regional anesthesia

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regional anesthesia

n.
Anesthesia characterized by the loss of sensation in a circumscribed region of the body, produced by the application of a regional anesthetic, usually by injection.
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Noun1.regional anesthesia - loss of sensation in a region of the body produced by application of an anesthetic agent to all the nerves supplying that region (as when an epidural anesthetic is administered to the pelvic region during childbirth)
anaesthesia, anesthesia - loss of bodily sensation with or without loss of consciousness
acroanaesthesia, acroanesthesia - loss of sensation in the extremities
caudal anaesthesia, caudal anesthesia, caudal block - regional anesthesia resulting from injection of an anesthetic into the caudal end of the spinal canal; now largely replaced by epidural anesthesia
epidural, epidural anaesthesia, epidural anesthesia - regional anesthesia resulting from injection of an anesthetic into the epidural space of the spinal cord; sensation is lost in the abdominal and genital and pelvic areas; used in childbirth and gynecological surgery
paracervical block - regional anesthesia resulting from the injection of a local anesthetic on each side of the cervix; used during labor and childbirth
pudendal block - regional anesthesia resulting from the use of a local anesthetic to deaden the pudendal nerves in the region of the vulva and labia majora; used to ease discomfort during childbirth
spinal, spinal anaesthesia, spinal anesthesia - anesthesia of the lower half of the body; caused by injury to the spinal cord or by injecting an anesthetic beneath the arachnoid membrane that surrounds the spinal cord