confound


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con·found

 (kən-found′, kŏn-)
tr.v. con·found·ed, con·found·ing, con·founds
1. To cause to become confused or perplexed. See Synonyms at perplex.
2. To fail to distinguish; mix up: Don't confound fiction and fact.
3. To make (something bad) worse: Do not confound the problem by losing your temper.
4. To cause to be ashamed; abash: an invention that confounded the skeptics.
5. Used in mild curses: Confound you!
6.
a. To frustrate or thwart: trivial demands that confounded the peace talks.
b. Archaic To defeat or overthrow (an enemy).

[Middle English confounden, from Anglo-Norman confundre, from Latin cōnfundere, to mix together, confuse : com-, com- + fundere, to pour; see gheu- in Indo-European roots.]

con·found′er n.
con·found′ing·ly adv.

confound

(kənˈfaʊnd)
vb (tr)
1. to astound or perplex; bewilder
2. to mix up; confuse
3. to treat mistakenly as similar to or identical with (one or more other things)
4. to curse or damn (usually as an expletive in the phrase confound it!)
5. to contradict or refute (an argument, etc)
6. to rout or defeat (an enemy)
7. obsolete to waste
[C13: from Old French confondre, from Latin confundere to mingle, pour together, from fundere to pour]
conˈfoundable adj
conˈfounder n

con•found

(kɒnˈfaʊnd, kən-; for 6 usu. ˈkɒnˈfaʊnd)

v.t.
1. to perplex or amaze; bewilder; confuse.
2. to throw into confusion or disorder.
3. to throw into increased confusion or disorder.
4. to treat or regard erroneously as identical; mix or associate by mistake: truth confounded with error.
5. to mingle so that the elements cannot be distinguished or separated.
6. to damn (used in mild imprecations): Confound it!
7. to contradict or refute.
8. to put to shame; abash.
9. Archaic.
a. to defeat or overthrow.
b. to bring to ruin or naught.
[1250–1300; Middle English < Anglo-French confoundre < Latin confundere to mix]
con•found′er, n.
con•found′ing•ly, adv.

confound


Past participle: confounded
Gerund: confounding

Imperative
confound
confound
Present
I confound
you confound
he/she/it confounds
we confound
you confound
they confound
Preterite
I confounded
you confounded
he/she/it confounded
we confounded
you confounded
they confounded
Present Continuous
I am confounding
you are confounding
he/she/it is confounding
we are confounding
you are confounding
they are confounding
Present Perfect
I have confounded
you have confounded
he/she/it has confounded
we have confounded
you have confounded
they have confounded
Past Continuous
I was confounding
you were confounding
he/she/it was confounding
we were confounding
you were confounding
they were confounding
Past Perfect
I had confounded
you had confounded
he/she/it had confounded
we had confounded
you had confounded
they had confounded
Future
I will confound
you will confound
he/she/it will confound
we will confound
you will confound
they will confound
Future Perfect
I will have confounded
you will have confounded
he/she/it will have confounded
we will have confounded
you will have confounded
they will have confounded
Future Continuous
I will be confounding
you will be confounding
he/she/it will be confounding
we will be confounding
you will be confounding
they will be confounding
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been confounding
you have been confounding
he/she/it has been confounding
we have been confounding
you have been confounding
they have been confounding
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been confounding
you will have been confounding
he/she/it will have been confounding
we will have been confounding
you will have been confounding
they will have been confounding
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been confounding
you had been confounding
he/she/it had been confounding
we had been confounding
you had been confounding
they had been confounding
Conditional
I would confound
you would confound
he/she/it would confound
we would confound
you would confound
they would confound
Past Conditional
I would have confounded
you would have confounded
he/she/it would have confounded
we would have confounded
you would have confounded
they would have confounded
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.confound - be confusing or perplexing toconfound - be confusing or perplexing to; cause to be unable to think clearly; "These questions confuse even the experts"; "This question completely threw me"; "This question befuddled even the teacher"
demoralize - confuse or put into disorder; "the boss's behavior demoralized everyone in the office"
bewilder, dumbfound, flummox, baffle, mystify, nonplus, perplex, puzzle, stupefy, amaze, gravel, vex, pose, stick, beat, get - be a mystery or bewildering to; "This beats me!"; "Got me--I don't know the answer!"; "a vexing problem"; "This question really stuck me"
disconcert, flurry, confuse, put off - cause to feel embarrassment; "The constant attention of the young man confused her"
disorient, disorientate - cause to be lost or disoriented
be - have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun); "John is rich"; "This is not a good answer"
2.confound - mistake one thing for another; "you are confusing me with the other candidate"; "I mistook her for the secretary"
misidentify, mistake - identify incorrectly; "Don't mistake her for her twin sister"
obnubilate, obscure, blur, confuse - make unclear, indistinct, or blurred; "Her remarks confused the debate"; "Their words obnubilate their intentions"
mix up, jumble, confuse - assemble without order or sense; "She jumbles the words when she is supposed to write a sentence"

confound

verb
1. bewilder, baffle, amaze, confuse, astonish, startle, mix up, astound, perplex, surprise, mystify, flummox, boggle the mind, be all Greek to (informal), dumbfound, nonplus, flabbergast (informal) For many years medical scientists were confounded by these seemingly contradictory facts.
2. disprove, contradict, refute, negate, destroy, ruin, overwhelm, explode, overthrow, demolish, annihilate, give the lie to, make a nonsense of, prove false, blow out of the water (slang), controvert, confute The findings confound all the government's predictions.

confound

verb
1. To cause to be unclear in mind or intent:
Informal: throw.
Idiom: make one's head reel.
2. To cause (a person) to be self-consciously distressed:
3. To make incapable of finding something to think, do, or say:
Informal: flummox, stick, stump, throw.
Slang: beat.
Idiom: put someone at a loss.
4. To take (one thing) mistakenly for another:
Translations
يُربِك، يُحيّر، يُذهِل
ohromitzmást
forvirre
rugla; gera höggdofa
pritrenkti
apmulsinātizjaukt

confound

[kənˈfaʊnd] VT (= confuse) → confundir; (= amaze) → pasmar, desconcertar
confound it! (o.f.) → ¡demonio!
confound him! (o.f.) → ¡maldito sea!

confound

[kɒnˈfaʊnd] vt
(= confuse) → confondre
(= amaze) → déconcerter

confound

vt
(= amaze)verblüffen
(= throw into confusion)verwirren, durcheinanderbringen
(liter: = mistake for sth else) → verwechseln
(inf) confound it!vermaledeit (dated)or verflixt (inf)noch mal!; confound him!der vermaledeite (dated)or verflixte (inf)Kerl!

confound

[kənˈfaʊnd] vt (confuse) → confondere; (amaze) → sconcertare; (defeat) → sconfiggere
confound it! → al diavolo!

confound

(kənˈfaund) verb
to puzzle and surprise greatly.
References in classic literature ?
That is to confound you, you blathering old sentimentalist," he cried, shaking with laughter.
The habitual scowl of her brow was undeniably too fierce, at this moment, to pass itself off on the innocent score of near-sightedness; and it was bent on Judge Pyncheon in a way that seemed to confound, if not alarm him, so inadequately had he estimated the moral force of a deeply grounded antipathy.
Indeed, place this reversed skull (scaled down to the human magnitude) among a plate of men's skulls, and you would involuntarily confound it with them; and remarking the depressions on one part of its summit, in phrenological phrase you would say --This man had no self-esteem, and no veneration.
Ona was blue-eyed and fair, while Jurgis had great black eyes with beetling brows, and thick black hair that curled in waves about his ears--in short, they were one of those incongruous and impossible married couples with which Mother Nature so often wills to confound all prophets, before and after.
You'll only lose your own temper, and utterly confound Dinah.
Confound it, I just expect the wind has blowed it to us.
You must not confound us with London in general, my dear sir.
Turn your toes out, and keep step -- confound you, keep step
This, his regular eyebrows, and the rich white, and black, and brown, of his complexion - confound his complexion, and his memory
Or could we break our way By force, and at our heels all Hell should rise With blackest Insurrection, to confound Heav'ns purest Light, yet our great Enemie All incorruptible would on his Throne Sit unpolluted, and th' Ethereal mould Incapable of stain would soon expel Her mischief, and purge off the baser fire Victorious.
A devil draw the teeth of him,'' said Gurth, ``and the mother of mischief confound the Ranger of the forest, that cuts the foreclaws off our dogs, and makes them unfit for their trade
Confound it, we shall have the whole pack here in a moment.