cognation


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cog·nate

 (kŏg′nāt′)
adj.
1. Related by blood; having a common ancestor.
2. Related in origin, as certain words in genetically related languages descended from the same ancestral root; for example, English name and Latin nōmen from Indo-European *nō̆-men-.
3. Related or analogous in nature, character, or function.
n.
1. One related by blood or origin with another, especially a person sharing an ancestor with another.
2. A word related to one in another language.
3. A sequence of university courses taken as an adjunct to a graduate degree program: earned an MA in linguistics with a cognate in computer science.

[Latin cognātus : co-, co- + gnātus, born, past participle of nāscī, to be born; see genə- in Indo-European roots.]

cog·na′tion n.

cog•na•tion

(kɒgˈneɪ ʃən)

n.
cognate relationship.
[1350–1400]

cognation

relationship through female descent. Cf. agnation. — cognate, adj.
See also: Relationship
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cognation - line of descent traced through the maternal side of the familycognation - line of descent traced through the maternal side of the family
unilateral descent - line of descent traced through one side of the family
2.cognation - (anthropology) related by blood
anthropology - the social science that studies the origins and social relationships of human beings
family relationship, kinship, relationship - (anthropology) relatedness or connection by blood or marriage or adoption
References in periodicals archive ?
Wines lower in alcohol will cue the brain to release endorphins, without over-impairing a person's cognation, striking to perfect balance to remove fears and encourage flirtation.
Since this change reduces the cognate portion for word stems to a single consonant, the result does not provide very good evidence for that cognation.