But Kotkin also attributes the drive for collectivisation
to a broader determination to wrench the Soviet Union, no matter the cost, into a state of social and economic, albeit anticapitalist, modernity.
destroyed the livelihood of millions and left deep scars on vulnerable economies and societies.
There is little about the politics and ideologies of the different factions and groupings in the struggles of the 1920s and 1930s, or the public Bolshevik debates about industrialisation, collectivisation
, foreign policy, spreading revolution or building socialism.
The last part of this volume is devoted to manifestations of resistance against collectivisation
Thus, obscure, toxic anti-Semitic tracts still highlight the Jewish-born commissars responsible for implementing Stalin's agricultural collectivisation
that caused mega-starvation in Ukraine in the early 1930s.
Aussi, Mao ne pouvait que tirer les lecons de l'histoire de la revolution russe de 1917, de l'Etat-parti qui s'ensuivit, de la collectivisation
agraire et du mode de developpement industriel finance par les campagnes.
Widely reviled as a dictator responsible for millions of deaths in political purges, labour camps and forced agricultural collectivisation
, Stalin is held up as a hero by supporters who say the Soviet Union would not have defeated Nazi Germany or industrialized without him.
After the "socialist spring"; collectivisation
and economic transformation in the GDR.
Farmers in Russia, the world's fifth largest grain grower, harvested their biggest wheat crop last year after investing in the revival of a sector crippled by the legacy of collectivisation
and a decade of post-Soviet neglect.
Then, following the seminal work of Lin (1990) on agricultural collectivisation
and performance in China, economists intensified research effort on the causation of the collapse in production as well as the concurrent famine.
During her trek, she met numerous hospitable and fiercely independent nomads who have somehow survived Communism and collectivisation
, and continue to offer traditional hospitality to courageous foreigners such as Burges Watson.
a entraine des transformations sociales importantes dans tous les secteurs sociaux : l'exode rural, l'accroissement demographique urbain, les migrations journalieres et hebdomadaires entre ville et campagne.