codon


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Related to codon: anticodon, codon usage, Anti codon

co·don

 (kō′dŏn′)
n.
A sequence of three adjacent nucleotides constituting the genetic code that determines the insertion of a specific amino acid in a polypeptide chain during protein synthesis or the signal to stop protein synthesis.

[cod(e) + -on.]

codon

(ˈkəʊdɒn)
n
1. (Genetics) genetics biochem a unit that consists of three adjacent bases on a DNA molecule and that determines the position of a specific amino acid in a protein molecule during protein synthesis
2. (Biochemistry) genetics biochem a unit that consists of three adjacent bases on a DNA molecule and that determines the position of a specific amino acid in a protein molecule during protein synthesis
[C20: from code + -on]

co•don

(ˈkoʊ dɒn)

n.
a triplet of adjacent nucleotides in the messenger RNA chain that codes for a specific amino acid in the synthesis of a protein molecule. Compare anticodon.
[1960–65; code + -on1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.codon - a specific sequence of three adjacent nucleotides on a strand of DNA or RNA that specifies the genetic code information for synthesizing a particular amino acid
sequence - serial arrangement in which things follow in logical order or a recurrent pattern; "the sequence of names was alphabetical"; "he invented a technique to determine the sequence of base pairs in DNA"
References in periodicals archive ?
Objective: To investigate TP53 gene codon 72 polymorphism in women with endometriosis and compare it with healthy samples.
Most of the mutations (60%) in rpoB Gene were observed on codon 531 while all the mutations in katG Gene were observed on codon 315.
Napocor) held the ceremonial switch-on and energization of the 32-kilometer Codon to Virac 69 KV transmission line and the 10 MVA Virac Substation in Catanduanes last July 21.
were sequenced, their genomic structure examined, and their genome organization, arrangement and codon usage analyzed.
The most frequent mutation was detected at codon S531L, which was seen in 141 (19.
Single substitution causes mutations in codon 600, resulting in cell transformation (V600E-is the most common mutation in BRAF and comprises about 80% of all mutations) [31].
9) Mutations at codon 407, 410, 420, 425 (456 now) and insertions between 408 and 409 have been confirmed to be associated with rifampicin resistance and were also supported by MFP studies.
Objective: The polymorphism in codon 399 of the X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1) gene may subtly alter structure of DNA repair enzymes and modulate the repair capacity.
At the next step, according to the most codon usages in chicken (Rao et al.
Roughly 90% of the activating mutations, that are influential solitary amino acid replacement in the GTPase pocket that guide to a block of the activity of K-ras p21 protein, are recognized in codons 12 (GGT) and 13 (GGC) of exon 1 and almost 5% in codon 61 (CAA) situated in exon 2.
Some epidemiological studies show a prevalence of K-ras codon 12 mutations over mutations in codon 13 in CRC tumours.