confuse


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con·fuse

 (kən-fyo͞oz′)
v. con·fused, con·fus·ing, con·fus·es
v.tr.
1.
a. To cause to be unable to think with clarity or act with intelligence or understanding; bewilder or perplex.
b. Archaic To cause to feel embarrassment.
2.
a. To fail to differentiate (one person or thing) from another: confused effusiveness with affection.
b. To make more complex or difficult to understand: "The old labels ... confuse debate instead of clarifying it" (Christopher Lasch).
v.intr.
To make something unclear or incomprehensible: a new tax code that only confuses.

[Middle English confusen, from Old French confus, perplexed, from Latin cōnfūsus, past participle of cōnfundere, to mix together; see confound.]

con·fus′a·ble adj.
con·fus′ing·ly adv.

confuse

(kənˈfjuːz)
vb (tr)
1. to bewilder; perplex
2. to mix up (things, ideas, etc); jumble
3. to make unclear: he confused his talk with irrelevant details.
4. to fail to recognize the difference between; mistake (one thing) for another
5. to disconcert; embarrass
6. to cause to become disordered: the enemy ranks were confused by gas.
[C18: back formation from confused, from Latin confūsus mingled together, from confundere to pour together; see confound]
conˈfusable adj, n
conˌfusaˈbility n

con•fuse

(kənˈfyuz)

v.t. -fused, -fus•ing.
1. to perplex or bewilder: The flood of questions confused me.
2. to make unclear or indistinct: The new evidence tended to confuse the issue.
3. to fail to distinguish between; associate by mistake: I always confuse the twins.
4. to disconcert or abash.
5. to combine without order; jumble; disorder.
6. Archaic. to bring to ruin or naught.
[1375–1425; late Middle English, back formation from confused bewildered < Anglo-French confus (with -ed -ed2 maintaining participial sense) < Latin confūsus, past participle of confundere; see confound]
con•fus′a•ble, adj.
con•fus′a•bly, adv.
con•fus′ed•ly, adv.

confuse

- Originally meant "rout" or "bring to ruin."
See also related terms for ruin.

confuse


Past participle: confused
Gerund: confusing

Imperative
confuse
confuse
Present
I confuse
you confuse
he/she/it confuses
we confuse
you confuse
they confuse
Preterite
I confused
you confused
he/she/it confused
we confused
you confused
they confused
Present Continuous
I am confusing
you are confusing
he/she/it is confusing
we are confusing
you are confusing
they are confusing
Present Perfect
I have confused
you have confused
he/she/it has confused
we have confused
you have confused
they have confused
Past Continuous
I was confusing
you were confusing
he/she/it was confusing
we were confusing
you were confusing
they were confusing
Past Perfect
I had confused
you had confused
he/she/it had confused
we had confused
you had confused
they had confused
Future
I will confuse
you will confuse
he/she/it will confuse
we will confuse
you will confuse
they will confuse
Future Perfect
I will have confused
you will have confused
he/she/it will have confused
we will have confused
you will have confused
they will have confused
Future Continuous
I will be confusing
you will be confusing
he/she/it will be confusing
we will be confusing
you will be confusing
they will be confusing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been confusing
you have been confusing
he/she/it has been confusing
we have been confusing
you have been confusing
they have been confusing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been confusing
you will have been confusing
he/she/it will have been confusing
we will have been confusing
you will have been confusing
they will have been confusing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been confusing
you had been confusing
he/she/it had been confusing
we had been confusing
you had been confusing
they had been confusing
Conditional
I would confuse
you would confuse
he/she/it would confuse
we would confuse
you would confuse
they would confuse
Past Conditional
I would have confused
you would have confused
he/she/it would have confused
we would have confused
you would have confused
they would have confused
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.confuse - mistake one thing for another; "you are confusing me with the other candidate"; "I mistook her for the secretary"
misidentify, mistake - identify incorrectly; "Don't mistake her for her twin sister"
obnubilate, obscure, blur, confuse - make unclear, indistinct, or blurred; "Her remarks confused the debate"; "Their words obnubilate their intentions"
mix up, jumble, confuse - assemble without order or sense; "She jumbles the words when she is supposed to write a sentence"
2.confuse - be confusing or perplexing toconfuse - be confusing or perplexing to; cause to be unable to think clearly; "These questions confuse even the experts"; "This question completely threw me"; "This question befuddled even the teacher"
demoralize - confuse or put into disorder; "the boss's behavior demoralized everyone in the office"
bewilder, dumbfound, flummox, baffle, mystify, nonplus, perplex, puzzle, stupefy, amaze, gravel, vex, pose, stick, beat, get - be a mystery or bewildering to; "This beats me!"; "Got me--I don't know the answer!"; "a vexing problem"; "This question really stuck me"
disconcert, flurry, confuse, put off - cause to feel embarrassment; "The constant attention of the young man confused her"
disorient, disorientate - cause to be lost or disoriented
be - have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun); "John is rich"; "This is not a good answer"
3.confuse - cause to feel embarrassment; "The constant attention of the young man confused her"
befuddle, confound, confuse, discombobulate, fox, bedevil, fuddle, throw - be confusing or perplexing to; cause to be unable to think clearly; "These questions confuse even the experts"; "This question completely threw me"; "This question befuddled even the teacher"
fluster - cause to be nervous or upset
bother - make confused or perplexed or puzzled
distract, deflect - draw someone's attention away from something; "The thief distracted the bystanders"; "He deflected his competitors"
abash, embarrass - cause to be embarrassed; cause to feel self-conscious
4.confuse - assemble without order or senseconfuse - assemble without order or sense; "She jumbles the words when she is supposed to write a sentence"
confuse, confound - mistake one thing for another; "you are confusing me with the other candidate"; "I mistook her for the secretary"
addle, muddle, puddle - mix up or confuse; "He muddled the issues"
assemble, put together, tack together, set up, piece, tack - create by putting components or members together; "She pieced a quilt"; "He tacked together some verses"; "They set up a committee"
5.confuse - make unclear, indistinct, or blurred; "Her remarks confused the debate"; "Their words obnubilate their intentions"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
confuse, confound - mistake one thing for another; "you are confusing me with the other candidate"; "I mistook her for the secretary"
muddy - cause to become muddy; "These data would have muddied the prediction"

confuse

verb
1. mix up with, take for, mistake for, muddle with I can't see how anyone could confuse you two with each other.
2. bewilder, puzzle, baffle, perplex, mystify, fluster, faze, flummox, bemuse, be all Greek to (informal), nonplus Politics just confuses me.
3. obscure, cloud, complicate, muddle, darken, make more difficult, muddy the waters His critics accused him of trying to confuse the issue.

confuse

verb
1. To cause to be unclear in mind or intent:
Informal: throw.
Idiom: make one's head reel.
2. To cause (a person) to be self-consciously distressed:
3. To take (one thing) mistakenly for another:
4. To put into total disorder:
Slang: snafu.
Translations
أربكيَخْلُط ما بَيْنَيُرْبِكُيُرْبِك، يُبَلْبِل، يُشَوِّشيُرْبِك، يُحَيِّر
zmástnarušitpléstpopléstzamotat
forvirreforveksleforlegenhed
sekoittaaerehtyä
pobrkati
koma ólagi á, ruglaruglarugla; koma úr jafnvægi
困惑させる混乱させる混同する
혼동하다
išmušti iš vėžiųpadrikaipainiaipainiavapainioti
apmulsinātsajauktsamainīt
pomešatizbegati
förvirra
สับสน
nhầm lẫn

confuse

[kənˈfjuːz] VT
1. (= perplex) → confundir, desconcertar
you're just confusing meno haces más que confundirme, lo único que haces es confundirme más
2. (= mix up) → confundir
to confuse the issuecomplicar el asunto
to confuse A and Bconfundir A con B

confuse

[kənˈfjuːz] vt
(= perplex) [+ person] → embrouiller les idées de
Don't confuse me! → Ne m'embrouille pas les idées!
(= complicate) [+ issue] → embrouiller
[+ one thing with another] → confondre
You must be confusing me with someone else → Vous devez me confondre avec quelqu'un d'autre.

confuse

vt
(= bewilder, muddle) peoplekonfus machen, verwirren, durcheinanderbringen; (= make unclear) situationverworren machen; am I confusing you?bringe ich Sie durcheinander?, verwirrt Sie das?; don’t confuse the issue!bring (jetzt) nicht alles durcheinander!
(= mix up) peopleverwechseln; matters, issues alsodurcheinanderbringen; to confuse two problemszwei Probleme durcheinanderbringen or miteinander verwechseln

confuse

[kənˈfjuːz] vtconfondere

confuse

(kənˈfjuːz) verb
1. to put in disorder. He confused the arrangements by arriving late.
2. to mix up in one's mind. I always confuse John and his twin brother.
3. to make puzzled. He completely confused me by his questions.
conˈfused adjective
1. mixed up. The message I received was rather confused.
2. mixed up in the mind. in a confused state of mind.
conˈfusedly (-zidli) adverb
conˈfusion (-ʒən) noun

confuse

يُرْبِكُ poplést forvirre verwechseln συγχέω confundir sekoittaa confondre pobrkati confondere 困惑させる 혼동하다 verwarren forvirre zmylić confundir путать förvirra สับสน karıştırmak nhầm lẫn 搞乱

confuse

vt. confundir, trastornar, aturdir.

confuse

vt confundir
References in classic literature ?
It is dull enough to confuse the eye in following, pronounced enough to constantly irritate and provoke study, and when you follow the lame uncertain curves for a little distance they suddenly commit suicide--plunge off at outrageous angles, destroy themselves in unheard of contradictions.
But he is not listening to them, he is there for business; he is not minding the cloak-bearers that come fluttering around to confuse him; he chases this way, he chases that way, and hither and yon, scattering the nimble banderillos in every direction like a spray, and receiving their maddening darts in his neck as they dodge and fly - oh, but it's a lively spectacle, and brings down the house
Numbers and sizes and distances are so great, here, that we have to be made so we can FEEL them - our old ways of counting and measuring and ciphering wouldn't ever give us an idea of them, but would only confuse us and oppress us and make our heads ache.
Elton had only drunk wine enough to elevate his spirits, not at all to confuse his intellects.
You confuse me, and how can I transact business if I am confused?
My aunt reported to us, afterwards, that, at first, he was like a man playing the kettle-drums, and constantly divided his attentions between the two; but that, finding this confuse and fatigue him, and having his copy there, plainly before his eyes, he soon sat at it in an orderly business-like manner, and postponed the Memorial to a more convenient time.
Even a Master of Arts in our University of Wentbridge has been known to confuse a ten-sided with a twelve-sided Polygon; and there is hardly a Doctor of Science in or out of that famous University who could pretend to decide promptly and unhesitatingly between a twenty-sided and a twenty-four sided member of the Aristocracy.
I must not confuse them with experiences which will have to rest on my own observation, or my memory of them.
You confuse me," replied Athos, with his gentlemanly air; "let us talk of something else, if you please.