commissariat


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com·mis·sar·i·at

 (kŏm′ĭ-sâr′ē-ĭt)
n.
1. A department of an army in charge of providing food and other supplies for the troops.
2. A food supply.
3. A major government department in the Soviet Union until 1946.

[French, from Medieval Latin commissārius, agent; see commissary. Sense 3, from Russian komissariat, from French commissariat.]

commissariat

(ˌkɒmɪˈsɛərɪət)
n
1. (Historical Terms) (in the former Soviet Union) a government department before 1946. Now called: ministry
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy)
a. a military department in charge of food supplies, equipment, etc
b. the offices of such a department
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) food supplies
[C17: from New Latin commissāriātus, from Medieval Latin commissārius commissary]

com•mis•sar•i•at

(ˌkɒm əˈsɛər i ət)

n.
1. a major governmental division in the U.S.S.R.: called ministry after 1946.
2. the organized method by which food, equipment, etc., is delivered to armies.
3. the department of an army charged with supplying provisions.
[1600–10; < New Latin commissāriātus= Medieval Latin commissāri(us) commissary + -ātus -ate3; (definition 1) < Russian komissariát « New Latin, as above]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.commissariat - a stock or supply of foodscommissariat - a stock or supply of foods    
food, nutrient - any substance that can be metabolized by an animal to give energy and build tissue
food cache - food in a secure or hidden storage place
larder - a supply of food especially for a household
Translations

commissariat

[ˌkɒmɪˈsɛərɪət] Ncomisaría f

commissariat

[ˌkɒmɪˈsɛəriət] n (MILITARY)intendance f

commissariat

n
(Mil) → Intendantur f
(in former USSR etc) → Kommissariat nt

commissariat

[ˌkɒmɪˈsɛərɪət] n (in former Soviet Union) → commissariato (Mil) → commissariato militare
References in classic literature ?
During the war with Spain he was employed in the commissariat of the French army, and made a fortune; then with that money he speculated in the funds, and trebled or quadrupled his capital; and, having first married his banker's daughter, who left him a widower, he has married a second time, a widow, a Madame de Nargonne, daughter of M.
Mahbub had business at Quetta, and there Kim, as Mahbub admitted, earned his keep, and perhaps a little over, by spending four curious days as scullion in the house of a fat Commissariat sergeant, from whose office-box, in an auspicious moment, he removed a little vellum ledger which he copied out - it seemed to deal entirely with cattle and camel sales - by moonlight, lying behind an outhouse, all through one hot night.
But this defect was not due to any fault of the regimental commander, for in spite of repeated demands boots had not been issued by the Austrian commissariat, and the regiment had marched some seven hundred miles.
You shall entertain me with tales of your adventures whilst you compare our cuisine here with your own commissariat.
To his thinking the navy was one of the current expenses of the war department, like the artillery, cavalry, infantry, and commissariat.
Grewgious, in a lower tone, after his clerk's departure, 'about employing him in the foraging or commissariat department.
We alighted in a pleasant wood towards the middle of the day, dined on a fallen tree, and leaving our best fragments with a cottager, and our worst with the pigs (who swarm in this part of the country like grains of sand on the sea-shore, to the great comfort of our commissariat in Canada), we went forward again, gaily.
A stiff commissariat officer of sixty, famous as a martinet, had then become enamoured of the gravity with which she drove the proprieties four-in-hand through the cathedral town society, and had solicited to be taken beside her on the box of the cool coach of ceremony to which that team was harnessed.
Mrs General's communication of this idea to her clerical and commissariat connection was so warmly applauded that, but for the lady's undoubted merit, it might have appeared as though they wanted to get rid of her.
A retired clerk of the commissariat department came, too; he was drunk, had a loud and most unseemly laugh and only fancy--was without a waistcoat
cried the commissariat clerk, gulping down his twelfth glass of vodka.
Yes, he used to get his hair pulled pretty often," roared the commissariat clerk again, swallowing another glass of vodka.

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