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n. pl. cog·no·mens or cog·nom·i·na (-nŏm′ə-nə)
a. A family name; a surname.
b. The third and usually last name of a citizen of ancient Rome, as Caesar in Gaius Julius Caesar.
2. A name, especially a descriptive nickname or epithet acquired through usage over a period of time.

[Latin cognōmen : co-, con-, co- (influenced by cognōscere, to know) + nōmen, name; see nō̆-men- in Indo-European roots.]

cog·nom′i·nal (-nŏm′ə-nəl) adj.


n, pl -nomens or -nomina (-ˈnɒmɪnə; -ˈnəʊ-)
(Historical Terms) (originally) an ancient Roman's third name or nickname, which later became his family name. See also agnomen, nomen, praenomen
[C19: from Latin: additional name, from co- together + nōmen name; influenced in form by cognōscere to learn]
cognominal adj
cogˈnominally adv


(kɒgˈnoʊ mən)

n., pl. -no•mens, -nom•i•na (-ˈnɒm ə nə)
1. any name, esp. a nickname or epithet.
2. the third and commonly the last name of a citizen of ancient Rome, indicating the person's house or family, as “Caesar” in “Gaius Julius Caesar.” Compare agnomen (def. 1).
3. a surname.
[1800–10; < Latin, =co- co- + nōmen name]
cog•nom′i•nal (-ˈnɒm ə nəl, -ˈnoʊ mə-) adj.


1. Ancient Rome. the third and usually last name in Roman personal names, as Caesar of Gaius Julius Caesar.
2. a surname or family name.
3. a nickname. — cognominal. adj.
See also: Names
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cognomen - a familiar name for a person (often a shortened version of a person's given name)cognomen - a familiar name for a person (often a shortened version of a person's given name); "Joe's mother would not use his nickname and always called him Joseph"; "Henry's nickname was Slim"
appellation, appellative, designation, denomination - identifying word or words by which someone or something is called and classified or distinguished from others
2.cognomen - the name used to identify the members of a family (as distinguished from each member's given name)
name - a language unit by which a person or thing is known; "his name really is George Washington"; "those are two names for the same thing"
maiden name - a woman's surname before marriage


The word or words by which one is called and identified:
Slang: handle, moniker.


[kɒgˈnəʊmen] N (frm) (cognomens or cognomina (pl)) (= surname) → apellido m; (= nickname) → apodo m
References in classic literature ?
Hereafter a very notorious Roman Emperor will institute this worship in Rome, and thence derive a cognomen, Heliogabalus.
Both the name and the idea appealed to Number Thirteen and from that time he adopted Bulan as his rightful cognomen.
Under the temporary pressure of pecuniary liabilities, contracted with a view to their immediate liquidation, but remaining unliquidated through a combination of circumstances, I have been under the necessity of assuming a garb from which my natural instincts recoil - I allude to spectacles - and possessing myself of a cognomen, to which I can establish no legitimate pretensions.
The cognomen of Crane was not inapplicable to his person.
Third, the fact that the two consuls share the cognomen Geminus is distinctive and memorable.
Although there is a contemporary reference to Eliot as "The Apostle," Cogley probably overuses the cognomen for his missionary hero.
Therefore, by the fourteenth century the ethnic derivation of a cognomen no longer serves as a reliable indicator of the ethnic background of its bearer, without additional contextual information.
But if Dio had been given citizenship by his friend when he was emperor we would have expected Dio to take Nerva's nomen Cocceius as his nomen rather than adapt it to the cognomen Cocceianus.
5) The sole scribe identifies himself in the colophon as one Wulfwinus cognomen Cada.
Salomies, Die romischen Vornamen, 1987), nomen, and cognomen.
As we will see, the cognomen of Nicholas Copernicus has aptly been affixed to a revolutionary approach to command, control, communications, computers and information (C4I).
Por ello, creemos que la opcion logica es interpretar el primer signo como el nexo FE, lo que permitiria transcribir esa grafia como Felicia, un cognomen frecuente y del que se conocen diversos ejemplos en la Betica -en Cadiz (cil II, 1870) y en Las Cabezuelas (ae 1998)-.