113) See Kelman, supra note 16, at 298 ("I admire the collegialism
of Justice Harlan more than the soloism of Justice Black.
In this context, arguments to preserve academic freedom, collegialism, and institutional autonomy risk being perceived by the public as self-serving claims to professional privileges.
She has published widely on various higher education issues including government policy and policy-making related to universities, the commodification of academic research, and the erosion of university autonomy, democracy, and collegialism.
Pietism was to Baumgarten what Arminianism was to Warburton and Vernet, but Sorkin also traces the influence of Dutch Collegialism
and English moderatism on Baumgarten's defense of "the true middle way"--a way that included appeals to natural law, natural religion, and revelation and scripture.
And it is reflected in the many new managerial practices that are being employed by university administrators--ranging from greater secrecy in the running of institutional affairs, to various forms of pseudo-consultation, to the increased use of performance indicators and merit pay to control and motivate academic workers--all of which erode the collegialism
and institutional democracy that have been the hallmarks of university governance.
In such circumstances, self-evaluation followed by an inquisitorial peer review encourages retrenchment rather than responsiveness: cloisterism rather than new collegialism