The animal model studies were repeated in mice and hamsters to evaluate the potential of the SV40 virus as a carcinogen as well as a cocarcinogen
, when tested in combination with asbestos, to cause MM.
It is not known whether alcohol is directly carcinogenic for these tumors or acts as a cocarcinogen
In addition, arsenic as a carcinogen acts by inducing DNA hypomethylation to compliment devious gene expressions, and thus was regarded as a cocarcinogen
or promoter of carcinogenesis .
Researchers also have no clear understanding of the potential mechanisms through which alcohol might act as a cocarcinogen
at these sites (IARC 1988; Doll et al.
Identification of cytomegalovirus as a carcinogen, cocarcinogen
, or simply a passenger in these disease states is still under investigation.
Pharmaceutical nicotine such as that contained in Habitrol is neither a carcinogen nor a cocarcinogen
2] In addition, nitrite in meats upon ingestion may also produce N-nitrosamines in the stomach or may act as a cocarcinogen