commence


Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia.

com·mence

 (kə-mĕns′)
v. com·menced, com·menc·ing, com·menc·es
v.tr.
To begin; start. See Synonyms at begin.
v.intr.
To enter upon or have a beginning; start.

[Middle English commencen, from Old French comencier, from Vulgar Latin *cominitiāre : Latin com-, intensive pref.; see com- + Late Latin initiāre, to begin (from Latin initium, beginning; see ei- in Indo-European roots).]

com·menc′er n.

commence

(kəˈmɛns)
vb
to start or begin; come or cause to come into being, operation, etc
[C14: from Old French comencer, from Vulgar Latin cominitiāre (unattested), from Latin com- (intensive) + initiāre to begin, from initium a beginning]
comˈmencer n

com•mence

(kəˈmɛns)

v.i., v.t. -menced, -menc•ing.
to begin; start.
[1250–1300; Middle English < Anglo-French, Middle French comencer < Vulgar Latin *cominitiāre= Latin com- com- + initiāre to begin; see initiate]
com•mence′a•ble, adj.
com•menc′er, n.
syn: See begin.

commence


Past participle: commenced
Gerund: commencing

Imperative
commence
commence
Present
I commence
you commence
he/she/it commences
we commence
you commence
they commence
Preterite
I commenced
you commenced
he/she/it commenced
we commenced
you commenced
they commenced
Present Continuous
I am commencing
you are commencing
he/she/it is commencing
we are commencing
you are commencing
they are commencing
Present Perfect
I have commenced
you have commenced
he/she/it has commenced
we have commenced
you have commenced
they have commenced
Past Continuous
I was commencing
you were commencing
he/she/it was commencing
we were commencing
you were commencing
they were commencing
Past Perfect
I had commenced
you had commenced
he/she/it had commenced
we had commenced
you had commenced
they had commenced
Future
I will commence
you will commence
he/she/it will commence
we will commence
you will commence
they will commence
Future Perfect
I will have commenced
you will have commenced
he/she/it will have commenced
we will have commenced
you will have commenced
they will have commenced
Future Continuous
I will be commencing
you will be commencing
he/she/it will be commencing
we will be commencing
you will be commencing
they will be commencing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been commencing
you have been commencing
he/she/it has been commencing
we have been commencing
you have been commencing
they have been commencing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been commencing
you will have been commencing
he/she/it will have been commencing
we will have been commencing
you will have been commencing
they will have been commencing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been commencing
you had been commencing
he/she/it had been commencing
we had been commencing
you had been commencing
they had been commencing
Conditional
I would commence
you would commence
he/she/it would commence
we would commence
you would commence
they would commence
Past Conditional
I would have commenced
you would have commenced
he/she/it would have commenced
we would have commenced
you would have commenced
they would have commenced
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.commence - take the first step or steps in carrying out an actioncommence - take the first step or steps in carrying out an action; "We began working at dawn"; "Who will start?"; "Get working as soon as the sun rises!"; "The first tourists began to arrive in Cambodia"; "He began early in the day"; "Let's get down to work now"
recommence - begin again; "we recommenced his reading after a short nap"
strike out - set out on a course of action; "He struck out on his own"
fall - begin vigorously; "The prisoners fell to work right away"
jump off - set off quickly, usually with success; "The freshman jumped off to a good start in his math class"
get to - arrive at the point of; "She gets to fretting if I stay away from home too long"
auspicate - commence in a manner calculated to bring good luck; "They auspicated the trip with a bottle of champagne"
attack - set to work upon; turn one's energies vigorously to a task; "I attacked the problem as soon as I got out of bed"
break in - start in a certain activity, enterprise, or role
launch, plunge - begin with vigor; "He launched into a long diatribe"; "She plunged into a dangerous adventure"
come on - occur or become available; "water or electricity came on again after the earthquake"
embark, enter - set out on (an enterprise or subject of study); "she embarked upon a new career"
get moving, get rolling, get started, get weaving, bestir oneself, get cracking, get going - start to be active; "Get cracking, please!"
begin - begin to speak, understand, read, and write a language; "She began Russian at an early age"; "We started French in fourth grade"
2.commence - set in motion, cause to start; "The U.S. started a war in the Middle East"; "The Iraqis began hostilities"; "begin a new chapter in your life"
jumpstart, jump-start - start or re-start vigorously; "The Secretary of State intends to jumpstart the Middle East Peace Process"
recommence - cause to start anew; "The enemy recommenced hostilities after a few days of quiet"
usher in, inaugurate, introduce - be a precursor of; "The fall of the Berlin Wall ushered in the post-Cold War period"
set off - set in motion or cause to begin; "The guide set the tour off to a good start"
embark on, start up, commence, start - get off the ground; "Who started this company?"; "We embarked on an exciting enterprise"; "I start my day with a good breakfast"; "We began the new semester"; "The afternoon session begins at 4 PM"; "The blood shed started when the partisans launched a surprise attack"
begin - have a beginning, of a temporal event; "WW II began in 1939 when Hitler marched into Poland"; "The company's Asia tour begins next month"
3.commence - get off the ground; "Who started this company?"; "We embarked on an exciting enterprise"; "I start my day with a good breakfast"; "We began the new semester"; "The afternoon session begins at 4 PM"; "The blood shed started when the partisans launched a surprise attack"
commence, lead off, start, begin - set in motion, cause to start; "The U.S. started a war in the Middle East"; "The Iraqis began hostilities"; "begin a new chapter in your life"
inaugurate, kick off - commence officially
open - begin or set in action, of meetings, speeches, recitals, etc.; "He opened the meeting with a long speech"

commence

verb
1. embark on, start, open, begin, initiate, originate, instigate, inaugurate, enter upon They commenced a systematic search of the area.
embark on end, stop, finish, complete, conclude, halt, cease, wind up, terminate, bring to an end, desist
2. start, open, begin, go ahead The academic year commences at the beginning of October.
start end, stop, finish, cease, wind up, come to an end

commence

verb
2. To come into being:
3. To begin to appear or develop:
Translations
يَشْرَعُ في، يَبْدأُ
zahájit
begynde
aloittaa
elkezdelkezdõdik
byrja, hefja
aktasuniversiteto baigimo iškilmės
iesāktiesāktiessāktsākties
začínať
börja

commence

[kəˈmens] (frm)
A. VTcomenzar
to commence doing or to do sthcomenzar a hacer algo
to commence proceedings (against sb) (Jur) → entablar demanda (a algn)
B. VIcomenzar

commence

[kəˈmɛns]
vt (= start) → commencer
to commence doing sth → commencer à faire qch
to commence to do sth → commencer à faire qch
vicommencer

commence

(form)
vibeginnen
vtbeginnen (→ obj mit +dat); legal proceedingseröffnen; to commence doing or to do somethingmit etw anfangen

commence

[kəˈmɛns]
1. vtcominciare
to commence doing sth → cominciare a fare qc
2. vicominciare

commence

(kəˈmens) verb
to begin. the church service commenced with a hymn.
comˈmencement noun
1. beginning.
2. a ceremony at which students receive their diplomas or degrees.
References in classic literature ?
And I had little difficulty in determining the objects with which it was necessary to commence, for I was already persuaded that it must be with the simplest and easiest to know, and, considering that of all those who have hitherto sought truth in the sciences, the mathematicians alone have been able to find any demonstrations, that is, any certain and evident reasons, I did not doubt but that such must have been the rule of their investigations.
It is even conceivable that an insect might, by fixing on a point at which to commence a cell, and then moving outside, first to one point, and then to five other points, at the proper relative distances from the central point and from each other, strike the planes of intersection, and so make an isolated hexagon: but I am not aware that any such case has been observed; nor would any good be derived from a single hexagon being built, as in its construction more materials would be required than for a cylinder.
The sharpshooters of Morand's division and of the vice-King's division will open a heavy fire on seeing the attack commence on the right wing.
These are my enticements, and they are sufficient to conquer all fear of danger or death and to induce me to commence this laborious voyage with the joy a child feels when he embarks in a little boat, with his holiday mates, on an expedition of discovery up his native river.
It would, therefore, have been fatal to himself to have attempted the experiment; a warrior would have fared no better; but the danger of a boy would not be likely to commence until after his object was discovered.
We had only three boarders and half a dozen day-pupils to commence with; but by due care and diligence we hoped ere long to increase the number of both.
I suppose your Midsummer holidays commence in June, the same as other people's; therefore you cannot plead want of time; and you must and shall come--in fact, I shall die if you don't.
Okoronkwo said the project which ought to have started two years ago was delayed, due to leadership tussle in the association, adding that the project would commence now that the leadership issues had been resolved.