, frogs, spiders, dead men's flesh and bones, birds, beasts, and fishes, to form a composition, for smell and taste, the most abominable, nauseous, and detestable, they can possibly contrive, which the stomach immediately rejects with loathing, and this they call a vomit; or else, from the same store-house, with some other poisonous additions, they command us to take in at the orifice above or below (just as the physician then happens to be disposed) a medicine equally annoying and disgustful to the bowels; which, relaxing the belly, drives down all before it; and this they call a purge, or a clyster.
No case of ileus occurred during the short-term or long-term postoperative period in Group A (two patients were lost to follow-up), but six cases in Group B developed ileus during hospitalization; their symptoms improved after therapy including jejunitis, gastrointestinal decompression, ambulation, and glycerin enema clyster.
For the importance of smell in this passage, see Saunders, "Iago's Clyster," 170-71; and Dennis Kezar, "Shakespeare's Addictions," Critical Inquiry 30, no.
Wikipedia states that clyster is an old word for enema.
Medicine did not work till a clyster was applied, which was operated well and afforded him temporary relief through the day.
In mountebank/commedia sketches the doctor figure is often portrayed administering a clyster through a syringe.