coccus


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to coccus: lactobacillus, Coccus cacti

coc·cus

 (kŏk′əs)
n. pl. coc·ci (kŏk′sī, kŏk′ī)
A bacterium having a spherical or spheroidal shape.

[New Latin, from Greek kokkos, grain, seed.]

coc′cal (kŏk′əl) adj.

coccus

(ˈkɒkəs)
n, pl -ci (-saɪ)
1. (Microbiology) any spherical or nearly spherical bacterium, such as a staphylococcus. Compare bacillus1, spirillum1
2. (Botany) the part of a fruit that contains one seed and separates from the whole fruit at maturity
3. (Animals) any of the scale insects of the genus Coccus
[C18: from New Latin, from Greek kokkos berry, grain]
ˈcoccoid, coˈcoidal, ˈcoccal, coccic adj
ˈcoccous adj

coc•cus

(ˈkɒk əs)

n., pl. -ci (-sī, -sē).
a spherical bacterium.
[1755–65; < New Latin < Greek kókkos grain, seed, berry]
coc′cal, coc′cic (-sɪk) adj.
coc′cous, adj.

-coccus

a combining form representing coccus in the names of bacteria: streptococcus.

coc·cus

(kŏk′əs)
Plural cocci (kŏk′sī, kŏk′ī)
Any of various bacteria that are shaped like a sphere and are usually linked together to form chains.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.coccus - any spherical or nearly spherical bacteriacoccus - any spherical or nearly spherical bacteria
eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria - a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella
staph, staphylococci, staphylococcus - spherical Gram-positive parasitic bacteria that tend to form irregular colonies; some cause boils or septicemia or infections
Translations

coc·cus

n. L. coco, bacteria de forma esférica.

coccus

n (pl -ci) coco
References in periodicals archive ?
A red to purple coloring pigment obtained from dried bodies of the female insect Coccus cacti, carmine (or cochineal) must be labeled in a packaged food or beverage product because it is a potential allergen.
In 2000, it was approved by FDA to be used for infection caused by gram- positive coccus, including suspected or confirmed Hospital Acquired Pneumonia (HAP) caused by MRSA, Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP), skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) and vancomycin- resistant enterococcus infection.
marginatus, Phenacoccus solenopsis and Coccus viridis (Coccus viridis used as an outgroup) were obtained from GenBank, with accession Nos.
Based on morphological characteristics, PL 13 was confirmed as a bacteria because it have coccus shaped and gram negative characteristic.
suis is an encapsulated gram-positive, catalase-negative facultative anaerobe coccus, positive for Lancefield group antigens R-S or T.
arlettae is a non-motile, Gram-positive coccus commonly isolated from human and animal skin and mucous membranes.
The list of FDA-approved sources for natural colorings is long and includes beets, carrots, grapes, tomatoes, elderberries, purple corn, red cabbage, sweet potatoes, annatto tree seeds, turmeric, paprika, chlorophyll, iron, titanium dioxide and a bug called Coccus Cacti L.