sprue

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Related to collagenous sprue: collagenous colitis

sprue 1

 (spro͞o)
n.
A chronic, chiefly tropical disease characterized by diarrhea, emaciation, and anemia, caused by defective absorption of nutrients from the intestinal tract.

[Dutch spruw, from Middle Dutch sprouwe.]

sprue 2

 (spro͞o)
n.
1. The hole through which molten material is channeled into a mold.
2. The waste material filling or protruding from this hole after hardening.
3. The usually plastic rod or framework that secures molded objects, such as model parts or game pieces, before their first use.

[Perhaps of Scots origin.]

sprue

(spruː)
n
1. (Metallurgy) a vertical channel in a mould through which plastic or molten metal is introduced or out of which it flows when the mould is filled
2. (Metallurgy) plastic or metal that solidifies in a sprue
[C19: of unknown origin]

sprue

(spruː)
n
(Pathology) a chronic disease, esp of tropical climates, characterized by flatulence, diarrhoea, frothy foul-smelling stools, and emaciation
[C19: from Dutch spruw; related to Middle Low German sprüwe tumour]

sprue

(spruː)
n
(Cookery) dialect East London an inferior type of asparagus
[C19: of unknown origin]

sprue1

(spru)

n.
a. an opening through which molten metal is poured into a mold.
b. the waste metal left in this opening after casting.
[1820–30; orig. uncertain]

sprue2

(spru)

n.
a chronic tropical disease of intestinal malabsorption characterized by ulceration, diarrhea, and a smooth tongue.
[1815–25; < Dutch spruw, c. Middle Low German sprūwe tumor]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sprue - a chronic disorder that occurs in tropical and non-tropical forms and in both children and adults; nutrients are not absorbed; symptoms include foul-smelling diarrhea and emaciation
disorder, upset - a physical condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning; "the doctor prescribed some medicine for the disorder"; "everyone gets stomach upsets from time to time"
Translations

sprue

n. esprue, enfermedad digestiva crónica caracterizada por la inhabilidad de absorber alimentos que contienen gluten.

sprue

n esprue m; nontropical o celiac — enfermedad celíaca or celiaca, celiaquía, esprue celíaco; tropical — esprue tropical
References in periodicals archive ?
Most cases also lack the subsurface collagen that may be present in OAE, although this may be present in the related entity, collagenous sprue.
Angiotensin-ll inhibitor (olmesartan)-induced collagenous sprue with resolution following discontinuation of drug.
But for a condition like collagenous sprue, which is exceptionally rare, that really got my attention.
However, other entities such as tropical sprue, autoimmune enteropathy (AE; illustrated in Figure 3, A and B), common variable immunodeficiency (CVID; illustrated in Figure 3, C and D), collagenous sprue (illustrated in Figure 4, A and B), and drug-induced mucosal injury (such as colchicine toxicity, illustrated in Figure 4, C), among other disorders listed in Table 3, can all cause villous atrophy, with or without a concomitant increase in IEL numbers.
Collagenous sprue (CS) is a rare type of small-bowel enteropathy associated with chronic diarrhea and severe malabsorption, typically affecting middle-aged or elderly females.
Collagenous sprue is not always associated with dismal outcomes: a clinicopathological study of 19 patients.
Collagenous sprue is a severe malabsorption disorder, whose etiology is not well understood.
COLLAGENOUS SPRUE, CELIAC DISEASE, AND REFRACTORY SPRUE: A GLANCE AT THE TERMS
This set of disorders includes collagenous gastritis, collagenous sprue, and collagenous colitis.
Most adult patients with collagenous gastritis present with watery diarrhea, and many patients have associated collagenous colitis, collagenous sprue, and/or celiac disease.
12,15,85-90) Collagenous sprue refers to a variant entity having a thick collagen table beneath the surface epithelium of a mucosa, which also has other typical features of GSE, including IELosis.
Conditions Included in the Differential Diagnosis of Gluten-Sensitive Enteropathy IELosis Villous Shortening/Flattening HP-associated gastroduodenitis Microvillus inclusion disease Nongluten food hypersensitivity Autoimmune enteropathy Infections (Giardia, Tropical sprue Cryptosporidium, etc) Bacterial overgrowth Refractory sprue Drugs (primarily NSAIDs) Collagenous sprue IgA deficiency Radiochemotherapy Common variable Graft-versus-host disease immunodeficiency Crohn disease Nutritional deficiencies Small-bowel allograft rejection EITCL Abbreviations: EITCL, enteropathy-induced T-cell lymphoma; GSE, gluten-sensitive enteropathy; HP, Helicobacter pylori; IELosis, intraepithelial lymphocytosis; IgA, immunoglobulin A; NSAIDs, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.