confounding


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con·found

 (kən-found′, kŏn-)
tr.v. con·found·ed, con·found·ing, con·founds
1. To cause to become confused or perplexed. See Synonyms at perplex.
2. To fail to distinguish; mix up: Don't confound fiction and fact.
3. To make (something bad) worse: Do not confound the problem by losing your temper.
4. To cause to be ashamed; abash: an invention that confounded the skeptics.
5. Used in mild curses: Confound you!
6.
a. To frustrate or thwart: trivial demands that confounded the peace talks.
b. Archaic To defeat or overthrow (an enemy).

[Middle English confounden, from Anglo-Norman confundre, from Latin cōnfundere, to mix together, confuse : com-, com- + fundere, to pour; see gheu- in Indo-European roots.]

con·found′er n.
con·found′ing·ly adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.confounding - that confounds or contradicts or confuses
unsupportive - not furnishing support or assistance
References in classic literature ?
This foe confounding Thy land, desiring to lay waste the whole world, rises against us; these lawless men are gathered together to overthrow Thy kingdom, to destroy Thy dear Jerusalem, Thy beloved Russia; to defile Thy temples, to overthrow Thine altars, and to desecrate our holy shrines.
This is a mistake, into which the author has been led by trusting to his memory, and so confounding two places of the same name.
It is known to us that major advantages of RCTs to demonstrate causality include low risk of selective bias and minimized the influence of baseline confounding by randomly assigning the intervention, low risk of performance bias, or detection bias due to blinding.
Often, administrative data does not have access to these kind of lifestyle variables; however, surrogates (such as a physician billing code for smoking cessation counselling or operative interventions on morbidly obese patients) or linked household survey results can be used to attempt to address some of this known residual confounding.
6,7] Reverse causality, selection biases, and unmeasured confounding may be the reasons for these inconsistent results.
Confounding variables are any other variable that also has an effect on your dependent variable.
The researchers looked at many potentially confounding neonatal factors including month of birth, latitude of birth, and breastfeeding status.
Here, the combination of dehydration and dicrotophos exposure produced plasma cholinesterase activity that was not significantly different from reference and pre-exposure values, confounding the diagnosis of anticholinesterase exposure in dehydrated, dicrotophos-exposed quail.
The study from Nationwide Children's Hospital is the first to use methods controlling for the widest range of confounding factors when directly examining the association between gestational weight gain and childhood cognition.
He pointed out that visit of President Asif Ali Zardari to Punjab has perplexed PML-N leadership and that's the reason they were airing confounding statements adding that PML-N should realized it that President Asif Ali Zardari was elected President of the country and he can visit in any part of the country and it should be responsibility of PML-N Punjab Government to welcome the Presidency in Punjab.
Wolves 0 Birmingham City 1 BIRMINGHAM manager Alex McLeish believes Lee Bowyer is confounding his critics after he was again the goal hero in the victory over Wolves at Molineux.
This rhizomatic radicality is not about uprooting our traditions so much as exposing them to our confounding togetherness--as species, peoples, ethnicities, sexes, religions, even as theological members of this panel.