commutation


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com·mu·ta·tion

 (kŏm′yə-tā′shən)
n.
1. A substitution, exchange, or interchange.
2.
a. The substitution of one kind of payment for another.
b. The payment substituted.
3. The travel of a commuter.
4. Electricity
a. Conversion of alternating to unidirectional current.
b. Reversal of current direction.
5. Law Reduction of a penalty to a less severe one.

[Middle English commutacioun, from Latin commūtātiō, commūtātiōn-, from commūtātus, past participle of commūtāre, to alter, exchange; see commute.]

commutation

(ˌkɒmjʊˈteɪʃən)
n
1. a substitution or exchange
2. (Commerce)
a. the replacement of one method of payment by another
b. the payment substituted
3. (Law) the reduction in severity of a penalty imposed by law
4. (Electronics) the process of commutating an electric current
5. US the travelling done by a commuter

com•mu•ta•tion

(ˌkɒm yəˈteɪ ʃən)

n.
1. the act of substituting one thing for another; substitution; exchange.
2. the changing of a prison sentence or other penalty to another less severe.
3. the act of commuting, as to and from a place of work.
4. the substitution of one kind of payment for another.
5. the act or process of commutating.
[1400–50; late Middle English < Latin commutātiō change. See commute, -tion]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.commutation - the travel of a commutercommutation - the travel of a commuter    
travel, traveling, travelling - the act of going from one place to another; "he enjoyed selling but he hated the travel"
2.commutation - a warrant substituting a lesser punishment for a greater one
warrant - a writ from a court commanding police to perform specified acts
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
3.commutation - (law) the reduction in severity of a punishment imposed by law
mercy, clemency, mercifulness - leniency and compassion shown toward offenders by a person or agency charged with administering justice; "he threw himself on the mercy of the court"
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
4.commutation - the act of putting one thing or person in the place of another: "he sent Smith in for Jones but the substitution came too late to help"
change - the action of changing something; "the change of government had no impact on the economy"; "his change on abortion cost him the election"
replacement, replacing - the act of furnishing an equivalent person or thing in the place of another; "replacing the star will not be easy"
subrogation - (law) the act of substituting of one creditor for another
weaning, ablactation - the act of substituting other food for the mother's milk in the diet of a child or young mammal

commutation

noun
The act of exchanging or substituting:
Informal: swap.
Translations

commutation

[ˌkɒmjʊˈteɪʃən]
A. N (gen, Fin) → conmutación f (US) (Rail etc) → uso m de un billete de abono
B. CPD commutation ticket N (US) → billete m de abono

commutation

n
(Jur) → Umwandlung f
commutation ticket (US) → Zeitnetzkarte f
References in classic literature ?
The commutation of his death sentence had been due to some doubts as to his complete sanity, so atrocious was his conduct.
That money represents the commutation of your father's pension.
Never mind, but drive on," said John, "I have with me the order for the commutation of the punishment, the gate-keeper will let us through.
Their groping efforts to better their condition received strong stimulus also from the ravages of the terrible Black Death, a pestilence which, sweeping off at its first visitation, in 1348, at least half the population, and on two later recurrences only smaller proportions, led to a scarcity of laborers and added strength to their demand for commutation of personal services by money-payments and for higher wages.
Not even the unlooked-for commutation of his sentence to transportation for fourteen years, softened for an instant the sullen hardihood of his demeanour.
In 2002, there were 3,692 death row inmates waiting to be executed nationally, and prior to the blanket commutation in Illinois by former Gov.
During trials and again during pardon and commutation hearings, prosecutors described robber-murderers as "cold-blooded" killers.
Still, if an insurance company offers to issue structured-settlement annuities and simultaneously seeks to commute them, is the commutation bona fide (even without an express link between a particular issuance and a particular commutation)?
In contrast to the conventional HVDC transmission system the reduced extinction angle, due to the additional commutation voltage supported by the CC, leads to a decreased consumption of reactive power.
Unadjusted odds ratios of commutation by various death row prisoner characteristics, 1986-2005 Odds 95% Confidence Characteristic Ratio Interval p-value Race / Ethnicity White, not Hispanic Ref.
A pardon is an official act of forgiveness that removes civil liabilities stemming from a criminal conviction, while a commutation reduces or eliminates a person's sentence.
The FHA Series of actuators features a through-bore up to 45mm in diameter and provides high torque and exceptional positioning accuracy, This performance is achieved in a compact design using a patented "S" tooth harmonic drive gear coupled to a DC brushless pancake motor with integral electronic commutation and a high resolution encoder.