Yet he convincingly suggests that Petain was motivated in his collaborationism
only by a kind of French nationalism, albeit one of an extremely deluded and hypocritical variety.
Redefining Fascism, Collaborationism
and Resistance in France," French Historical Studies 15 (1988), 731-58; Rousso, Vichy Syndrome, pp.
Naturally, this has sparked off a heated debate within ANC ranks with accusations of defeatism, appeasement and collaborationism
being routinely bandied about.
The only problem with my theory of me being the love child of Maurice Chevalier is that in 1944, a year before my birth, when the allies freed France, Chevalier was accused of collaborationism
64) The union label, still tied to what many may understand as class collaborationism
, here emphasizes a deeply rooted, even biblical injunction to the entire working class, united in solidarity, to improve its collective position in life.
One of the odd aspects of collaborationism
was public repentance.
To be fair, their tepidity, self-interest, and occasional acts of class collaborationism
are less significant in explaining the declining power of organized labour than broader political economy changes.
Randjarv, Laine (2013) "Intellectual occupation and collaborationism
in the cultural life of Estonia: reflected in the epistolary communication between Tuudur Vettik and Roland Laasmae".
A fierce debate ensued on Russian art blogs, where anybody with work in any project connected with the biennial was gravely accused of collaborationism
Judith Keene's nu-anced analysis of the figure of American Prisoner-of-War in the Korean conflict introduces yet another complex and contested category of a historical actor--a special kind of 'contaminated' victim haunted by the spectre of collaborationism
, often culturally vilified and distrusted.
As there were myriad levels of French resistance, so there were many varieties of Vichy behaviour, running (crudely put) from overt collaborationism
with the Germans, to weathervane middlingness or a prudent biding of time for a 'conversion', to 'Vichy Resistance' from the get-go.
Against the class collaborationism
of Social Democracy and its anti-Communist animus, the Councilist tradition was revolutionary and pre-figural.