complementary DNA


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Related to complementary DNA: genomic DNA

complementary DNA

n. Abbr. cDNA
Single-stranded DNA synthesized in the laboratory using messenger RNA as a template and the enzyme reverse transcriptase.

complementary DNA

n
(Genetics) a form of DNA artificially synthesized from a messenger RNA template and used in genetic engineering to produce gene clones. Abbreviation: cDNA
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.complementary DNA - single-stranded DNA that is complementary to messenger RNA or DNA that has been synthesized from messenger RNA by reverse transcriptase
provirus - cDNA copy of the RNA genome of a retrovirus; the genetic material of a virus as incorporated into and able to replicate with the genome of a host cell
dscDNA - double-stranded cDNA
deoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
Translations
ADN complémentaire
References in periodicals archive ?
The key principle is based on the tunable association of two short complementary DNA strands A3/4 one is attached to the object to be visualized and the other to a fluorescent dye.
When two cells incubated with complementary DNA strands come in contact, they stick fast.
It did say that you can patent complementary DNA (cDNA), which, it was argued, is not naturally occurring.
The DNA connects with complementary DNA on other nanoparticles to create nearly endless particle combinations.
Thus complementary DNA (cDNA), synthesized in the laboratory from the messenger RNA that provides the template for natural DNA, remains patentable.
The RNA was converted to complementary DNA using a complementary DNA synthesis kit (Parstous, Tehran, Iran) with both oligo(dT) and random hexamer primers.
In recent research, scientists used a genetic therapy in laboratory mice, in which a virus helped carry complementary DNA into appropriate cells and restored some GluN2B subunits.
But the court also ruled that synthetically created DNA known as complementary DNA (cDNA) can be granted a patent.
But the high court also ruled that synthetically created DNA known as complementary DNA (cDNA) can be granted a patent.
The Supreme Court of the United States has upheld Myriad Genetics' patent claims on complementary DNA, or cDNA.
But his ruling said that synthetic molecules known as complementary DNA can be patented 'because it is not naturally occurring'.
This fact, combined with the fact that such primers of a user-defined sequence can be chemically synthesized and last month's discussion of complementarity and annealing of two complementary DNA single strands, leads to the observation that it must be possible in theory to direct a DNA polymerase in vitro to start work at any arbitrary but known DNA sequence.

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