congener


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con·ge·ner

 (kŏn′jə-nər)
n.
1. A member of the same kind, class, or group.
2. An organism belonging to the same taxonomic genus as another organism.
3. Chemistry A compound produced in the same process that produces another, often structurally similar compound.

[From Latin, of the same race : com-, com- + genus, gener-, race; see genə- in Indo-European roots.]

con′ge·ner′ic (-nĕr′ĭk), con·gen′er·ous (kən-jĕn′ər-əs, kŏn-) adj.

congener

(kənˈdʒiːnə; ˈkɒndʒɪnə)
n
1. (Biology) a member of a class, group, or other category, esp any animal of a specified genus
2. (Brewing) a by-product formed in alcoholic drinks during the fermentation process, which largely determines the flavour and colour of the drink
[C18: from Latin, from com- same + genus kind]

con•ge•ner

(ˈkɒn dʒə nər)

n.
1. a person or thing of the same kind or class as another.
2. an organism that belongs to the same genus as another.
3. a secondary product formed in alcohol during fermentation that largely determines the character of the final liquor.
[1720–30; < Latin: belonging to the same plant family]

congener

a thing or person of the same kind as another.
See also: Relationship
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.congener - a minor chemical constituent that gives a wine or liquor its distinctive character
chemical, chemical substance - material produced by or used in a reaction involving changes in atoms or molecules
2.congener - an animal or plant that bears a relationship to another (as related by common descent or by membership in the same genus)
organism, being - a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
3.congener - a whole (a thing or person) of the same kind or category as another; "lard was also used, though its congener, butter, was more frequently employed"; "the American shopkeeper differs from his European congener"
whole, unit - an assemblage of parts that is regarded as a single entity; "how big is that part compared to the whole?"; "the team is a unit"

congener

noun
Something closely resembling or analogous to something else:
References in classic literature ?
In Russia the small Asiatic cockroach has everywhere driven before it its great congener.
Anatomically, it is distinguished from the white whale and the North Cape whale by the seven cervical vertebrae, and it has two more ribs than its congeners.
5] When viewed at a distance, from their manner of walking and colour they resemble pigs: but when seated on their haunches, and attentively watching any object with one eye, they reassume the appearance of their congeners, cavies and rabbits.
Brackets indicate "minor" coeluting congener based on Aroclor concentration (Hansen 1999).
This factor indicates a relative toxicity compared to the most toxic congener, TCDD, which is given a reference value of 1.
The toxic or biological potency of a congener is compared to that of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD).
7) But PCB 11 is far from the only congener being found in testing of pigments and the products they are used in.
Supplemental Material, Table S6: Results for models using the sum of 4 PBDE congeners (primary analysis), sum of 10 congeners, and individual congeners BDE-47, -99, -100, and -153: [beta]s and 95% CIs for a 10-fold increase in the congener(s) indicated.
We calculated the apparent elimination half-life in each individual for each dioxin congener and examined factors potentially influencing elimination rates and the impact of estimated ongoing background exposures on rate estimates.
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are flame retardant additives used in plastics, electronics, foams, and textiles, and they have the capacity to bioaccumulate for periods of time ranging from a few days to around 7 years depending on the congener (Hooper and McDonald 2000; Thuresson et al.
A small hospital-based case-control study from the United States reported positive associations of PCB congener 180 and the chlordane metabolite oxychlordane with prostate cancer (Ritchie et al.