inhibition

(redirected from competitive inhibition)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to competitive inhibition: Uncompetitive inhibition

in·hi·bi·tion

 (ĭn′hə-bĭsh′ən, ĭn′ə-)
n.
1. The act of inhibiting or the state of being inhibited.
2. Something that restrains, blocks, or suppresses.
3. Psychology Conscious or unconscious restraint of a behavioral process, desire, or impulse.
4.
a. Chemistry The condition in which or the process by which a reaction is inhibited.
b. Biology The condition in which or the process by which an enzyme, for example, is inhibited.

inhibition

(ˌɪnɪˈbɪʃən; ˌɪnhɪ-)
n
1. the act of inhibiting or the condition of being inhibited
2. (Psychology) psychol
a. a mental state or condition in which the varieties of expression and behaviour of an individual become restricted
b. the weakening of a learned response usually as a result of extinction or because of the presence of a distracting stimulus
c. (in psychoanalytical theory) the unconscious restraining of an impulse. See also repression
3. (Chemistry) the process of stopping or retarding a chemical reaction
4. (Physiology) physiol the suppression of the function or action of an organ or part, as by stimulation of its nerve supply
5. (Anglicanism) Church of England an episcopal order suspending an incumbent

in•hi•bi•tion

(ˌɪn ɪˈbɪʃ ən, ˌɪn hɪ-)

n.
1. the act of inhibiting.
2. the state of being inhibited.
3. something that inhibits; constraint.
4.
a. the conscious or unconscious restraint or suppression of behavior, impulses, etc., often due to guilt or fear produced by past punishment.
b. the blocking or holding back of one psychological process by another.
5.
a. a restraining, arresting, or checking of the action of an organ or cell.
b. the reduction of a reflex or other activity as the result of an antagonistic stimulation.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin]

in·hi·bi·tion

(ĭn′hə-bĭsh′ən)
The blocking or limiting of the action of an organ, tissue, or cell of the body that is caused by the activity of certain nerves or by the release of a particular substance, such as a hormone or enzyme. Compare excitation.

inhibition

Mental blockage occurring when the superego or voice of conscience prevents the individual from behaving in a particular way.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.inhibition - (psychology) the conscious exclusion of unacceptable thoughts or desires
abstinence - act or practice of refraining from indulging an appetite
psychological science, psychology - the science of mental life
2.inhibition - the quality of being inhibited
restraint, control - discipline in personal and social activities; "he was a model of polite restraint"; "she never lost control of herself"
taboo, tabu - an inhibition or ban resulting from social custom or emotional aversion
3.inhibition - (physiology) the process whereby nerves can retard or prevent the functioning of an organ or part; "the inhibition of the heart by the vagus nerve"
physiology - the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
biological process, organic process - a process occurring in living organisms
4.inhibition - the action of prohibiting or inhibiting or forbidding (or an instance thereof); "they were restrained by a prohibition in their charter"; "a medical inhibition of alcoholic beverages"; "he ignored his parents' forbiddance"
action - something done (usually as opposed to something said); "there were stories of murders and other unnatural actions"

inhibition

noun
1. shyness, reserve, restraint, hang-up (informal), modesty, nervousness, reticence, self-consciousness, timidity, diffidence, bashfulness, mental blockage, timidness They behave with a total lack of inhibition.
2. obstacle, check, bar, block, barrier, restriction, hazard, restraint, hitch, drawback, snag, deterrent, obstruction, stumbling block, impediment, hindrance, encumbrance, interdict They cited security fears as a major inhibition to internet shopping.

inhibition

noun
Translations
كَبْحٌمَنْع، كَبْت
zábrana
hæmningkompleks
esto
inhibicija
gátlásszigorú tilalom
bæling
抑圧
억제
zábrana
hämning
การหักห้ามใจ
engellemeketlenme
sự ức chế

inhibition

[ˌɪnhɪˈbɪʃən] Ninhibición f
to have/have no inhibitionstener/no tener inhibiciones
to lose one's inhibitionsperder las inhibiciones

inhibition

[ˌɪnhɪˈbɪʃən ˌɪnɪˈbɪʃən] ninhibition f
to lose one's inhibitions → perdre ses inhibitions

inhibition

nHemmung f (also Psych, Sci); he has no inhibitions about speaking Frencher hat keine Hemmungen, Französisch zu sprechen; to lose one’s inhibitionsseine Hemmungen verlieren; inhibition thresholdHemmschwelle f

inhibition

[ˌɪnhɪˈbɪʃn] ninibizione f

inhibit

(inˈhibit) verb
to stop or hinder (eg someone from doing something).
inˈhibited adjective
unable to relax and express one's feelings in an open and natural way.
inhibition (iniˈbiʃən) noun

inhibition

كَبْحٌ zábrana hæmning Hemmung αναστολή inhibición esto inhibition inhibicija inibizione 抑圧 억제 remming hemning zahamowanie inibição подавленность hämning การหักห้ามใจ ketlenme sự ức chế 约束

in·hi·bi·tion

n. inhibición, interrupción o restricción de una acción o hábito.

inhibition

n inhibición f, cohibición f
References in periodicals archive ?
Vmax is not modified, as its value indicates the moment in which all the active sites of the enzyme are busy, situation that occurs in competitive inhibition because active sites are occupied by substrate but also by the inhibitor.
Mechanism of this syndrome is metabolism of tramadol in liver by hydroxylation and conjugation with glucuronide which leads to metabolism of SSRI via competitive inhibition.
2) Secondly, one should recognize the potential CYP3A4 competitive inhibition when using RTV and an azolic agent.
The models tested included pure and partial competitive inhibition, non-competitive inhibition, mixed-type inhibition, and uncompetitive inhibition [10,11].
This causes competitive inhibition of leukotrienes which subsequently blocks the inflammatory effects of leukotrienes.
Conclusion: Overall, this was the first investigation of the inhibitory effects of MA on CYP1A2 and CYP2B6 in HLMs, and it has identified that MA acts via competitive inhibition.
Therefore, competitive inhibition of the activation of TGF-[beta] through treatment with M6P is considered another method by which M6P may inhibit fibrosis.
You consider the possibility that medical treatment aimed at increasing dopamine in affected areas of the brain may be lowering serotonin by competitive inhibition.
Because estrogens have been linked to breast cancer etiology, lignans could affect breast cancer risk through modulation of endogenous estrogen metabolism or competitive inhibition with estrogen receptors.
To do this, they used sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and a competitive inhibition Elisa, respectively.
Specificity of SV40 seroreactivity in macaques has recently been demonstrated by competitive inhibition assays (4).
Kinetics also revealed that the toxicity effect of the chlorophenols dominated over the competitive inhibition effect.

Full browser ?