A veritable "war on the peasants," collectivization
is described as imposing an enormous burden on the country's agricultural regions between 1929 and 1933, leading to repeated bouts of state violence and coercive grain requisitioning (109).
At the same time, Stalin ordered the collectivization
Stalin's first five-year plan also initiated forced collectivization
Chapters are presented in sections on organization and political practices within the countryside of the Eastern bloc; agrarian reforms and collectivization
of agriculture in the Eastern bloc; political instruments for transforming the village; social change and rural mentality; and communist propaganda and representations of the countryside in the official discourse in the Eastern bloc.
Inspired by recent art-historical scholarship and in line with art-market trends, the exhibition eschews the binary of avant-garde experiment and socialist-realist conformity in favor of a thematic presentation that addresses contentious issues such as the formation of proletarian subjectivity, the impact of crash industrialization and agricultural collectivization
, and the persistence of nationalism notwithstanding the hope for world revolution.
Iosif Stalin does not enter the story until the very end of Yanni Kotsonis's fiscal history of imperial and early Soviet Russia, but the shadow of Stalinist collectivization
hangs over nearly every page of this monumental work.
The main goals of Stalinizing were the transformation of the economy from private in one of the state, the industrial concentration in state's hands as well as the collectivization
of agricultural fields.
Ukraine's famine of 1932-33 is a subject that has been long relegated to the margins of historical enquiry, having been studiously ignored, covered up, or flatly denied by generations of Soviet scholars in keeping with the Communist Party line on the horrific consequences of the first Five-Year Plan and its forced collectivization
It ushered in further nightmares, including hyperinflation, forced agricultural collectivization
, the deaths of hundreds of thousands in "re-education camps,'' the invasion of Cambodia, and the flight of millions by sea.
Cezar Avram, Roxana Radu, Mihaela Barbieru, The Collectivization
Process in Communist Romania.
Those who clamored around Moscow in 1929 had left everything behind because of the Stalinist threat in 1928 to inaugurate the First Five Year Plan, which would incorporate all farmers into regulated collectivization
Yet the county commissioners responded as though Eugene was embarked on a Stalinist campaign of collectivization