collective self-defense

collective self-defense

Collective self-defense is the act of defending other designated non-US forces. Only the National Command Authorities may authorize US forces to exercise the right of collective self-defense.
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The bills, now under Diet deliberation, would allow Japan to exercise the right to collective self-defense, or coming to the aid of the United States or other friendly nations under armed attack even if Japan itself is not attacked.
TOKYO (CyHAN)- A man, believed to be an activist against Japan's exercise of the rights to collective self-defense, burned himself to death in Hibiya Park in Chiyoda Ward in Tokyo, according to local media Wednesday.
The Japanese and US governments plan to include their policy to examine Japan s limited exercise of its right of collective self-defense in an interim report on the new Guidelines for Japan-US Defense Cooperation.
In light of China's growing military presence and assertiveness in the region, Abe is trying to lift Japan's self-imposed ban on exercising the right to collective self-defense by reinterpreting its war-renouncing Constitution.
Abe also warned of resorting to make changes to the interpretation of the war-renouncing Constitution law, so that it can engage in collective self-defense.
The prime minister described the limitations imposed by the current interpretation of the pacifist Constitution, namely a ban on exercising the right of collective self-defense with two examples.
Gov't to skip decision on collective self-defense by next spring
After adopting the constitution, Japan also maintained an interpretation of Article 9 that prohibited it from exercising the right of collective self-defense.
The Cabinet Legislative Bureau, which has the responsibility for interpreting the constitution, maintains that Japan possesses the sovereign right to engage in collective self-defense (the right to respond to an attack against an ally or against a partner in a UN operation) but that under Article IX the exercise of this right exceeds "the minimum needs of self-defense" and is therefore unconstitutional.
The Second Amendment was meant to protect the God-given right of individual and collective self-defense as "being necessary to the security of a free state.
More important, a declaration of Japan's willingness to commit forces throughout Asia, in collective self-defense of Japan, could give China extra reason to pause before becoming too aggressive, especially in the Spratly Islands, a strategically important South China Sea archipelago.
Aside from a special provision in Article 107 relating to actions taken against enemy states during World War II, the Charter allows for only one other possibility, that is, according to Article 51, "individual or collective self-defense if an armed attack occurs.
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