colistin


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Related to colistin: Colistin sulfate

co·lis·tin

 (kə-lĭs′tĭn, kō-)
n.
An antibiotic produced by the bacterium Bacillus polymyxa (also known as B. colistinus) that is effective against a wide range of gram-negative bacteria and is used in the treatment of certain infections, especially of the ear.

[From New Latin colistīnus, specific epithet, from coli-.]

colistin

(kəˈlɪstɪn)
n
(Medicine) a polymyxin antibiotic

co•lis•tin

(kəˈlɪs tɪn)

n.
a broad-spectrum antibiotic derived from the soil bacterium Bacillus colistinus, used esp. for treating gastroenteritis.
[1950–55; < New Latin colistinus epithet for a variety of Bacillus polymyxa]
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the company, the antibacterial class of polymyxins includes the drugs colistin and polymyxin B, essential antibiotics with potent activity against gram-negative pathogens, including E.
A study by the Bureau of Investigative Journalism has found that hundreds of tonnes of colistin have been shipped to India for the routine treatment of animals, chiefly chickens, on farms.
Summary: Warning over wider global health impacts after findings reveal hundreds of tonnes of colistin -- the 'antibiotic of last resort' -- are being shipped to India's farms
These isolates displayed significant resistance against commonly used antibiotics including carbapenem and colistin proved to be most effective drug.
Thus, our therapeutic options against infections due to Carbapenemase producing bacteria are often limited to Tigecycline, Fosfomycin and Colistin.
2] This trend correlates with the mounting rates of MDR and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Gram-negative pathogens, which include the carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE), which often require the use of older, more toxic drugs such as colistin as last-resort salvage therapy for critically ill patients in hospital settings.
KPC-3] in Escherichia coli Sequence Type 744 after Meropenem and Colistin Therapy, Portugal
Using the Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method, the isolates were tested for antimicrobial susceptibilities to antibiotics: piperacillin-tazobactam, ampicillin-sulbactam, cefepime, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, meropenem, imipenem, amikacin, colistin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, tetracycline and gentamicin.
Improved Outcomes with Plazomicin (PLZ) Compared with Colistin (CST) in Patients with Bloodstream Infections (BSI) Caused by Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE): Results from the CARE Study
The tested antibiotics were amikacin (AN), ciprofloxacin (CP), imipenem (IPM), gentamicin (GM), ceftazidime (CAZ), tobramycin (TOB), piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP), cefepime (CPM), colistin (CST), and co trimoxazole (TMP/SMX).