commutation


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com·mu·ta·tion

 (kŏm′yə-tā′shən)
n.
1. A substitution, exchange, or interchange.
2.
a. The substitution of one kind of payment for another.
b. The payment substituted.
3. The travel of a commuter.
4. Electricity
a. Conversion of alternating to unidirectional current.
b. Reversal of current direction.
5. Law Reduction of a penalty to a less severe one.

[Middle English commutacioun, from Latin commūtātiō, commūtātiōn-, from commūtātus, past participle of commūtāre, to alter, exchange; see commute.]

commutation

(ˌkɒmjʊˈteɪʃən)
n
1. a substitution or exchange
2. (Commerce)
a. the replacement of one method of payment by another
b. the payment substituted
3. (Law) the reduction in severity of a penalty imposed by law
4. (Electronics) the process of commutating an electric current
5. US the travelling done by a commuter

com•mu•ta•tion

(ˌkɒm yəˈteɪ ʃən)

n.
1. the act of substituting one thing for another; substitution; exchange.
2. the changing of a prison sentence or other penalty to another less severe.
3. the act of commuting, as to and from a place of work.
4. the substitution of one kind of payment for another.
5. the act or process of commutating.
[1400–50; late Middle English < Latin commutātiō change. See commute, -tion]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.commutation - the travel of a commutercommutation - the travel of a commuter    
travel, traveling, travelling - the act of going from one place to another; "he enjoyed selling but he hated the travel"
2.commutation - a warrant substituting a lesser punishment for a greater one
warrant - a writ from a court commanding police to perform specified acts
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
3.commutation - (law) the reduction in severity of a punishment imposed by law
mercy, clemency, mercifulness - leniency and compassion shown toward offenders by a person or agency charged with administering justice; "he threw himself on the mercy of the court"
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
4.commutation - the act of putting one thing or person in the place of another: "he sent Smith in for Jones but the substitution came too late to help"
change - the action of changing something; "the change of government had no impact on the economy"; "his change on abortion cost him the election"
replacement, replacing - the act of furnishing an equivalent person or thing in the place of another; "replacing the star will not be easy"
subrogation - (law) the act of substituting of one creditor for another
weaning, ablactation - the act of substituting other food for the mother's milk in the diet of a child or young mammal

commutation

noun
The act of exchanging or substituting:
Informal: swap.
Translations

commutation

[ˌkɒmjʊˈteɪʃən]
A. N (gen, Fin) → conmutación f (US) (Rail etc) → uso m de un billete de abono
B. CPD commutation ticket N (US) → billete m de abono

commutation

n
(Jur) → Umwandlung f
commutation ticket (US) → Zeitnetzkarte f
References in classic literature ?
That money represents the commutation of your father's pension.
The commutation of his death sentence had been due to some doubts as to his complete sanity, so atrocious was his conduct.
Never mind, but drive on," said John, "I have with me the order for the commutation of the punishment, the gate-keeper will let us through.
Not even the unlooked-for commutation of his sentence to transportation for fourteen years, softened for an instant the sullen hardihood of his demeanour.
Their groping efforts to better their condition received strong stimulus also from the ravages of the terrible Black Death, a pestilence which, sweeping off at its first visitation, in 1348, at least half the population, and on two later recurrences only smaller proportions, led to a scarcity of laborers and added strength to their demand for commutation of personal services by money-payments and for higher wages.
I have seen virtually no evidence that the governor and his office recognize the important opportunities they have on the clemency and commutation front, said Larry Hammond, an attorney and president of the Arizona Justice Project.
It can be controlled with block (trapezoidal), sinusoidal, or vector commutation when interfaced with a microprocessor.
Keeping pace with the ever-changing technological trends, the Airports Authority of India has entered into a strategic alliance with Cab aggregators like Ola and Uber to fulfill the commutation demands of air passengers at AAI airports, namely Chennai, Kolkata, Pune, Lucknow and Bhubaneswar.
Some 39 convicts have received their certificates of conditional and commutation pardons in line with President Rodrigo Duterte's order granting executive clemency to 127 convicts.
Volunteer lawyers who have offered up their services to help inmates have complained that the process to request commutation from the Department of Justice is extremely bureaucratic, and that the volunteers were not given the necessary resources to properly push applications through.
Combined with a diametrically magnetized permanent magnet, the device in a QFN28 5x5 mm package can be used to create a universal encoder for motor commutation and positioning.
In 2011, Professor Mark Osier established the first commutation clinic in the United States at the University of St.